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That everyone who thirsteth for the truth may obtain it, these publications are, as a Christian service, provided without charge. They levy but one exaction: the soul's obligation to itself to prove all things and hold fast to that which is good. The only strings attached to this free proffer are the golden strands of Eden and the crimson cords of Calvary - the ties that bind.
Benjamin L. Roden




That everyone who thirsteth for the truth may obtain it, these Lessons are, as a Christian service, mailed without charge. They levy but one exaction: the soul's obligation to itself to prove all things and hold fast to that which is good. The only strings attached to this free proffer are the golden strands of Eden and the crimson cords of Calvary - the ties that bind.

New Mt. Carmel Center
Rt. 7, Box 471-B
Waco, Texas 76705


The Reformation



Lesson  1 – Ezekiel's Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Lesson  2 – 390 Years of Spiritual Food. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Lesson  3 – The Reformation Begins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Lesson  4 – The Reformation Unfolds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Lesson  5 – The Lord's Remedy for the 40 Year Fast . . . . . . . . . . 19

Lesson  6 – The Seventh Step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Lesson  7 – The Seventh Day Sabbath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Lesson  8 – The Passover and the Lord's Supper. . . . . . . . . . . . .31

Lesson  9 – The Feast of Unleavened Bread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

Lesson 10 – The Second Passover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

Lesson 11 – The Pentecost. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Lesson 12 – The Day of Atonement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46

Lesson 13 – The Feast of Tabernacles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49

Lesson 14 – The New Moons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53

Lesson 15 – Purim – The Feast of Deliverance. . . . . . . . . . . . . .56

Lesson 16 – The Abrahamic Covenant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60

Lesson 17 – Tithes and Offerings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64

Letters From Around the World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68


Lesson 1


Memory Gem

"…the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day." – Prov. 4:18.


"While the prophecy of the 430 years finds its beginning with the Reformation by Luther, and others, the lesson is for this time, and the people of this age. Never before has this prophecy been understood, and until now, no one ever received much from it, but when the time is fulfilled, God makes it known. Thus has He lead His people on and on." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, pp. 127, 128.


Question 1
To whom is Ezekiel's prophecy addressed? Eze. 4:6, 13.

Question 2
Was this message given to ancient Israel? Eze. 4:13.


Note – "...Ezekiel was even given the vision of his prophecy, and he put the prophecy in the future, for he uses future tense. 'Even thus SHALL the children of Israel eat their defiled bread.'" – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 115.

"Since at the time of the vision, the house of Judah, the two-tribe kingdom, was in captivity in the land of the Chaldeans, and the house of Israel, the ten-tribe kingdom, was in dispersion among the nations whither it had been carried away and scattered some years before (2 Kings 17:6), there was no possibility of Ezekiel's delivering the message to them. And as it is to both the house of Israel and the house of Judah (Ezek. 9:9), – the twelve tribes, – consequently it was prophetic in Ezekiel's time." – Pre-"Eleventh Hour" Extra, Tract No. 1, p. 11.

Question 3
What is Ezekiel commanded to do? Eze. 4:1, 2.

Note – "The Hebrew translation reads: 'Engrave' upon it a city; namely 'Jerusalem,' (the city: A symbol of the church membership). Ezekiel was told to engrave a city, and call it Jerusalem, and it must be engraved upon a tile. Paper or skin would not do, for it would not be as durable as tile. If it is engraved on a tile it cannot be erased. The thought is that the prophecy will surely come to pass, and after it once becomes history, one cannot erase the things portrayed; it is there to stay through all ages. (The tile mentioned here is not manufactured. It is a natural luminar tile, and quarried in large, self-separated slabs which in certain sections of that country is found in a great abundance….) 'Lay siege against it': That is, invade the city (the church) by an army to compel its surrender; endeavor to obtain possession of the city, – the church. 'And build a fort against it': A fort around a city makes it secure, so 'build a fort against it' means to make sure that none escape. 'And cast a mount': the word 'mount' in the Greek translation meaning 'ramparts,' which is an embankment surrounding a fort, thus making every effort and precaution to secure the city. 'Set the camp also against it': That is, make temporary lodging places. The thought is – make preparation to remain there until you have conquered the city. 'And set battering rams against it round about': Or, as in margin, 'chief leaders': Meaning an instrument with which to blow or strike. 'Ram' is a male sheep, which is used as a symbol of God's men, and they are to batter around about until the city is taken. The instrument which they batter with is a clear, cutting, and convincing Bible Truth." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, pp. 128, 129. (Paren. belong to quotation)

Question 4
Who is the "city"? Eze. 4:3; Rev. 3:14-18.


Note – "The 'city' (Jerusalem) is God's church; namely, the Seventh-day Adventists (Israel). God Himself organized this church by a prophet, and there is a great deal of difference between this church, and the churches during the Reformation from Luther's time onward. God permitted His people to be voted out of the church by the majority in times past, and they were compelled to start another movement until the next step they were to make, and so on. In this case, God is to deal with the entire body. Those who sigh and cry for the abominations that are done in the church will be sealed by the man with the writer's inkhorn. Those who are determined to do evil, that is, do contrary to the rules laid down by the Spirit of God through the Testimonies for the Church will be destroyed by the five men with the slaughter weapons of Ezekiel 9. None can escape, for the city is besieged, fortified, and made sure. It is a fact, that in every age where God demonstrated His truth and purpose in clear lines, after being rejected, that people suffered the vengeance of the all-powerful and great God. For instance, the antediluvians, cities of Sodom, Egypt, Canaanites, Babylon, and ancient Jerusalem." – Ibid., p. 129. (Parentheses belong to quotation)

"The true people of God, who have the spirit of the work of the Lord and the salvation of souls at heart, will ever view sin in its real, sinful character. They will always be on the side of faithful and plain dealing with sins which easily beset the people of God. Especially in the closing work for the church, in the sealing time of the one hundred and forty-four thousand who are to stand without fault before the throne of God, will they feel most deeply the wrongs of God's professed people. This is forcibly set forth by the prophet's illustration of the last work under the figure of the men each having a slaughter weapon in his hand. One man among them was clothed with linen, with a writer's inkhorn by his side. 'And the Lord said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.' Who are standing in the counsel of God at this time? Is it those who virtually excuse wrongs among the professed people of God and who murmur in their hearts, if not openly, against those who would reprove sin? Is it those who take their stand against them and sympathize with those who commit wrong? No, indeed! Unless they repent, and leave the work of Satan in oppressing those who have the burden of the work and in holding up the hands of sinners in Zion, they will never receive the mark of God's sealing approval. They will fall in the general destruction of the wicked, represented by the work of the five men bearing slaughter weapons. Mark this point with care: Those who receive the pure mark of truth, wrought in them by the power of the Holy Ghost, represented by a mark by the man in linen, are those 'that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done' in the church. Their love for purity and the honor and glory of God is


such, and they have so clear a view of the exceeding sinfulness of sin, that they are represented as being in agony, even sighing and crying. Read the ninth chapter of Ezekiel. But the general slaughter of all those who do not thus see the wide contrast between sin and righteousness, and do not feel as those do who stand in the counsel of God and receive the mark, is described in the order to the five men with slaughter weapons: 'Go ye after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have ye pity: slay utterly old and young, both maids, and little children, and women: but come not near any man upon whom is the mark; and begin at My sanctuary." – Testimonies, Vol. 3, pp. 266-267.

Question 5
What is the sign to the house of Israel? Eze. 4:3.

Note – "'...take thou an iron pan, and set it for a wall of iron between thee and the city [church] ': A symbol of an impregnable separation between the two classes. This does not mean that they do not see, or speak to one another, but a separation in principle, rule, or guide (new truth). 'And set thy face against it': As a general of armies sets his face against another nation, with intent to conquer. 'This shall be a sign to the house of Israel: The sign is to those who are marked or sealed; namely, the 144,000 (who put the oil – new truth – into their lamps), for they are Israel, The True." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, pp. 129, 130. (Brackets belong to quotation)

"When God opens the way for the accomplishment of a certain work, and gives assurance of success, the chosen instrumentality must do all in his power to bring about the promised result. In proportion to the enthusiasm and perseverance with which the work is carried forward, will be the success given. God can work miracles for His people only as they act their part with untiring energy. He calls for men of devotion to His work, men of moral courage, with ardent love for souls, and with a zeal that never flags. Such workers will find no task too arduous, no prospect too hopeless; they will labor on, undaunted, until apparent defeat is turned into glorious victory. Not even prison walls, nor the martyr's stake beyond, will cause them to swerve from their purpose of laboring together with God for the upbuilding of His kingdom." – Prophets and Kings, p. 263.


Lesson 2


Memory Gem

"When new light is presented to the church, it is perilous to shut yourselves away from it. Refusing to hear because you are prejudiced against the message or the messenger will not make your case excusable before God." – Counsels on Sabbath School Work, pp. 32, 33. (1892 Edition)


"The prophecy by Ezekiel gives the information in detail from the beginning of Luther's reformation to Ezekiel 9, marking of the 144,000, and unrolling of the scroll....It makes it clear that there is a 430 year period from the reformation by Luther to the purification of the church…" – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 116.


Question 1
What is Ezekiel commanded to do during the siege? Eze. 4:9-12.

Note – "What is he told to eat? – six varieties of food; namely, wheat,


barley, beans, lentils, millet, and spelt (margin). We are not to understand these six varieties to be material food to sustain physical life, but as symbols of spiritual food (doctrines) of six varieties to sustain spiritual life. Had these not been symbols of truth, the Lord would not have asked Ezekiel to get a specified number of cereals, and that he should put them in one vessel, and bake them into a certain cake, and eat them at a specified time, in a particular way, with a fixed measure of water. These six doctrines may be represented by six steps upward (Reformation); an effort to bring the church to her state of purity." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 117. (Paren. belong)

Question 2
How long was Ezekiel to lay on his left side? His right side? Why? Eze. 4:4-8.

Note – "The prophet was to lie on his left side 390 days. During this time he was to eat the varieties of food. But why on the left side? Why not on the right? Because the symbol would not have been perfect had he lain on his right side while eating. The stomach of a man is shaped something like a crescent, with a narrow neck to the right as an outlet. If a man lies on his left side, the outlet is upward, against gravity, and consequently would be difficult to empty itself, which would cause the food to remain within it. Had it not been for the bands the Lord put around Ezekiel, he would have turned to his right side, thus spoiling the symbol. The meaning is that even though the great enemy tried to force out every truth by prejudice and insinuations, and casting out of the church those who were teaching these new truths as it has been in each instance in the past, yet God saw to it that every truth would remain until He has put them in one vessel, and so it is." – Ibid., p. 122.

Question 3
Ezekiel was to eat and drink in what way? Eze. 4:10, 11.

Note – "John 4:14. Christ referred to 'water' as a symbol of everlasting life. The meaning of the symbol of drinking the water with the barley cakes is that souls were to be saved by each new truth (the Spirit of life)....The 'measure' and 'weight' are symbols signifying that God would only give truth by measure, a little at a time. As the prophecy reads, 'from time to time shalt thou eat and drink,' and so has God given light a little at a time as we could grasp it." – Ibid., p. 123. (Parenthesis belongs to quotation)

Question 4
Ezekiel protested against what command? Eze. 4:12, 14, 15.


Note – "Wonderful prophecy as it is, the saddest part is now to be told. The prophet was told that he could not use wood, or coal to bake the cakes upon, but that he should use 'dung that cometh out of a man.' To Ezekiel it was too repulsive, and he pleaded to be excused. The Lord made an allowance, not by compulsion, but for Ezekiel's sake only, by telling Ezekiel to bake it with 'cow's dung.' The 13th verse gives an explanation of the symbol as follows: 'And the Lord said, 'Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their defiled bread among the Gentiles.' 'The symbol is: Every portion of truth that has come so far, has been polluted, including the last one (Sabbath), notwithstanding all the instructions given us, line upon line, and precept upon precept. The picture tells the story; symbols do not lie. Instead of being offended because we are told of our failings, we should only praise God that in His mercy He has made a call for reformation, that we may not be left to perish in our sins, but are given an opportunity to choose whom we will serve. The question may be asked, How have we polluted God's truth?…Volume 1, pages 471, 472 (Testimonies): '...Ministers have stood in the desk and preached a most solemn discourse, and then by introducing merchandise, and acting the part of a salesman, even in the house of God....' Volume 8, page 250 (Testimonies): 'I saw our Instructor [Christ] pointing to the garments of so-called righteousness. Stripping them off, He laid bare the defilement beneath. Then He said to me: 'Can you not see how they have pretentiously covered up their defilement and rottenness of character? 'How is the faithful city has become an harlot?' My Father's House is made a house of merchandise, a place whence the divine presence and glory have departed! For this cause there is weakness, and strength is lacking.' Thus we have the proof that every truth thus far has been polluted, including the Sabbath." – Ibid., pp. 123-125. (Brackets and first parenthesis theirs)

"All who in that evil day would faithfully serve God according to the dictates of conscience, will need courage, firmness, and a knowledge of God and His word; for those who are true to God will be persecuted, their motives will be impugned, their best efforts misinterpreted, and their names cast out as evil." – Gospel Workers, p. 264.


Lesson 3


Memory Gem

"These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so." – Acts 17:11.


"…we would first call your attention to the fact that the Reformation in Luther's time came in progressive stages. In general terms the whole movement was called 'the Reformation,' but it consisted of various phases of development....As the Reformation was had to have its periods of sowing, growth and harvest." – Details of the 430 Year Prophecy According to Abraham & Ezek. 4 – In Three Steps, p. 1.


Question 1
What do the "grains" represent? Eze. 4:9; Matt. 13:3-11, 18-23; 11:25.

Note – "Ever since the fall of man, Christ had been the Revealer of truth to the world. By Him the incorruptible seed, 'the word of God, which liveth and abideth forever,' is communicated to men....The word of God is the seed." – Christ's Object Lessons, p. 38.


symbols of spiritual food (doctrines) of six varieties to sustain spiritual life....These six doctrines may be represented by six steps upward (Reformation); an effort to bring the church to her state of purity." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 117. (Parentheses belong to quotation)

Question 2
What grain does Ezekiel use first? Eze. 4:9; Rom. 1:17.

Note – "The first portion of spiritual food or truth which we were to receive, represented by the wheat, was 'faith,' as taught by Luther, as his doctrine was 'The just shall live by faith.' The wheat, which symbolized the doctrine Luther gave us must be perfect in itself to make a perfect symbol of that doctrine. Note the truth of the wheat: It has always been used by all generations, and everybody uses it and it is hard to get along without. Just so, all must have the doctrine of 'faith.' 'Without faith it is impossible to please Him' so the Bible says. Not only Christians, but other religions must have faith as well as they must have wheat. Even the infidel, and the atheist must exercise faith in whatever he may believe. We can see that inspiration used the right kind of symbol to represent the doctrine of 'faith.'" – Ibid., p. 118.

Question 3
Did the reformation by Luther come all at once? Mark 4:28.

Note – "...we can clearly discern these different phases of its growth which are separated into three periods beginning with: 1500 – The year Luther discovered the Bible, commencing revival in his own life to prepare him for the work of the Reformation. (2 TGr 39:18; 1 SR 109:1); 1525 - The beginning of Luther's Reformation – when Luther had a following: the city of Worms having accepted the Reform faith. (Funk & Wagnall's Enc. under 'Worms'); 1530 – The time the Protestant confession of faith was drawn up: The Augsburg Confession....'Dr. Martin shook the foundation of Rome's claims upon his life by two radical steps...writing the ninety-five theses and taking a wife. His mental break with Romanism came when he placed the theses on the Castle Church door, but it was not until he married that his physical severance became complete.' (1525) 'Martin Luther – God's Man of Destiny,' Miller, p. 106. 'This (marriage on June 13, 1525) was the real beginning of the Protestant parsonage...' Martin Luther by Dallman, p. 253. 'The Protest of Spires (1523) and the Confession at Augsburg (1530)...marked the triumph of the Reformation in Germany...' Great Controversy, p. 211:1." – Details of the 430 Year Prophecy According to Abraham & Ezek 4 – In Three Steps, p. 1. (Parentheses belong to quotation)

Question 4
What do we see connected with these events in the Protestant Reformation?


Answer – "We now see that the events connected with the Protestant Reformation are types of that which is to come 430 years later. Along with the healing of the wound, we also come to the time of the standing up of Michael (Dan. 12:1)...and the closing up of the work for the church." – Ibid., p. 8.

"And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt." – Ex. 12:41.

"And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years." – Acts 7:6.

430 Year Chart

"The Lord's voice crieth unto the city, and the man of wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it." – Mic. 6:9.

1500 A. D.

The year Luther discovered the Bible. Four hundred and thirty years to The Shepherd's Rod in 1930 – The Midnight Cry.

"…at the end of the tarrying period, or just prior to the commencement of the judgment of the living, there must be a message – 'cry'; and if the 'virgins' are a figure of the church as a body in the time of the 'cry,' then, that message must be for the church only. This is also proven in 'The Great Controversy, ' page 425. In as much as there is just such a 'cry' presented in 'The Shepherd's Rod, ' Vol. 1, it not only shows that the application of the parable is correct, but it also proves that church to be the 'House of God.'" – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, p. 182.

The only way to calculate the four hundred and thirty years correctly is by


the Rod. "Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine heritage, which dwell solitarily in the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old. According to the days of thy coming out of the land of Egypt will I shew unto him marvelous things." – Mic. 7:14, 15.

1525 A. D.

Luther marries – starts the Protestant Parsonage (Martin Luther, by Dallman, p. 253). Four hundred and thirty years to the call to the marriage supper (Rev. 19:9) in 1955 by The Branch, the new name (Rev. 3:12; 2;l7; Zech. 3:8; 6:12) of the Bridegroom (Matt. 25:6).

1530 A. D.

Marks the triumph of the Reformation in Germany – ten governors sign Confession at Augsburg – wound inflicted. Four hundred and thirty years to 1960 – wound healed – Catholic elected President of the United States of America. Reformation goes forth – Feasts instituted.

"The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple." – Ps. 19:7.

"Christ has not been presented in connection with the law as a faithful and merciful High Priest, who was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. He has not been lifted up before the sinner as the divine sacrifice....They do not appropriate the righteousness of Christ; it is a robe unworn by them, a fullness unknown, a fountain untouched. O that the atoning work of Christ might be carefully studied!" – Review and Herald, Nov. 29, 1892. Quoted in Christ Our Righteousness by A. G. Daniells, pp. 127, 128.

"I am asked concerning the law in Galatians. What law is the schoolmaster to bring us to Christ? I answer: Both the ceremonial and the moral code of ten commandments. Christ was the foundation of the whole Jewish economy. The death of Abel was in consequence of Cain's refusing to accept God's plan in the school of obedience to be saved by the blood of Jesus Christ typified by the sacrificial offerings pointing to Christ. Cain refused the shedding of blood which symbolized the blood of Christ to be shed for the world. This whole ceremony was prepared by God, and Christ became the foundation of the whole system. This is the beginning of its work as the schoolmaster to bring sinful human agents to a consideration of Christ the Foundation of the whole Jewish economy. All who did service in connection with the sanctuary were being educated constantly in regard to the intervention of Christ in behalf of the human race. This service was designed to create in every heart a love for the law of God, which is the law of His kingdom (Dan. 7:27)…The glory that shone on the face of Moses was a reflection of the righteousness of Christ in the law." – Selected Messages, Book 1, pp. 233, 237.


Lesson 4


Memory Gem

"Receive my instruction, and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold." - Prov. 8:10.


"The prince of evil contests every inch of ground over which God's people advance in their journey toward the heavenly city. In all the history of the church no reformation has been carried forward without encountering serious obstacles. Thus it was in Paul's day. Wherever the apostle raised up a church, there were some who professed to receive the faith, but who brought in heresies, that, if received, would eventually crowd out the love of the truth. Luther also suffered great perplexity and distress from the course of fanatical persons who claimed that God had spoken directly through them,...And the Wesleys, and others who blessed the world by their influence and their faith, encountered at every step the wiles of Satan...William Miller had no sympathy with those influences that led to fanaticism." – The Great Controversy, p. 396.



Question 1
What is the second grain Ezekiel used? Eze. 4:9.

Note – "The second portion of food, or truth which we were to get was represented by barley. John Knox was the next man who made the second step by teaching the doctrine represented by the barley which was the truth of the 'Holy Spirit.' Barley is not so commonly or widely used as wheat. In fact, few people would use it, and at that, very seldom. Many people do not know what barley is; so with the doctrine of the 'Holy Spirit.' While the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is believed by some Christians, it is not believed by others. Some do not understand what the truth of the Spirit is, even as some do not know what barley is; so the symbol representing the second doctrine is perfect, even as the first. Gideon's experience with the Midianite's dream of the barley cake overturning the tent proves the same. Read Judges 7:13, 14." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 118.

Question 2
What is the third grain Ezekiel used? Eze. 4:9.

Note – "Beans are just as widely and commonly used by all the people and all generations the same as wheat. John Wesley, the third man on the stage of action as a great reformer, made the third step upward by teaching the doctrine of 'Grace,' which was represented by the beans. All believe in grace. So much so, that men no longer fear God, and have declared His law void. He is too gracious, and too merciful, they say, and as we are under grace, God will do neither good nor evil. Thus, Christians these days have perverted its true meaning, even as they all love beans, and have perverted the proper name by calling them 'pork and beans.' What more fitting symbol could have been chosen to represent the doctrine of grace than the one God has selected?" – Ibid., pp. 118, 119.

Question 3
What is the fourth grain Ezekiel used? Eze. 4:9.

Note – "Lentils are used to represent the fourth portion of truth. Alexander Campbell is credited with making the fourth step upward by teaching the doctrine of baptism by immersion, symbolized by the lentils. The variety (lentils) representing the fourth doctrine (baptism by immersion) is not known or used even as much as barley: so with the truth of immersion. Baptism by immersion in the old-fashioned way is not generally practiced, even as lentils are not generally used. Again God has used the right kind of symbol to represent this portion of truth." – Ibid., p. 119. (Parentheses belong to quotation)


Question 4
What is the fifth grain Ezekiel used? Eze. 4:9.

Note – "The fifth portion of truth is represented by millet, and the fifth reformer was William Miller. He taught the prophecy of Daniel 8:14, which was the doctrine of the 2300 days. Millet is scarcely known, and those who do not know what it is say it is of little worth, merely a wild grass with scarcely any farming value, and not desired by anybody. Nevertheless it is a good cereal. Just so with the doctrine taught by Miller. No one has any use for it and Seventh-day Adventists are practically the only people who teach it. Those who do not accept this doctrine say it is good for nothing, and charge Miller as being a false prophet. Though it is a wonderful prophecy and reveals a great truth, yet people will not accept it. 'It is good for nothing, with no spiritual value, and we have no need of it,' is the cry." – Ibid., pp. 119, 120.

Question 5
What is the sixth grain Ezekiel used? Eze. 4:9.

Note – "The last cereal mentioned in Ezekiel's prophecy is spelt, which represents the sixth truth or doctrine which is the Sabbath truth in the light as given by Sister E.G. White, in connection with the heavenly Sanctuary. The definition of 'spelt' (as in the margin) according to the Standard Dictionary is as follows: 'A cereal intermediate between wheat and barley....It was the chief cereal of ancient Egypt, being probably the rye of the time of Moses..." – Ibid., p. 120. (Parenthesis belongs to quotation)

"The church (Seventh-day Adventist) steadily retreating toward Egypt." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, p. 217.

"Spelt is an ancient cereal, used in ancient Egypt in the days of Moses, and it was the rye in the days of Joseph. So is the Sabbath an ancient truth which originated in the Garden of Eden, and was the last recorded act of Creation. It was the truth in the days of Moses, the first man in the Bible who instituted Sabbath keeping. Spelt is a little better known than millet, and has some farming value, but only in certain portions of the globe, even as the Sabbath is better known than the 2300 days. Would any dare say these are not all perfect symbols, or that it is only a certain man's interpretation, and only an accident, or just happened, and yet fit so perfectly?" – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 120.

Question 6
Where did Ezekiel put the six grains? Eze. 4:9.


Note – "...the great enemy flooded the church with deception….suggesting to the people that they now have all the truth, and that they surely were right, thus hardening their hearts against more light. Soon additional truth came (Luther's), but Satan had already flooded the church with his agents, and prejudice was aroused against the new light. The result was that the majority turned down the truth. A few saw the light, and as the case generally is, they were voted out by the church. Necessity gave birth to a new movement, or denomination (Lutheran)....In like manner, the truth represented by the barley (Spirit) was turned down by those who had accepted the doctrine symbolized by the wheat (faith). Knox believed in all the truths he had and also all the truth Luther taught. Thus the wheat and the barley were in one vessel and carried to the second step. (As each truth was revealed, the prior truths were carried forward, but the new truth was rejected by the majority, and so on down to the Seventh-day Adventists)....There are no other people besides Seventh-day Adventists who believe in the 2300 days (cleansing of the Sanctuary), and it is this denomination (vessel) which teaches all the six doctrines as represented by the six varieties of food." – Ibid., pp. 120-122. (3rd, 4th, 4th, 6th, & 7th parentheses belong to quotation)

Question 7
Why is the cake a barley cake? Amos 3:7; 2 Pet. 1:20, 21.

Note – "Why not as wheat cake, or cake of some of the other cereals? The truth of the Holy Spirit (brought by Knox) was represented by the barley;…For this reason Ezekiel was told to make it into barley cake, meaning the truth came by the power of the Holy Spirit, not by the aid of men." – Ibid., p. 122.

"Affirmatively stated, all Scripture, not merely a part of It, is inspired. Negatively stated, none of It is privately interpreted, for the reason that it did not come of men but of God; that is, as the Spirit of God dictated to men the Scriptures, so the Spirit of God must interpret the Scriptures to men, that no man privately (without inspiration) is capable of disclosing the sealed prophecies or interpreting any part of them or even capable of understanding their importance after they are interpreted except it be by the gift of the Spirit of Truth. 'None of the wicked,' therefore, 'shall understand; but the wise shall understand.' Dan. 12:10." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 14, pp. 10, 11. (Parenthesis belongs to quotation)


Lesson 5


Memory Gem

"And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse,and a Branch shall grow out of his roots." – Isa. 11:1.


"Thus far, the 390 years have been explained, and we shall now consider the 40 days, – or years. After Ezekiel had accomplished the 390 days, he was told to turn now to his right side and lie on it 40 days. Unlike the 390 days, he is not to eat anything, but fast the entire forty days, and during this period of time he must lie on his right side. As we have explained before, if one should lie on his left side, the stomach can not empty itself; but now he must lie on his right side. This position would give his stomach a chance to empty itself. Naturally, if the stomach would empty and could not take other food, he would become hungry (symbol of spiritual hunger)." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 125. (Paren. belong)


Question 1
From 1890 to 1930 who became hungry? Rev. 3:14.

Note – "The symbol is, that the church has been on a spiritual decline for forty years, and has had no new spiritual food to feed upon. Some may say, 'We have the Bible and the Testimonies and we feed on them.' It is true


we have had them, but they have been closed to us, for we did not make proper use of the truth we have had, and it is a fact that the church has had no new light upon scriptures that were not understood forty years ago. – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 125.

"This 40 years was one of the church's wandering in the wilderness of Scriptural speculation, yet the world was receiving light as Sr. White wrote the Conflict Series for the world." – Revival and Reformation in the Light of the 430 Years of Abraham and Ezekiel 4, p. 2.

"The time has come for the Advent people to carefully review their past history and profit by the mistakes made. Especially should we study the 1888 experience and learn the reasons for our wilderness wanderings." – Forty Years in the Wilderness, Taylor G. Bunch, p. 31.

Question 2
Who fasted from 1915 to 1955?

Answer – "The world fasts for 40 years, at the end of which a message (seventh step) was to come that would revive the living testimony, purge out hypocrites, and turn the church back into favor with God." – Details of the 430 Year Prophecy According to Abraham & Ezek. 4 – In Three Steps, p. 5.

Question 3
How many portions are there in this prophecy? Eze. 4:9.

Note – "In this prophecy we find there are only six portions, and only six steps have been made. Luther, Knox, Wesley, Campbell, Miller and White. The number 'six' is not a perfect number. It is evident then, that there is still another portion to follow, and a step to climb. 'Seven' is the perfect, Biblical number (AA 585). The question is, Why was not the seventh portion included in this prophecy? Because the six were polluted; defiled with man's preparation, man's thoughts; and plans have been injected and followed, which, in God's sight are as 'dung.' IT IS NOT TO BE SO WITH THE SEVENTH, FOR IT IS THE LAST; IT MUST BE PURE. THIS LAST PORTION, PURE AND UNDEFILED, IS REPRESENTED BY THE ANGEL OF REV. 18:1. '....there shall no more come into thee the UNCIRCUMCISED and the UNCLEAN..." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 126.

Question 4
Was the Rod the seventh step? Amos 1:2; Eze. 17:10; John 3:24-30.

Note – "...John's work the type, ours (Rod) the antitype....not a


message to be preached to the world (as the six grains are), but to the church (only Seventh-day Adventists not the world)." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 36, revised, pp. 4, 5.

Question 5
Who is to finish the Protestant Reformation? Zech. 6:12.

Note – "Who is to bring this revival and REFORMATION, this GREAT CHANGE? – The BRANCH....Here is seen genuine revival and reformation accompanied by the purification of the church. The Lord is to have a pure church and a clean people....Here is seen an organization having a Leader and an under leader – the Lord and Joshua.... '...Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and He shall grow up out of His place, and He shall build the temple of the Lord." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8, revised, pp. 24-27.

Question 6
What is laid before Joshua? Zech. 3:8, 9.

Question 7
What is written in the stone? Rev. 2:17; 3:12.

Note – "Israel, in the time of harvest, will receive a new name by the mouth of the Lord. Read Isa. 62:2. Whatever that name may be, we are sure it will be perfect (seventh step), to finish the picture of probationary time, as well as to indicate the end of all the redeemed, or close of probation." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 233.

"Zechariah's vision of Joshua and the Angel applies with PECULIAR FORCE to the experience of God's people in the closing up of the great day of atonement (harvest)." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, p. 472.

"The work of Christ as man's intercessor is presented in that beautiful (perfection, seventh step) prophecy of Zechariah concerning Him 'whose name is the Branch." – The Great Controversy, p. 415.

"Woe to him who may think all these wonderful designs in the beauty of perfection are just a chance, or an accident. Such a one is denying the Master Mechanic of all creation." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, pp. 233, 234.


Lesson 6


Memory Gem

"For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life." Prov. 6:23.


"When...thorough reformation takes place then the cleansing fountain shall be opened to the whole house of David. In that day the wicked shall be cut off and kept out of the house of David, and the false teachers, 'prophets,' shall feel ashamed of having ever taught their private interpretations of the Scriptures. Then shall men fully realize that though they could be taught by men to keep cattle, yet no man could teach them to prophesy; that this office is restricted to the Spirit of Prophecy, that no prophecy of the Scriptures is of private interpretation." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 44, pp. 48, 49.


Question 1
Who brings the seventh step of the Reformation? Zech. 6:12; 3:8, 9.

Note – "Who is to bring this revival and reformation, this great change?


– The BRANCH. And according to Isaiah 11:1 to 5, the Branch is the Lord, the Son of David." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8, revised, p. 24.

Question 2
What does the number seven signify?

Answer – "The number seven indicates completeness, and is symbolic of the fact that the messages extend to the end of time..." – The Acts of the Apostles, p. 585.

Question 3
What do the seven eyes in the stone indicate? Zech. 3:9.

Note – "Complete vision (complete plan of salvation) is in the stone message that is laid before Joshua." – Executive Council Letter, No. 5, p. 6.

Question 4
To what period of time does this prophecy apply?

Answer – "The work of Christ as man's intercessor is presented in that beautiful prophecy of Zechariah concerning Him 'whose name is the Branch.'" – The Great Controversy, p. 415.

"Zechariah's vision of Joshua and the Angel applies with peculiar force to the experience of God's people in the closing up of the great day of atonement." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, p. 472.

Question 5

The "closing up" of the Atonement is for which people? Heb. 10:16-31. (Example: See Num. 16:46-48)

Note – "Solemn are the scenes connected with the closing work of the atonement. Momentous are the interests involved therein. The judgment is now passing in the sanctuary above. For many years this work has been in progress (for the dead). Soon – none know how soon – it will pass to the cases of the LIVING." – The Great Controversy, p. 490.

Question 6
Why is the seventh step of the Reformation different from the other six steps?

Answer – "The number 'six' is not a perfect number. It is evident then, that there is still another portion to follow, and a step to climb. 'Seven' is the perfect, Biblical number. The question is, Why was not the seventh portion included in this prophecy (Eze. 4)? Because the six were polluted; de-


filed with man's preparation, man's thoughts (even Davidian Seventh-day Adventists were defiled by man's thought – a false 42 months theory by Florence Houteff); and plans have been injected and followed, which, in God's sight are as 'dung.' It is not to be so with the seventh, for it is the last; it must be pure. This last portion, pure and undefiled, is represented by the angel of Rev. 18:1..." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, p. 126.

Question 7
How is this purification brought about? Eze. 20:33-38; Lev. 27:32.

Note – "This verse (Eze. 20:37) is somewhat involved and needs to be elucidated with the help of another scripture....Lev. 27:32. To determine the Lord's part, the tithe, the Lord's lambs, goats, or sheep, were made to pass under the rod. Each tenth then was taken and set aside for the Lord. The statement...'to pass under the rod,' therefore, means to separate His very elect from among the multitude, from among the 'tares,' (Matt. 13:30) or from among the 'bad fish' (Matt. 13:47, 48). And being thus separated, they are counted. So it is that the 144,000 (Rev. 7:3-8; 14:1) are a separate and numbered company....When God causes His people to thus pass under the rod, He will then bring them into the bond of 'the covenant which He made with Abraham, and of His oath unto Isaac; and hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant, saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance.' 1 Chron. 16:16-18." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 7, 8. (Last 3 paren. belong)

"God has made plain that whosoever will, may come 'into the bond of the covenant. '...In His law God has made known the principles that underlie all true prosperity, both of nations and of individuals. To the Israelites Moses declared of this law: 'This is your wisdom and your understanding. 'It is not a vain thing for you; because it is your life.' The blessings thus assured to Israel are, on the same conditions and in the same degree, assured to every nation and to every individual under the broad heavens." – Prophets and Kings, pp. 500, 501.

Question 8
What is in the ark of the covenant? Deut. 10:5; 31:24-26.

Question 9
What should we do today? Isa. 52:1, 7; Nah. 1:15; 1 Cor. 5:7, 8; Mal. 4:4.

Note – "Broadly speaking, the law of Moses consists of three parts. The first is the Ceremonial law, the law of the temple – the sacrificial law. This law, of course, we today must not observe, EXCEPT IN ANTITYPE


(with Christ, the Lamb of God, instead of an animal sacrifice)…The second part of Moses' law, is the law by which Israel was to rule its people, the civil, or legal law, – the law which defines what penalty the government should impose upon those who are caught stealing, killing, or the like. Now, since we as Christians do not have a government of our own, but are still under the governments of the nations of today, we personally, or as a group are not required to enforce the legal law of Moses either. The only law of Moses, therefore, that we can possibly be admonished to remember, is the third part of his law: the moral law, which consists of the things that pertain to us as individuals, the things that we as individuals must perform, the things that perfect our character, the things that make us a peculiar people. We therefore need to search out and do the things contained in the moral law of Moses – 'The commandments, and the statutes and the judgments.' Deut. 5:31....Remember we anciently lost the Kingdom because of disobeying His commandments and statutes, and it is certain that He will not take us back into it so long as we neglect to take heed to His voice." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 37, pp. 14-17.

"Your obeying 'all the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments' of the moral law of Moses, you see, is your evidence that you have been born again, that you have been endowed with power from above, that you are enabled to choose the good and to refuse the evil, that you are the children of God. Keeping the commandments and the statutes in the Lord, then, is the light and shield of your life. It is the outward sign that by the life of Christ you have overcome the Enemy of your soul and body. This system of worship, therefore, is truly the Righteousness by faith that brings the righteousness of Christ in the people of God....Yes, be convinced of the truth which I have tried to present to you, for it is your life, your prosperity, your health and happiness, your eternity." – Ibid., pp. 24, 25.

"This truth, you see, supersedes all truths, for without it your other truths (steps of the Reformation) will not profit you, will not take you into the Kingdom. It is the last mile of all the miles of our faith through life that takes us home." – Ibid., No. 44, p. 51.

"Every man who praises himself brushes the luster from his best efforts." – Testimonies, Vol. 4, p. 607.


Lesson 7


Memory Gem

"For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified." – Rom. 2:13.


"The Sabbath is a golden clasp that unites God and His people. But the Sabbath command has been broken. God's holy day has been desecrated. The Sabbath has been torn from its place by the man of sin, and a common working day has been exalted in its stead. A breach has been made in the law, and this breach is to be repaired. The true Sabbath is to be exalted to its rightful position as Gods rest day....The Sabbath question is to be the issue in the great final conflict in which all the world will act a part....God has called us to uplift the standard of His downtrodden Sabbath. How important, then, that our example in Sabbath keeping should be right." – Testimonies, Vol. 6, pp. 351-353.


Question 1
What great gift did God give to man in Eden? Gen. 1:1, 31; 2:1-3.


Note – "The largest tangible gift ever bestowed upon mankind is the beautiful earth and the 'fullness thereof,' crowned with the Eternal Day of Rest – the Best which establishes its observer in the truth that the Lord created all things in six days and 'rested the seventh day." – Christ's Greetings, Tract No. 13, p. 10.

Question 2
At Sinai, how was the Sabbath reiterated? Ex. 20:8-11; Lev. 23:3.

Note – "The Sabbath is not introduced as a new institution but as having been founded at creation." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 307.

Question 3
Why was the fourth commandment so important? Ex. 31:12-18.

Note – "The seal of God's law is found in the fourth commandment. This only, of all the ten, brings to view both the name and the title of the Lawgiver. It declares Him to be the Creator of the heavens and the earth, and thus shows His claim to reverence and worship above all others. Aside from this precept, there is nothing in the Decalogue to show by whose authority the law is given." – The Great Controversy, p. 452.

Question 4
How long is this feast to be kept? Ex. 31:13, 16.

Note – "The Hebrews were forever to keep holy...not a seventh, but the seventh day of each week, the Sabbath." – The Answerer, Book 3, p. 9.

"…the Sabbath doctrine is the only Bible doctrine in the Christian era that can possibly be designated as 'daily' (pertaining to worship in respect to a day), as well as 'continual,' 'perpetual,' and 'everlasting,' – from time immemorial to time eternal, – it is hence evident that all these various renderings can apply to no other doctrine than the Sabbath – the eternal rest day." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, p. 31. (Paren. belong)

Question 5

Did Jesus or the apostles do away with the Sabbath? Matt. 5:17-20; 19:16, 17; Mark 2:27, 28.

Question 6

What examples did they give? Luke 4:14-16; Acts 13:13, 14; 18:1-4; Rev. 1:9, 10.

Note – "…as to those who are trying to make the world believe that


Christ nailed the Ten Commandments to the cross of Calvary, they are either dishonest in what they say, or else are ignorant of what the Scriptures teach. The Bible teaches that the law is 'holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good' (Rom. 7:12); that sin is 'the transgression of the Law' (1 John 3:4), that 'the wages of sin is death' (Rom. 6:23), and that men ought to repent of sinning – repent of breaking the law – so that Christ by His spilled blood might pay the penalty of their having sinned against the law, and thus make them free from the law....Who then could have done away with the law? Certainly not the Lord, not the prophets, and not the apostles, for they all kept and taught the ten-commandment law, and all laid special emphasis on its immutability and therefore irrevocable validity." – The Symbolic Code, Vol. 13, Nos. 11, 12, pp. 12, 14. (Parentheses belong to quotation)

Question 7
Who endeavored to change the day of the Sabbath? 2 Thess. 2:3, 4; Dan. 7:25.

Note – "The enemy of God and man (Satan) desired to erase the knowledge of the Creator from the minds of this earth's inhabitants. To do this he incited the 'Edict of Constantine.' March 7, 321 AD, when he instituted the first Sunday law (G.C. 682)." – God's Covenant, pp. 2, 3.

Question 8
When was the Sabbath fully restored? Jer. 31:31-33; 30:24; Rev. 11:19.

Note – "The Lord gave me the following view in 1847....I saw an angel flying swiftly to me. He quickly carried me from the earth to the holy city. In the city I saw a temple, which I entered. I passed through a door before I came to the first veil. This veil was raised, and I passed into the holy place....After viewing the glory of the holy, Jesus raised the second veil and I passed into the holy of holies. In the holiest I saw an ark....In the ark was the golden pot of manna, Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of stone, which folded together like a book. Jesus opened them, and I saw the ten commandments written on them with the finger of God. On one table were four, and on the other six. The four on the first table shone brighter than the other six. But the fourth, the Sabbath commandment, shone above them all; for the Sabbath was set apart to be kept in honor of God's holy name. The holy Sabbath looked glorious – a halo of glory was all around it. I saw that the Sabbath commandment was not nailed to the cross. If it was, the other nine commandments were; and we are at liberty to break them all, as well as to break the fourth. I saw that God had not changed the Sabbath, for He never changes." – Early Writings, pp. 32, 33.

Question 9

How, when and why should we observe it today? Ex. 20:8-11; Eccl. 12:13, 14; Rev. 22:14.


Note – "Great blessings are enfolded in the observance of the Sabbath, and God desires that the Sabbath day shall be to us a day of joy....As the Sabbath was the sign that distinguished Israel when they came out of Egypt to enter the earthly Canaan, so it is the sign that now distinguishes God's people as they come out from the world to enter the heavenly rest. The Sabbath is a sign of the relationship existing between God and His people, a sign that they honor His law. It distinguishes between His loyal subjects and transgressors." – Testimonies, Vol. 6, pp. 349, 350.

"All through the week we are to have the Sabbath in mind and be making preparation to keep it according to the commandment. We are not merely to observe the Sabbath as a legal matter. We are to understand its spiritual bearing upon all the transactions of life. All who regard the Sabbath as a sign between them and God, showing that He is the God who sanctifies them, will represent the principles of His government. They will bring into daily practice the laws of His kingdom....In all that pertains to the success of God's work, the very first victories are to be won in the home life. Here the preparation for the Sabbath must begin. Throughout the week let parents remember that their home is to be a school in which their children shall be prepared for the courts above. Let their words be right words. No words which their children should not hear are to escape their lips. Let the spirit be kept free from irritation. Parents, during the week live as in the sight of a holy God, who has given you children to train for Him. Train for Him the little church in your home, that on the Sabbath all may be prepared to worship in the Lord's sanctuary." – Ibid., pp. 353, 354.

"Many need instruction as to how they should appear in the assembly for worship on the Sabbath. They are not to enter the presence of God in the common clothing worn during the week. All should have a special Sabbath suit, to be worn when attending service in God's house....On Friday let the preparation for the Sabbath be completed. See that all the clothing is in readiness and that all the cooking is done. Let the boots be blacked and the baths be taken. It is possible to do this. If you make it a rule you can do it. The Sabbath is not to be given to the repairing of garments, to the cooking of food, to pleasure seeking, or to any other worldly employment. Before the setting of the sun let all secular work be laid aside and all secular papers be put out of sight....We should jealously guard the edges of the Sabbath….There is another work that should receive attention on the preparation day. On this day all differences between brethren, whether in the family or in the church, should be put away. Let all bitterness and wrath and malice be ex-


pelled from the soul....We should each Sabbath reckon with our souls to see whether the week that has ended has brought spiritual gain or loss." – Ibid., pp. 355, 356.

"Before the setting of the sun (on Friday) let the members of the family assemble to read God's word, to sing and pray....Let not the precious hours of the Sabbath be wasted in bed. On Sabbath morning the family should be astir early. If they arise late, there is confusion and bustle in preparing for breakfast and Sabbath school. There is hurrying, jostling, and impatience. Thus unholy feelings come into the home....We should not provide for the Sabbath a more liberal supply or a greater variety of food than for other days. Instead of this the food should be more simple, and less should be eaten, in order that the mind may be clear and vigorous to comprehend spiritual things. Overeating befogs the brain. The most precious words may be heard and not appreciated....By overeating on the Sabbath, many have done more than they think to dishonor God. While cooking upon the Sabbath should be avoided, it is not necessary to eat cold food. In cold weather let the food prepared the day before be heated." – Ibid., pp. 356, 357.

"When compelled to travel on the Sabbath we should try to avoid the company of those who would draw our attention to worldly things....Let none come to the place of worship to take a nap. There should be no sleeping in the house of God." – Ibid., pp. 360, 361.

"The Sabbath school and the meeting for worship occupy only a part of the Sabbath....In pleasant weather let parents walk with their children in the fields and groves. Amid the beautiful things of nature tell them the reason for the institution of the Sabbath....From time to time read with them the interesting stories in Bible history. Question as to what they have learned in the Sabbath school, and study with them the next Sabbath's lesson. As the sun goes down, let the voice of prayer and the hymn of praise mark the close of the sacred hours and invite God's presence through the cares of the week of labor." – Ibid., pp. 358, 359.

"A life in Christ is a life of restfulness." – Steps to Christ, page 70.


Lesson 8


Memory Gem

"And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thins eyes, that the Lord's law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the Lord brought thee out of Egypt." – Ex. 13:9.


"Again the people were reminded of the sacred obligation of the Sabbath. Yearly feasts were appointed, at which all the men of the nation were to assemble before the Lord, bringing to him their offerings of gratitude....These laws were to be recorded by Moses, and carefully treasured as the foundation of the national law, and with the ten precepts which they were given to illustrate, the condition of the fulfillment of God's promises to Israel." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 311.


Question 1
What was the second feast written by Moses in the law? Lev. 23:5.

Note – "There were three annual assemblies of all Israel for worship at


the sanctuary. Shiloh was for a time the place of these gatherings; but Jerusalem afterward became the center of the nation's worship, and here the tribes convened for the solemn feasts....The first of these festivals, the Passover...occurred in Abib, the first month of the Jewish year, corresponding to the last of March and the beginning of April. The cold of winter was past, the latter rain had ended, and all nature rejoiced in the freshness and beauty of the springtime." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 537.

Question 2
When was it first instituted? Ex. 12:1-14.

Question 3
How often was it to be kept? Ex. 12:14, 17 last part.

Note – "In commemoration of this great deliverance, a feast was to be observed yearly by the people of Israel in all future generations. 'This day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance forever.' As they should keep the feast in future years, they were to repeat to their children the story of this great deliverance, as Moses bade them: 'Ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord's Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses." – Ibid., p. 274.

Question 4
What special significance did this feast have? Deut. 16:1-3.

Note – "On the fourteenth day of the month (Abib), at even, the Passover was celebrated, its solemn, impressive ceremonies commemorating the deliverance from bondage in Egypt, and pointing forward to the sacrifice that should deliver from the bondage of sin." – Ibid., p. 539.

"The slaying of the Passover lamb was a shadow of the death of Christ." – Great Controversy, p. 399.

Question 5
What change was made by Christ? Luke 22:15-20, 29, 30.

Note – "These types were fulfilled, not only as to the event, but as to the time. On the fourteenth day of the first Jewish month, the very day and month on which, for fifteen long centuries, the Passover lamb had been slain, Christ, having eaten the Passover with His disciples, instituted that feast which was to commemorate His own death as 'the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." – Ibid., p. 399.


"When the Saviour yielded up his life on Calvary, the significance of the Passover ceased, and the ordinance of the Lord's Supper was instituted as a memorial of the same event of which the Passover had been a type." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 539.

"In the place of the national festival which the Jewish people had observed, He instituted a memorial service, the ordinance of feet washing and the sacramental supper, to be observed through all time by His followers in every country. These should ever repeat Christ's act, that all may see that true service calls for unselfish ministry." – Signs of the Times, May 16, 1900. Quoted in Evangelism, pp. 275, 276.

Question 6
How has the devil endeavored to hide this memorial? Dan. 7:25.

Note – "Pagan feasts (worshiping the created) have been substituted for God's Feast Days which point to the Creator of All things – Sunday, in honor of the Sun instead of the seventh-day Sabbath honoring the Creator; Easter, honoring the Goddess of Spring instead of the Passover which points to the sacrifice of the Lamb of God – all these are designed to take away the knowledge of creation and the redemption of man through the shed blood of the Son of God." – Our Passover Lamb, p. 2. (Parenthesis belongs to quote)

Question 7
When, and for what purpose was this feast restored? Nah. 1:15.

Note – "The Lord's Supper being one of the solemn feasts, it will be celebrated next in the time when the wicked are no more to pass through the church." – The Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, Nos. 6, 7, p. 12.

"The Lord's Supper was ordained in remembrance of the Lord's sacrifice, not to cleanse the partakers of it from their sins but to cleanse them from sinners, as is seen from the Passover in Egypt and from the fact that thereafter Judas no longer walked with the disciples." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 3, revised, pp. 3, 4.

Question 8

In what manner should we observe it today? Matt. 26:17-30; Luke 22:7-20; John 13:1-17; 1 Cor. 5:7, 8; 11:23-30.

Note – "...the Communion service was not to be a season of sorrowing. This was not its purpose. As the Lord's disciples gather about His table, they are not to remember and lament their shortcomings. They are not to


dwell upon their past religious experience, whether that experience has been elevating or depressing. They are not to recall the differences between them and their brethren. The preparatory service has embraced all this. The self examination, the confession of sin, the reconciling of differences, has all been done. Now they come to meet with Christ. They are not to stand in the shadow of the cross, but in its saving light. They are to open the soul to the bright beams of the Sun of Righteousness." – The Desire of Ages, p. 659.

Lesson 9


Memory Gem

"The sacred statutes which Satan has hated and sought to destroy, will be honored throughout a sinless universe." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 342.


"The Passover was followed by the seven days' feast of unleavened bread. The first and the seventh day were days of holy convocation, when no servile work was to be performed. On the second day of the feast, the first-fruits of the year's harvest were presented before God." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 539.


Question 1
What harvest feast began with the Passover? Lev. 23:4-8.

Question 2

What special ceremony took place at this feast? Lev. 23:10-14; Ex. 23:19 first part.

Note – "For more than a thousand years this symbolic ceremony had been performed. From the harvest fields the first heads of ripened grain were gathered, and when the people went up to Jerusalem to the Passover, the sheaf of first fruits was waved as a thank offering before the Lord. Not until this was presented could the sickle be put to the grain, and it be gathered into sheaves." – The Desire of Ages, p. 786.

"Barley was the earliest grain in Palestine, and at the opening of the feast it was beginning to ripen. A sheaf of this grain was waved by the priest before the altar of God, as an acknowledgment that all was his. Not until this ceremony had been performed was the harvest to be gathered." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 539.

Question 3
What did this wave-sheaf represent?

Answer – "The sheaf dedicated to God represented the harvest." – The Desire of Ages, p. 786.

"Being of cut stalks of grain, the wave-sheaf signified fruits to be harvested. And as the sheaf was to be offered before the sickle was put to the grain and gathered into sheaves, it obviously pointed forward to a spiritual harvest of first fruits to be gathered." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract 3, p. 76.

Question 4

Who were first called to be the antitypical wave-sheaf and keep God's feasts in our day? Nah. 1:15.

Note – "This Association shall be known provisionally as The Davidian Seventh-day Adventists (Judah) purports itself to be the FIRST of the first fruits (WAVE-SHEAF) of the living, the vanguard from among the present-day descendants of those Jews who composed the Early Christian Church." – The Leviticus of The Davidian Seventh-Day Adventists, p. 3.

Question 5
What will the emergence of this wave-sheaf signify?


Note – "With the emergence of this vanguard (first of the first fruits – wave-sheaf) and its army, the first fruits, from which are elected the 12,000 out of each of the twelve tribes of Jacob, the 144,000...who stand on Mount Zion with the Lamb...the reign of antitypical David begins." – Ibid., p. 3.

Question 6
What must we do in order to get into the kingdom? 2 Chron. 20:20; Nah. 1:15.

Note – "Here you see that the announcement of this long-expected event is to be made by someone's publications. Moreover, he publishes peace and thus announces the restoration of the Kingdom. This is the only peace that the world can have. There is to be no other. Those who keep God's solemn 'feasts' and perform their vows shall have this peace. None others shall." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 42, p. 41.

"If such are not willing whole-heartedly to accept an Inspired message today, would they have accepted the Baptist's message, Christ's, or the apostles'? No, indeed not, regardless of their profession. And if they will not submit themselves to Inspiration, how will they ever know the truth? And how will they ever get into the Kingdom? For the Bible says: 'Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but He revealeth His secret unto His servants the prophets.' 'By a prophet the Lord brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved.' 'Believe in the Lord your God, so shall ye be established; believe His prophets, so shall ye prosper.' Amos 3:7; Hos. 12:13; 2 Chron. 20:20." – The Answerer, Book 3, p. 34.

Question 7
Who are being called to keep the feasts now? Eze. 37:16-28; 2 Chron. 30:5.

Note – "Calling all Davidians, Adventists and Reformers (12 tribes)…We cannot too strongly urge each one, as rapidly as possible, to lay plans for Passover services and days of unleavened bread..." – Calling All Davidians, Adventists and Reformers Branch Letter, March 10, 1965, p. 1.

Question 8

What preparation must be made before keeping this feast? Ex. 12:15; Lev. 23:14; 1 Cor. 5:7, 8.

Note – "The lamb was to be eaten with bitter herbs, as pointing back to the bitterness of the bondage in Egypt. So when we feed upon Christ, it should be with contrition of heart, because of our sins. The use of unleavened bread also was significant. It was expressly enjoined in the law of the Pass-


over, and as strictly observed by the Jews in their practice, that no leaven should be found in their houses during the feast. In like manner the leaven of sin must be put away from all who would receive life and nourishment from Christ." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 278.

"Remember, unless all leaven is out of your house, you are not prepared to partake of the Passover supper. All such articles as sauerkraut, cheese (including cottage cheese), butter-milk, sour-cream butter, salad dressings containing vinegar, soya butter, yeast, soda, baking powder etc., contain leaven and must be out of our houses before sundown on Abib 14....Dry beans, peas and all grains are not to be eaten, but may remain in the house unless they are cooked. When cooked, these articles become leavened within a short period of time." – Benjamin Roden.

Lesson 10


Memory Gem

"My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments: For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee." – Prov. 3:1, 2.



"...both...cleansings (of the temple, by Christ) took place at the feast of the Passover...thereby is typified the purification of the church in two sections, thus showing still again that there are two gatherings, two sealings, two separations, two companies – first fruits and second fruits." – Mount Sion at the Eleventh Hour, Tract 8, p. 28.


Question 1

At what time was the Passover to be kept? Ex. 12:2; Lev. 23:5; Num. 9:2-5; Deut. 6:1.

Note – "...the Passover, the feast of unleavened bread, occurred in Abib, the first month of the Jewish year, corresponding to the last of March and the beginning of April." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p 537.

Question 2

Who only were to partake of this Passover? Ex. 12:43-47; Num. 9:6; John 18:28.

Note – "After condemning Jesus, the council of the Sanhedrin had come to Pilate to have the sentence confirmed and executed. But these Jewish officials would not enter the Roman judgment hall. According to their ceremonial law they would be defiled thereby, and thus prevented from taking part in the feast of the Passover." – The Desire of Ages, p. 723.

Question 3

What merciful provision was made for those who were not able to partake of the first Passover? Num. 9:6-12.

Note – "…all who 'had not sanctified themselves sufficiently' (2 Chron. 30:3; Ex. 12:3-6) were forbidden to participate in the Passover in the first month, but were permitted to prepare for it and to celebrate it in the second month (Num. 9:11; 2 Chron. 30:13)..." – Mount Sion At 'The Eleventh Hour,' Tract 8, p. 28. (Parentheses belong to quotation)

Question 4
What other record do we have of a second Passover? 2 Chron. 30:1-27.

Note – "In the third year of Hoshea's reign, good King Hezekiah began to rule in Judah, and as speedily as possible instituted important reforms in the temple service at Jerusalem. A Passover celebration was arranged for,


and to this feast were invited not only the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, over which Hezekiah had been anointed king, but all the northern tribes as well. A proclamation was sounded throughout all Israel, from Beersheba even to Dan, that they should come to keep the Passover unto the Lord God of Israel at Jerusalem: for they had not done it of a long time in such sort as it was written." – Prophets and Kings, p. 288.

"In his zeal to make the temple services a real blessing to the people, Hezekiah determined to revive the ancient custom of gathering the Israelites together for the celebration of the Passover feast. For many years the Passover had not been observed as a national festival. The division of the kingdom after the close of Solomon's reign had made this seem impracticable....By royal couriers the invitation to the Passover at Jerusalem was heralded far and wide, 'from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh even unto Zebulun.' The bearers of the gracious invitation were usually repulsed…In the land of Judah the response was very general; for upon them was 'the hand of God,' 'to give them one heart to do the commandment of the king...'a command in accord with the will of God as revealed through His prophets...The occasion was one of the greatest profit to the multitudes assembled...On the appointed day the Passover was observed; and the week was spent by the people in offering peace offerings and in learning what God would have them do." – Ibid., pp. 335-337.

Question 5

What penalty was given to those lax in keeping the Passover? Num. 9:13; 2 Kings 18:11, 12; Heb. 10:26.

Note – "The destruction that befell the northern kingdom was a direct judgment from Heaven. The Assyrians were merely the instruments that God used to carry out His purpose...Grievously had the children of Israel 'sinned against the Lord their God,...and wrought wicked things.' 'They would not hear, but...rejected His statutes, and His covenant that He made with their fathers, and His testimonies which He testified against them.'...In the terrible judgments brought upon the ten tribes the Lord had a wise and merciful purpose. That which He could no longer do through them in the land of their fathers He would seek to accomplish by scattering them among the heathen." – Ibid., pp. 291, 292.

Question 6

What two important events coincide with the time of the two Passovers? Gen. 7:1-24; 8:1-14; Matt. 26:17-30, 47-57; 27:1, 2, 29-35, 57-60; 28:1-7; Acts 1:9-11.


Note – "There is a remarkable coincidence between the flood and the Passover week; also in connection with the crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension of Christ….As Christ was crucified, buried, and resurrected within the Passover week, the weekly cycle and the monthly calendar coincide as follows: The tenth day in which the lamb was to be taken from the flock, fell on the seventh-day Sabbath that year; which coincided with the day of the week and the month of Noah's first day of confinement in the ark. In the end of the fourteenth day of the month after Christ had observed the feast of the Passover lamb, He was taken before the priests; died on Friday the sixteenth day of the month, was buried at the commencement of the seventeenth (Sabbath), which coincides with the commencement of the flood, and was resurrected on the eighteenth – Sunday. As He ascended on high forty days afterwards, it fell on Thursday the twenty-seventh day of the second month being the same day of the week, as that which followed the forty days of rain....The Passover lamb being separated from the flock on the tenth day, coincides with the separation of the righteous from the wicked in the antediluvian world. The day of Christ's burial coincides with the day of the commencement of the flood...and His ascension with the day after the rain ceased....These coincidences are perfect with the day of the week and of the month; but the one is a month earlier in the season than the other; the Passover being in the first month, and the flood in the second." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, pp. 254, 255. (Parenthesis belongs to quotation)

"The means in our possession may not seem to be sufficient for the work; but if we move forward in faith, believing in the all-sufficient power of God, abundant resources will open before us."



Lesson 11


Memory Gem

"Honour the Lord with thy substance, and with the first fruits of all thine increase." – Prov. 3:9.


"When we bring our hearts into unity with Christ, and our lives into harmony with His work, the Spirit that fell on the disciples on the Day of Pentecost will fall on us." – Testimonies, Vol. 8, p. 246.

"By prayer and confession of sin we must clear the King's highway. As we do this, the power of the Spirit will come to us. We need the Pentecostal energy. This will come, for the Lord has promised to send His Spirit as the all-conquering power. Perilous times are before us. Everyone who has a knowledge of the truth should awake and place himself, body, soul, and spirit, under the discipline of God....We must follow the directions given through the spirit of prophecy. We must love and obey the truth for this time. This will save us from accepting strong delusions....The warnings that have been given, line upon line, precept upon precept, should be heeded." – Ibid., pp. 297, 298.



Question 1

At what time were the Israelites to observe Pentecost? Ex. 23:16; 34:22; Lev. 23:15, 16, 21; Num. 28:26; Deut. 16:9-12.

Note – "Fifty days from the offering of first-fruits, came the Pentecost, called also the feast of harvest and the feast of weeks. As an expression of gratitude for the grain prepared as food, two loaves baked with leaven were presented before God. The Pentecost occupied but one day, which was devoted to religious service." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 540.

Question 2
What were they to do on this day? Lev. 23:17-20; Num. 28:27-31; Deut. 26:2.

Question 3
What spiritual significance did the wave-loaf ceremony have? Lev. 23:17.

Note – "Illustrating our salvation in completeness the harvest rites of the ceremonial system must therefore corroborate both the testimonies of the prophets and the parables concerning the harvest, for all are inextricably bound up together. The ceremonies of the first and the second fruits of grain must accordingly unfold the truth concerning the first and second fruits of humanity." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract 3, p. 75.

Question 4

How were the disciples blessed when they kept the Pentecost after the crucifixion? Acts 2:1-8, 41-47.

"….on the Day of Pentecost the promised Comforter descended, and the power from on high was given, and the souls of the believers thrilled with the conscious presence of their ascended Lord..." – Great Controversy, p. 351.

"Just as Christ arose on the very day the sheaf was to be offered, likewise the Holy Spirit fell upon the 120 disciples on the very day the wave-loaves were to be presented before the Lord. The apostolic Pentecost was accordingly the prototype of the ceremonial Pentecost (the day the wave-loaves were offered). And since the wave-sheaf was a figure of Christ and of those who arose with Him as the first of the first fruits of the dead, hence the wave-loaves were a figure of the 120 Spirit-filled disciples who were the full complement of first fruits of the dead, and who were gathered in after the resurrection." – The Judgment arid the Harvest, Tract 3, p. 80. (Paren. belong to quotation)

Question 5
What important event was signalized by the outpouring of 120? Acts 2:1-4.


Note – "Christ's ascension to heaven was the signal that His followers were to receive the promised blessing. For this they were to wait before they entered upon their work. When Christ passed within the heavenly gates, He was enthroned amidst the adoration of the angels. As soon as this ceremony was completed, the Holy Spirit descended upon the disciples in rich currents, and Christ was indeed glorified, even with the glory which He had with the Father from all eternity. The Pentecostal outpouring was Heaven's communication that the Redeemer's inauguration was accomplished. According to His promise He had sent the Holy Spirit from heaven to His followers, as a token that He had, as priest and king, received all authority in heaven and on earth, and was the Anointed One over His people." – The Acts of the Apostles, pp. 38, 39.

"…after Christ's ascension His enthronement in His mediatorial kingdom was signalized by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. On the day of Pentecost the Spirit was given." – Christ's Object Lessons, p. 120.

"Pentecost is 'crowning time' (Coronation Day)." – Crowned in the Wilderness, p. 4.

Question 6

How is this borne out in the anointing and crowning of Saul, Israel's first king? 1 Sam. 8:1-22; 9:1-27; 10:1-27; 11:1-15; 12:1-25.

Note – "Saul was the son of a powerful and wealthy chief, yet in accordance with the simplicity of the times, he was engaged with his father in the humble duties of a husbandman. Some of his father's animals having strayed upon the mountains, Saul went with a servant to seek for them. For three days they searched in vain, when, as they were not far from Ramah, the home of Samuel, the servant proposed that they should enquire of the prophet concerning the missing property....At the gate of the city, Saul was met by the prophet himself. God had revealed to Samuel that at that time the chosen king of Israel would present himself before him. As they now stood face to face, the Lord said to Samuel, 'Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reign over my people.' To the request of Saul, 'Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is,' Samuel replied, 'I am the seer.' Assuring him also that the lost animals had been found, he urged him to tarry and attend the feast, at the same time giving some intimation of the great destiny before the prophet's direction, the place of honor


was given to Saul, and at the feast the choicest portion was set before him. The services over, Samuel took his guest to his own home, and there upon the housetop he communed with him, setting forth the great principles on which the government of Israel had been established, and thus seeking to prepare him, in some measure, for his high station. When Saul departed, early next morning, the prophet went forth with him. Having passed through the town, he directed the servant to go forward. Then he bade Saul stand still to receive a message sent him from God. 'And Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because Jehovah hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance?' As evidence that this was done by divine authority, he foretold the incidents that would occur on the homeward journey....As Saul went on his way, all came to pass as the prophet had said....In the plain of Tabor he met three men who were going to worship God at Bethel. One of them carried three kids for sacrifice (Lev. 23:19), another three loaves of bread (Lev. 23:11), and the third a bottle of wine (Num. 28:31), for the sacrificial feast. They gave Saul the usual salutation, and also presented him with two of the three loaves of bread." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pp. 608-610.

"Samuel now proposed that a national assembly should be convoked at Gilgal, that the kingdom might there be publicly confirmed to Saul...Upon this plain...stood Samuel and Saul; and when the shouts of welcome to the king had died away, the aged prophet gave his parting words as ruler of the nation...'Now therefore,' continued Samuel, 'stand and see this great thing, which the Lord will do before your eyes. Is it not wheat harvest today? I will call unto the Lord, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the Lord, in asking you a king. So Samuel called unto the Lord; and the Lord sent thunder and rain that day.' At the time of wheat harvest, in May and June (Pentecost), no rain fell in the East. The sky was cloudless, and the air serene and mild. So violent a storm at this season filled all hearts fear." – Ibid., pp. 613-615.

Question 7
To what can we look forward if we keep this feast? Joel 2:28.

Note – "This prophecy of Joel, which speaks of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in the last days, was not all fulfilled at the beginning of the gospel dispensation. This is evident from the wonders in heaven and in earth, introduced in this text, which were to be precursors of 'the great and the terrible day of the Lord. '....The whole gospel dispensation may be called the last days, but to say that the last days are all 1800 years in the past, is absurd. They reach to the day of the Lord, and to the deliverance of the


remnant of God's people: 'For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the Lord hath said, and in the remnant whom the Lord shall call.'" – Early Writings, p. 142.

"I saw that this message will close with power and strength far exceeding the midnight cry." – Ibid., p. 278.

"The work will be similar to that of the Day of Pentecost,...The great work of the gospel is not to close with less manifestation of the power of God than marked its opening." – Great Controversy, p. 611.

"The time is coming when there will be as many converted in a day as there were on the day of Pentecost, after the disciples had received the Holy Spirit." – Review and Herald, June 29, 1905.

Question 8

What preparation must we do to receive the outpouring? Lev. 23:15-21. See Introduction.

Note – "Those who keep the Feast-day of the Pentecost will be in God's favor and receive the Pentecostal outpouring as soon as the church, through obedience to the Truth, brings herself into harmony with the work of our High Priest on this vital point. The Truth reveals that God will give the power of His Spirit on the very day of Pentecost. In this way He will distinguish His true followers, from those who receive the false power by Satan." – God's Holy Feasts, p. 11. (1974 Reprint)

"There is yet much precious truth to be revealed to the people in this time of peril and darkness, but it is Satan's determined purpose to prevent the light of truth from shining into the hearts of men....Precious truths that have long been in obscurity are to be revealed in a light that will make manifest their sacred worth; for God will glorify his Word, that it may appear in a light in which we have never before beheld it." – Testimonies on Sabbath School Work, p. 62; Counsels on Sabbath School Work, p. 25.


Lesson 12


Memory Gem

"In the time of the end, every divine institution is to be restored." – Prophets and Kings, p. 678.


"The subject of the sanctuary was the key which unlocked the mystery of the disappointment of 1844. It opened to view a complete system of truth, connected and harmonious, showing that God's hand had directed the great Advent movement, and revealing present duty as it brought to light the position and work of his people....Light from the sanctuary illuminated the past, present, and the future....Both the prophecy of Dan. 8:14...and the first angel's message...pointed to Christ's ministration in the most holy place, to the investigative judgment..." – Great Controversy, pp. 423, 424.


Question 1

What important feast fell on the tenth day of the seventh month? Lev. 23:27; 16:30; Num. 29:7.


Question 2
What took place on this day? Ex. 30:10; Lev. 16:1-34.

Note – "Once a year, on the great day of atonement, the priest entered the most holy place for the cleansing of the sanctuary. The work there performed, completed the yearly round of ministration. On the day of atonement, two kids of the goats were brought to the door of the tabernacle, and lots were cast upon them, 'one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scape-goat.' The goat upon which the first lot fell was to be slain as a sin-offering for the people. And the priest was to bring his blood within the veil, and sprinkle it upon the mercy-seat....Every man was to afflict his soul while the work of atonement was going forward. All business was laid aside, and the whole congregation of Israel spent the day in solemn humiliation before God, with prayer, fasting, and deep searching of heart." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 355.

Question 3
What solemn lesson was taught at this time?

Answer – "In the sin-offerings presented during the year, a substitute had been accepted in the sinner's stead; but the blood of the victim had not made full atonement for the sin. It had only provided a means by which the sin was transferred to the sanctuary. By the offering of blood, the sinner acknowledged the authority of the law, confessed the guilt of his transgression, and expressed his faith in Him who was to take away the sin of the world; but he was not entirely released from the condemnation of the law. On the day of atonement the high priest, having taken an offering for the congregation, went into the most holy place with the blood, and sprinkled it upon the mercy-seat, above the tables of the law. Thus the claims of the law, which demanded the life of the sinner, were satisfied. Then in his character of mediator the priest took the sins upon himself, and leaving the sanctuary, he bore with him the burden of Israel's guilt. At the door of the tabernacle he laid his hands upon the head of the scape-goat, and confessed over him 'all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat.' And as the goat bearing these sins was sent away, they were with him regarded as forever separated from the people. Such was the service performed 'unto the example and shadow of heavenly things. '...The blood of Christ, while it was to release the repentant sinner from the condemnation of the law, was not to cancel the sin; it would stand on record in the sanctuary until the final atonement; so in the type the blood of the sin-offering removed the sin from the penitent, but it rested in the sanctuary until the day of atonement. In the great day of final award, the dead are to be 'judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.'" – Ibid., pp. 355-357.


Question 4
What important work began Oct. 22, 1844? Rev. 14:6, 7. See Introduction.

Question 5

In what two phases is the Judgment? Rev. 14:6-15; 1 Pet. 4:17; Rev. 14:16, 17; 18:1, 2; 14:18; 18:1-4.

Note – "The judgment is now passing in the sanctuary above. For many years this work has been in progress. Soon – none know how soon it will pass to the cases of the living." – Great Controversy, p. 490.

"When the judgment opened in 1844...the investigation began with the dead, and when that part of the work is finished, then commences the judgment of the living....when our High Priest shall begin the atonement for the living, there must be a message of present truth – sounding of the trumpet – urging every one to lay hold on the Lamb of God (Christ) by which only, can he in figure, come to the sanctuary, confess his sin and secure his life. Unless the close of the judgment for the dead and the commencement for the living be made known to us, we would have no present truth while the judgment for the living is in session. Neither would such judgment be legal or just." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, p. 164. (Paren. belong)

"If God so faithfully revealed to the living the commencement of the judgment for the dead, it cannot be possible that He would keep secret the time of the judgment for the living....Therefore, a revelation of the judgment for the living, is of as great importance as the revelation of the gospel itself. For the judgment (blotting out the sins) is the crowning act in the gospel of Christ." – Ibid., p. 220. (Parenthesis belong to quotation)

Question 6

Who brings the knowledge that the Judgment is passing to the living? Zech. 3:8, 9.

Note – "Zechariah's vision of Joshua and the Angel applies with peculiar force to the experience of God's people in the closing up of the great day of atonement." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, p. 472.

"The work of Christ as man's intercessor is presented in that beautiful prophecy of Zechariah concerning Him 'whose name is the Branch." – Great Controversy, p. 415.

"Who is to bring this revival and reformation, this great change? – The Branch….Here is seen an organization having a Leader and an under


leader – the Lord and do we know for certain that this message was planned and recorded especially for the church of today? – We know it from the fact that the revelation of these scriptures is now, never before, unveiled and proclaimed. Now its proclamation makes known that the Lord 'is taking the reins in His Own hands' (Testimonies to Ministers, p. 300); that the time of the purification of the church (the judgment of the Living in the house of God – 1 Pet. 4:17) is at hand (Testimonies, Vol. 5, p. 80)..." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8 (Revised), pp. 24-27. (Paren. belong to quotation)

Question 7
In view of this what are we counseled to do? Nah. 1:15.

Lesson 13


Memory Gem

"These statutes were explicitly given to guard the ten commandments. They were not shadowy types to pass away with the death of Christ. They were to be binding upon man in every age as long as time should last." – Review and Herald, May 6, 1875.



"It (the Feast of Tabernacles) was the crowning festal gathering of the year. The land had yielded its increase, the harvests had been gathered into the granaries, the fruits, the oil, and the wine had been stored, the first-fruits had been reserved, and now the people came with their tributes of thanksgiving to God, who had thus richly blessed them." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 540.


Question 1

What is God's appointed time for the Feast of Tabernacles? Ex. 23:16; Lev. 23:33-39; Deut. 16:13-17.

Note – "In the seventh month came the Feast of Tabernacles, or of ingathering. This feast acknowledged God's bounty in the products of the orchard, the olive grove, and the vineyard....This feast was to be pre-eminently an occasion of rejoicing. It occurred just after the great day of atonement, when the assurance had been given that their iniquity should be remembered no more. At peace with God, they now came before him to acknowledge his goodness, and to praise him for his mercy. The labors of the harvest being ended, and the toils of the new year not yet begun, the people were free from care, and could give themselves up to the sacred, joyous influences of the hour. Though only the fathers and sons were commanded to appear at the feasts, yet, so far as possible, all the household were to attend them, and to their hospitality the servants, the Levites, the stranger, and the poor were made welcome." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 540.

Question 2
What ceremony took place during the Feast? Ps. 122:1-9; Isa. 12:2, 3.

Note – "At the first dawn of day, the priests sounded a long, shrill blast upon their silver trumpets, and the answering trumpets, and the glad shouts of the people from their booths, echoing over hill and valley, welcomed the festal day. Then the priest dipped from the flowing waters of the Kedron a flagon of water, and, lifting it on high, while the trumpets were sounding, he ascended the broad steps of the temple, keeping time with the music with slow and measured tread, chanting meanwhile, 'Our feet shall stand within thy gates, O Jerusalem.' Ps. 122:2. He bore the flagon to the altar, which occupied a central position in the court of the priests. Here were two silver basins, with a priest standing at each one. The flagon of water was poured into one, and a flagon of wine into the other; and the contents of both flowed


into a pipe which communicated with the Kedron, and was conducted to the Dead Sea. This display of the consecrated water represented the fountain that at the command of God had gushed from the rock to quench the thirst of the children of Israel. Then the jubilant strains rang forth, 'The Lord Jehovah is my strength and my song;' 'therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.' Isa. 12:2, 3." – The Desire of Ages, pp. 448, 449.

Question 3

What were the Israelites required to do during the Feast and what did it commemorate? Lev. 23:40-43.

Note – "The Feast of Tabernacles was commemorative of the time when Israel lived in tents in the wilderness during their 40 years of wandering." – S.D.A. Bible Commentary, Vol. 1, pp. 805, 806.

"In commemoration of their tent life, the Israelites during the feast dwelt in booths or tabernacles of green boughs. These were erected in the streets, in the courts of the temple, or on the housetops. The hills and valleys surrounding Jerusalem were also dotted with these leafy dwellings, and seemed to be alive with people." – The Desire of Ages, p. 448.

Question 4
To what did the Feast point forward? Isa. 66:19, 20; Rev. 7:9.

Note – "'The Feast of Tabernacles was not only commemorative, but typical,...It celebrated the ingathering of the fruits of the earth, and pointed forward to the great day of final ingathering…' '…Plainly, therefore, since the first and the second fruits of the literal harvest and its attendant rites foreshadowed a spiritual harvest of first and second fruits, they are to be climaxed by the antitypical Feast of Tabernacles." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract 3, pp. 81, 82.

"It was prophetic of the time when the great ingathering of God's people shall take place, and 'many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the Kingdom of heaven' (Matt. 8:11)." – S.D.A. Bible Commentary, Vol. 1, p. 805. (Paren. belong)

Question 5
What prophecy is connected with this Feast? Zech. 14:16-19.

Note – "Verse 16....This sentence of Scripture emphatically implies that all who at that decisive moment refuse to be converted to the Lord, shall perish; only those who worship the Lord at Jerusalem on THE FEAST OF


TABERNACLES, shall be spared. Verse 17....The 'rain' will be withheld from all who do not then worship the King, the Lord of hosts, in order that they may fully realize their mistake. Moreover, not only those who shall fight against Jerusalem, but even all the families of the earth shall be thus sifted. Verse 18....If the drought fails to awaken them, then the plague will finally take them. Thus all who have not heard the MESSAGE will be given opportunity to hear it. If it cannot save them it will eventually destroy them....Verse 19….conceptions of the final work of the gospel." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 20, (Revised), pp. 13, 14.

Question 6
What should we do in order to escape the plague? Mal. 4:4; John 13:17.

Note – "In view of this, let us wholeheartedly do God's bidding (keep the feasts) and sincerely act out our faith in His never-failing Word." – Ibid., p. 15.

"Well would it be for the people of God AT THE PRESENT TIME to have a Feast of Tabernacles, – a joyous commemoration of the blessings of God to them. As the children of Israel celebrated the deliverance that God had wrought for their fathers, and his miraculous preservation of them during their journeyings from Egypt, so should we gratefully call to mind the various ways he has devised for bringing us out from the world, and from the darkness of error, into the precious light of his grace and truth." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pp. 540, 541.

"God gave directions to the Israelites to assemble before him at set periods, in the place which He should choose, and observe special days wherein no unnecessary work was to be done, but the time was to be devoted to a consideration of the blessings which He had bestowed upon them. At these special seasons they were to bring gifts, freewill offerings, and thank offerings unto the Lord, according as He had blessed them....And they were commanded not to appear before the Lord empty....The Lord covenanted that if they were faithful in the observance of His requirements, He would bless them in all their increase and in all the work of their hands. God requires NO LESS of His people IN THESE LAST DAYS....Let all who possibly can, attend these yearly gatherings. All should feel that God requires this of them. If they do not avail themselves of the privileges which He has provided that they may become strong in Him and in the power of His grace, they will grow weaker and weaker, and have less and less desire to consecrate all to God. Come, brethren and sisters, to these sacred convocation meetings, to find Jesus. He will come up to the feast. He will be present, and He will do for you that


which you most need to have done. Your farms (homes, jobs, businesses etc.) should not be considered of greater value than the higher interests of the soul. A strong, clear sense of eternal things, and a heart willing to yield all to Christ, are blessings of more value than all the riches and pleasures and glories of this world." – Testimonies, Vol. 2, pp. 573-576.

Lesson 14


Memory Gem

"Behold, I build an house in the name of the Lord my God, to dedicate it to him,and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual shewbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the Lord our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel." – 2 Chron. 2:4.


"…the All-knowing One, He who created the heavenly bodies and knows the very moment He set them in motion to govern the day, the month, and the year, decreed that the holy feasts be observed in the very month and on the very day on which they were first ordained. And


He appointed the 'lights in the firmament...for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years' (Gen. 1:14), by the movements of which He fixed each solar and each lunar date, so that it could never be lost sight of." – The Answerer, Book 3, pp. 9, 10. (Paren. belong)


Question 1

What laws governed the keeping of the new moon sabbaths? Num. 10:10; 28:11; Eze. 46:1-6; 45:17, 18; 1 Chron. 23:31; 2 Chron. 2:4; 31:3.

Question 2

What examples are given in the scriptures for keeping the new moon sabbaths? 1 Sam. 20:5-24; 2 Kings 4:18-23; Ezra 3:1-5; Neh. 10:32, 33; Ps. 81:5; Prov. 7:19, 20 margin.

Question 3

Because of Israel's backsliding what did God say? Amos 8:5; Isa. 1:13, 14; Hos. 2:11; 4:6.

Note – "Just as God chastened her in olden time by permitting Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, to abolish the ceremonial system by destroying ancient Jerusalem and its temple, just so did He chasten her in the Christian era by permitting Rome to gain control over her and to supplant her true religious system by a counterfeit – a pagan priesthood and a pagan sabbath. Then was His word fulfilled: 'I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.' Since these ordinances (her feast days, her sabbaths, etc.) were part of 'a compacted prophecy of the gospel, a presentation in which were bound up the promises of redemption' (The Acts of the Apostles, p. 14), and since Hosea's symbolization has brought us into the Christian era, the ceasing of the ordinances therefore typifies Rome's supplanting the TRUTH." – The Latest News for "Mother," Tract 4, pp. 25, 26. (Parentheses belong to quotation)

"'Is this the end?' the surviving Jews must have asked themselves in the year 135. Five hundred and eighty thousand men are said to have been killed in battle alone. Tens of thousands more must have fallen before the relentless destruction carried out by the Romans. The slave markets were again glutted with Jewish captives. Judea lay desolate, and the Jewish people were in mourning....Hadrian decided that this must be the end....He forbade


circumcision, the observance of the Sabbath, and the fixation of the calendar (the new moons) which was so important for the celebration of the holidays." – A History of the Jews – by Solomon Grayzel, p. 184.

Question 4

How had the early Christians known when to keep the feasts up to that time? Matt. 23:1-4.

Note – "In the days of the Temple the calendar used to be announced by the Sanhedrin. Later it was announced by the Patriarch and the Bet Din. The people did not have access to chronometric tables by which they could calculate seasons and dates; they were guided by these official announcements which the Patriarchs would transmit through emissaries dispatched to every point of the Diaspora. There were, however, a considerable number of Christians who also waited for the Patriarch's calendrical information. For a great many Christians still observed the holidays (feasts) common to Judaism and Christianity, especially the same time as the Jews, just as many of them observed the Jewish Sabbath rather than the Christian (Roman) Sunday. This dependence on Judaism irked the Christian (Roman) clergy, and about the middle of the fourth century they prevailed upon the Roman government to forbid the Patriarchs to send emissaries with such information." – Ibid., p. 217.

Question 5
What must we do now in order to be ready for the new earth? Isa. 66:23.

Note – "God teaches that we should assemble in His house (on the feast days) to cultivate the attributes of perfect love. This will fit the dwellers of earth for the mansions that Christ has gone to prepare for all who love Him. There they will assemble in the sanctuary from Sabbath to Sabbath, from one NEW MOON to another, to unite in loftiest strains of song, in praise and thanksgiving to Him who sits upon the throne, and to the Lamb forever and ever." – Testimonies, Vol. 6, p. 368.

"That the Sabbath and consequently all the other commandments are perpetual, to be kept even hereafter, anyone can easily see from the following scriptures: 'And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before Me, saith the Lord.' Isa. 66:23. And looking forward to the time of 'the great and dreadful day of the Lord,' the time just ahead of us, the Lord admonishes the people who will be living at that time: 'Remember ye the law of Moses My servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments.' Mal. 4:4....As therefore not only the Sabbath


but also the whole law is to be kept now and forever by both Jew and Gentile, faith does not do away with the law of God but rather establishes it forever, and enables one to keep it." – The Answerer, Book 3, pp. 88, 89.

Lesson 15


Memory Gem

"The Jews ordained...that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed time every year; And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed." – Esther 9:27, 28.


"Under the favor shown them by Cyrus, nearly fifty thousand of the children of the captivity had taken advantage of the decree permitting their return. These, however, in comparison with the hundreds of thousands scattered throughout the provinces of Medo-Persia, were but a mere remnant. The great majority of the


Israelites had chosen to remain in the land of their exile, rather than undergo the hardships of the return journey....During the long years of their exile He had given them many opportunities to return to their allegiance to Him. Some had chosen to listen and to learn; some had found salvation in the midst of affliction. Many of these were to be numbered among the remnant that should return. They were likened by Inspiration to 'the highest branch of the high cedar,' which was to be planted 'upon an high mountain and eminent; in the mountain of the height of Israel.'" – Prophets and Kings, pp. 598, 599.


Question 1

What set of circumstances were brought to bear upon those who refused to return to the Land of Promise? Esther 3:1-15; 4:1-3.

Note – "It was during his reign (Xerxes the Great – the Ahasuerus of the book of Esther) that those of the Jews who had failed of heeding the message to flee, were called upon to face a terrible crisis. Having refused to take advantage of the way of escape God had provided, now they were brought face to face with death. Through Haman the Agagite, an unscrupulous man high in authority in Medo-Persia, Satan worked at this time to counterwork the purposes of God....Haman plotted 'to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai,' …Satan himself, the hidden instigator of the scheme, was trying to rid the earth of those who preserved the knowledge of the true God." – Prophets and Kings, pp. 600, 601.

Question 2

How did God provide a remedy to this crisis? Esther 2:5-23; 4:4-17; 5:1-14; 6:1-14; 7:1-10; 8:1-17; 9:1-16.

Note – "The events that followed in rapid succession, – the appearance of Esther before the king, the marked favor shown her, the banquets of the king and queen with Haman as the only guest, the troubled sleep of the king, the public honor shown Mordecai, and the humiliation and fall of Haman upon the discovery of his wicked plot, – all these are parts of a familiar story. God wrought marvelously for His penitent people; and a counter decree issued by the king, allowing them to fight for their lives, was rapidly communicated to every part of the realm….And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them." – Ibid., p. 602.


Question 3
What feast resulted from this deliverance by God? Esther 9:17-23, 26-32.

Question 4
What similar circumstances face God's people today? Rev. 12:17; 13:11-18.

Note – "The trying experiences that came to God's people in the days of Esther were not peculiar to that age alone." – Ibid., p. 605.

"By the decree enforcing the institution of the papacy in violation of the law of God, our nation will disconnect herself fully from righteousness. When Protestantism shall stretch her hand across the gulf to grasp the hand of the Roman power, when she shall reach over the abyss to clasp hands with Spiritualism, when under the influence of this threefold union, our country shall repudiate every principle of its constitution as a Protestant and republican government, and shall make provision for the propagation of papal falsehoods and delusions, then we may know that the time has come for the marvelous working of Satan, and that the end is near....God has revealed what is to take place in the last days, that his people may be prepared to stand against the tempest of opposition and wrath. Those who have been warned of the events before them are not to sit in calm expectation of the coming storm, comforting themselves that the Lord will shelter his faithful ones in the day of trouble....The Sunday movement is now making its way in darkness. The leaders are concealing the true issue, and many who unite in the movement do not themselves see whither the undercurrent is tending. Its professions are mild, and apparently Christian, but when it shall speak it will reveal the spirit of the dragon. It is our duty to do all in our power to avert the threatened danger. We should endeavor to disarm prejudice by placing ourselves in a proper light before the people. We should bring before them the real question at issue, thus interposing the most effectual protest against measures to restrict liberty of conscience." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, pp. 451, 452.

"The decree that will finally go forth against the remnant people of God will be very similar to that issued by Ahasuerus against the Jews. To-day the enemies of the true church see in the little company keeping the Sabbath commandment, a Mordecai at the gate....Satan will arouse indignation against the minority who refuse to accept popular customs and traditions. Men of position and reputation will join with the lawless and the vile to take counsel against the people of God. Wealth, genius, education, will combine to cover them with contempt. Persecuting rulers, ministers, and church members will conspire against them. With voice and pen, by boasts, threats, and ridicule, they will seek to overthrow their faith. By false representations


and angry appeals, men will stir up the passions of the people. Not having a 'Thus saith the Scriptures' to bring against the advocates of the Bible Sabbath, they will resort to oppressive enactments to supply the lack. To secure popularity and patronage, legislators will yield to the demand for Sunday laws. But those who fear God, cannot accept an institution that violates a precept of the Decalogue. On this battle-field will be fought the last great conflict in the controversy between truth and error. And we are not left in doubt as to the issue. To-day, as in the days of Esther and Mordecai, the Lord will vindicate His truth and His people." – Prophets and Kings, pp. 605, 606.

Question 5
How many feasts have now been restored to God's people?

Answer – "...(1) not a seventh, but the seventh day of each week, the Sabbath; (2) the days from the fifteenth to the twenty-first day of the first month, the Passover week; (3) the fiftieth day after the sheaf of the first fruits was offered, the Pentecost; (4) the tenth day of the seventh month, the Atonement; (5) the days from the fifteenth to the twenty-first day of the same month, the Feast of Tabernacles; and (6) the feasts of the new moons [(7) the fourteenth and fifteenth day of the month Adar, the days of Purim, the feast of deliverance – seven feasts – complete.]." – The Answerer, Book 3, p. 9, [Brackets added]

REMEMBER what happened in Egypt, Medo-Persia and Germany. Will you wait for persecution to come here in the United States? Heed the Lord's invitation to return to the promised land now – while time still lasts – where the Sabbath and the other feasts can be kept in safety. Read Jer. 23:3; 32:37; Deut. 30:3; Isa. 11:1. "Go ye out." – Matt. 25:6.

"It is not possible for us to drift into heaven...If we do not strive to gain an entrance into the kingdom, if we do not seek earnestly to learn what constitutes its laws, we are not fitted for a part in it. Those who refuse to cooperate with God on earth would not cooperate with Him in heaven. It would not be safe to take them to heaven." – Christ's Object Lessons, p. 280.


Lesson 16


Memory Gem

"For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision." – Rom. 2:25.


"If man had kept the law of God, as given to Adam after his fall, preserved by Noah, and observed by Abraham, there would have been no necessity for the ordinance of circumcision. And if the descendants of Abraham had kept the covenant, of which circumcision was a sign, they would never have been seduced into idolatry, nor would it have been necessary for them to suffer a life of bondage in Egypt; they would have kept God's law in mind, and there would have been no necessity for it to be proclaimed from Sinai, or engraved upon the tables of stone." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 364.


Question 1

For what purpose was circumcision given to Abraham? Gen. 17:9-14; Acts 7:8; Rom. 4:11.


Note – "As men again departed from God, the Lord chose Abraham, of whom he declared, 'Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws,' To him was given the rite of circumcision, which was a sign that those who received it were devoted to the service of God, – a pledge that they would remain separate from idolatry, and would obey the law of God." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 363.

"…the rite of circumcision was given to Abraham as 'a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised.' It was to be observed by the patriarch and his descendants as a token that they were devoted to the service of God and thus separated from idolaters, and that God accepted them as his peculiar treasure. By this rite they were pledged to fulfill, on their part, the conditions of the covenant made with Abraham." – Ibid., p. 138.

Question 2
What law was given regarding this rite? Lev. 12:1-3; Ex. 12:48.

Question 3
What happened during the wilderness wandering? Josh. 5:5, 6.

Note – "For nearly forty years the children of Israel are lost to view in the obscurity of the desert....During these years the people were constantly reminded that they were under the divine rebuke. In the rebellion at Kadesh they had rejected God; and God had, for the time, rejected them. Since they had proved unfaithful to his covenant, they were not to receive the sign of the covenant, the rite of circumcision. Their desire to return to the land of slavery had shown them to be unworthy of freedom, and the ordinance of the Passover, instituted to commemorate the deliverance from bondage, was not to be observed." – Ibid., p. 406.

Question 4

In order for Israel to enter the Promised Land what two ceremonies had to be restored? Josh. 5:2-11.

Note – "A short distance from Jordan the Hebrews made their first encampment in Canaan. Here Joshua 'circumcised the children of Israel;' 'and the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover.' The suspension of the rite of circumcision since the rebellion at Kadesh had been a constant witness to Israel that their covenant with God, of which it was the appointed symbol, had been broken. And the discontinuance of the Passover, the memorial of their deliverance from Egypt, had been an evidence of the Lord's displeasure at their desire to return to the land of bondage. Now, how-


ever, the years of rejection were ended. Once more God acknowledged Israel as his people, and the sign of the covenant was restored. The rite of circumcision was performed upon all the people who had been born in the wilderness. And the Lord declared to Joshua, 'This day have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt from off you,' and in allusion to this the place of their encampment was called Gilgal, 'a rolling away,' or 'rolling off.'" – Ibid., pp. 485, 486.

Question 5
Of what advantage is circumcision? Rom. 3:1, 2.

Question 6

Why were the Gentile converts not required to be circumcised in the time of the apostles? Acts 15:13-29; 21:17-25; Gal. 2:3; Acts 1:6, 7; Dan. 2:44.

Note – "James presided at the council, and his final decision was, 'Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God. '....In this instance James seems to have been chosen as the one to announce the decision arrived at by the council. It was his sentence that the ceremonial law, and especially the ordinance of circumcision, should not be urged upon the Gentiles....The Gentile converts, however, were to give up the customs that were inconsistent with the principles of Christianity. The apostles and elders therefore agreed to instruct the Gentiles by letter to abstain from meats offered to idols, from fornication, from things strangled, and from blood (Ceremonial Laws). They were to be urged to keep the commandments, and to lead holy lives. They were also to be assured that the men who had declared circumcision to be binding (at that time) were not authorized to do so by the apostles." – The Acts of the Apostles, pp. 194, 195.

Question 7

What must we Israelites (Rev. 7:4-8) do in order to receive the kingdom today? Rom. 3:1, 2, 30, 31; 15:8; Jer. 4:4; Isa. 52:1; Eze. 44:9.

Note – "The Abrahamic covenant was ratified by the blood of Christ, and it is called the 'second,' or 'new' covenant, because the blood by which it was sealed was shed after the blood of the first covenant. That the new covenant was valid in the days of Abraham, is evident from the fact that it was then confirmed both by the promise and by the oath of God, – the 'two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie.'" – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 371.


"When the method pursued by Abraham is followed, then, and then only, can any one of us be justified; there is no other way. 'And if ye be Christ's then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.' (Gal. 3:29.) If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham.' (John 8:29)….'And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations. This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised....Having childlike faith in the Word, and doing all God has said, is the only sanctification and righteousness that is Christ's. Such are the children of Abraham, and to them is the promise. They openly declare that the blood of Christ has the power to save them from the bondage of sin, and from the condemnation of the law. They shall inherit the land for ever and ever. These are the Israel of God. There are no others, and this only is righteousness and sanctification by faith." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol.2, pp. 298-300. (Parentheses belong to quotation)

There Should Be No Hesitation to Meet Error

"Our brethren should be willing to investigate in a candid way every point of controversy. If a brother is teaching error, those who are in responsible positions ought to know it; and if he is teaching truth, they ought to take their stand at his side. We should all know what is being taught among us; for if it is truth, we need it. We are all under obligation to God to know what He sends us. He has given directions by which we may test every doctrine. 'To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.' If the light presented meets this test, we are not to refuse to accept it because it does not agree with our ideas." – Counsels to Writers and Editors, pp. 43, 44.


Lesson 17


Memory Gem

"Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it." – Mal. 3:10.


"The earth is the Lord's, and all the treasures it contains. The cattle upon a thousand hills are his. All the gold and silver belongs to him. He has intrusted his treasures to stewards, that with them they may advance his cause and glorify his name….The freewill offerings of the humble, contrite heart he will receive, and will reward the giver with the richest blessings." – Testimonies, Vol. 2, pp. 652, 653.


Question 1

What provision did God make for the support of His work? Lev. 27:30, 32; Eze. 44:30; Mal. 3:10.

Question 2

For what purpose was the tithe to be used? Num. 18:20, 21, 24; Deut. 12:17-19; Heb. 7:5.


Note – "In the Hebrew economy, one tenth of the income of the people was set apart to support the public worship of God....But the tithing system did not originate with the Hebrews. From the earliest times the Lord claimed a tithe as his; and this claim was recognized and honored. Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek, the priest of the most high God. Jacob, when at Bethel, an exile and a wanderer, promised the Lord, 'Of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.' As the Israelites were about to be established as a nation, the law of tithing was re-affirmed, as one of the divinely ordained statutes upon obedience to which their prosperity depended....The tithe was to be exclusively devoted to the use of the Levites, the tribe that had been set apart for the service of the sanctuary." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pp. 525, 526.

"The tithe is sacred, reserved by God for Himself. It is to be brought into His treasury to be used to sustain the gospel laborers in their work." – Testimonies, Vol. 9, p. 249.

Question 3
For what purpose was a second tithe used? Deut. 14:23, 29; 26:12.

Note – "To promote the assembling of the people for religious service, as well as to provide for the poor, a second tithe of all the increase was required....This tithe, or its equivalent in money, they were for two years to bring to the place where the sanctuary was established. After presenting a thank-offering to God, and a specified portion to the priest, the offerers were to use the remainder for a religious feast, in which the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow should participate. Thus provision was made for the thank-offerings and feasts at the yearly festivals, and the people were drawn to the society of the priests and Levites, that they might receive instruction and encouragement in the service of God. Every third year, however, this second tithe was to be used at home, in entertaining the Levite and the poor, as Moses said, 'That they may eat within thy gates, and be filled.' This tithe would provide a fund for the uses of charity and hospitality." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 530.

"…the second tithe, while on a more voluntary basis than the first, is just as important, and is actually a divinely ordained, long-range contribution to one's own the Association grows and expands, the use of the second tithe is likewise widening. In the first place, it now takes care of that part of the Educational work for which the first tithe cannot legitimately


be used. And in the second place, it takes care of the needs of the worthy poor." – The Answerer, Book 4, pp. 62, 63.

Question 4

Besides the tithes what else does God require? Ex. 25:2; Leviticus Chapters 1-9; Eze. 20:40.

Note – "When we speak of the tithe as the standard of the Jewish contributions to religious purposes, we do not speak understandingly. The Lord kept His claims paramount, and in almost every article they were reminded of the Giver by being required to make returns to Him. They were required to pay a ransom for their firstborn son, for the first fruits of their flocks, and for the first gathering of the harvest. They were required to leave the corners of their harvest fields for the destitute. Whatever dropped from their hands in reaping was left for the poor, and once in every seven years their lands were allowed to produce spontaneously for the needy. Then there were the sacrificial offerings, the trespass offerings, the sin offerings, and the remission of all debts every seventh year. There were also numerous expenses for hospitalities and gifts to the poor, and there were assessments upon their property. At stated periods, in order to preserve the integrity of the law, the people were interviewed as to whether they had faithfully performed their vows or not. A conscientious few made returns to God of about one third of all their income for the benefit of religious interests and for the poor. These exactions were not from a particular class of the people, but from all, the requirement being proportioned according to the amount possessed. Besides all these systematic and regular donations there were special objects calling for freewill offerings....These drafts were made by God upon the people for their own good, as well as to sustain his service." – Testimonies, Vol. 4, pp. 467, 468.

Question 5

At what times are our gifts to be brought to the storehouse? Ex. 23:14-25; Lev. 23; 2 Chron. 8:12, 13.

Note – "God gave direction to the Israelites to assemble before him at set periods, in the place which he should choose, and observe special days wherein no unnecessary work was to be done, but the time was to be devoted to a consideration of the blessings which he had bestowed upon them. At these special seasons, they were to bring gifts, freewill offerings, and thank offerings unto the Lord, according as He had blessed them....And they were commanded not to appear before the Lord empty." – Ibid., Vol. 2, p. 573.


Question 6
Where are the tithes and offerings to be paid today? Mal. 3:10.

Note – "The Jewish church, in which reposed the truth up to the time of Christ, was ever to be 'the storehouse,' and the priests were ever to be its stewards. But when they rejected Christ, they forced God to transfer His 'storehouse' to the little handful who did accept the added message for that day....Later, God again transferred His storehouse, entrusting its goods to the reformers who were stirred by the spirit of the down-trodden truth. Accordingly, His new and faithful stewards were appointed to care for the 'candlestick,' church, from then on….Those who lived in the period of the old message, the judgment of the dead, were under obligation to support it, but now that we are (in)...the period of the NEW MESSAGE, the JUDGMENT OF THE LIVING, we are duty-bound to support it." – The Latest News For "Mother", Tract 4, pp. 63-65.

When Moses wrote the first part of the Bible, he was not given the privilege to write the whole Truth which God intended to reveal to His people. Later in the Old Testament period came Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, et al. Then in the New Testament period came John the Baptist, Christ, the apostles, the reformers Miller, and Sister White, each one in turn teaching truths which could not, however, be maintained by Moses' writings. This is the divine rule of unfolding truth. And only to one's own loss will he refuse to acknowledge that it is operative the same today as ever, even though the message today is derived entirely from the inspired writers before it.

The Answerer, Book 1, pp. 27, 28.


Letters from Around the World

Dear Sir;

I was given a pamphlet "Catholics Crucifying Nixon" by a friend. Is it possible for me to get twenty-five or thirty to mail out or give to friends who would like to know this fact? We all suspected it but did not know till I read this little pamphlet. I am sincerely,


Dear Sir:

I've have read a tract that a friend of ours picked up at Auburn Camp-meeting in July. The message it bore gave us great concern as it points to prophecy being fast fulfilled. So we would like to receive a few more copies for ourselves and to give to friends. The name of tract was: "Foul Waters, The Pope's Watergate and Kennedy's Chappaquiddick" and many thanks! Sincerely


P.S. What is that Chappaquiddick? First time I ever saw that word.

Dear Sir:

Would you please send me the booklet "We're Fed Up, Catholics Crucifying Nixon." A friend just read me hers. I would like a dozen copies. Enclosed find $1.00 to cover postage. Thanks.


Dear Friend:

Opportunity having presented itself I shall not hesitate but hasten to inform you that I am the acting Pastor of _____ Baptist Church _____ and also a private teacher. I have 40 new converts who seem to be very anxious to know more about Jesus. Please send me some of your Sabbath School Lessons. Many thanks in anticipation and may God always bless you. Yours in Christ,


Dear Sir:

One of your leaflets was put in my car, "We're Fed Up Catholics Crucifying Nixon." How much are they for 100. Please let me know right away. Yours truly,

North Dakota

Dear Sirs:

A friend of mine in Canada told me I could get a little pamphlet from you entitled, "We're Fed Up Catholics Crucifying Nixon." I am very much interested in President Nixon's plight and would like to have a copy of your pamphlet if you would be so kind as to send me one. Thank you very much. Sincerely,


Dear Sirs:

Having just read your pamphlet on "Catholics Crucifying Nixon" I am


eager to have copies to distribute. Will you please send them to ______. I am a member of SDA and truly believe all this is revealed to us in the Revelation. God bless you in this great work.


Dear Brother:

Many thanks for your Branch Sabbath School Lessons. This is the second time that I received it. I read it willingly and are glad with all the questions therein. Further I read in the marvelous prophecies of Jerusalem fulfilled and The Pentecost...a truth that seventh-day Adventists never can explain for us. Instead of bringing us to listen to the voice of God, Seventh-day Adventists learn us nowadays to do the same thing as Sundaykeepers do. What a pity....Please don't forget to pray for us and give us more information about this deflection. We thank you very much for your kindness....The Lord bless you. With love,


Dear Friends:

We have a leaflet here in our hands: "General Conference Building Opens" which we got at Camp meeting time on the way home in June 1974. We are puzzled by the things pointed out and wondering what this is all about? It seems we did not hear all the facts in this Church which claims to have all the truth (SDA). Do you send out literature on this? Please let me know. I for myself want to do what is right before my God. Let us see your light, which seems to be quite important. Yours in the love of Christ.


Dear Mr. Roden:

I accepted one of your booklets, "We're Fed Up, Catholics Crucifying Nixon." So am I if your right and I would like to come down and talk to you. Some things I know add up to that. You were denounced by a young man in front of our organization as bigots. I don't think you are, you have every right to express your view as anyone else in this country. I am a member of the Fairness to the President group who gave the President a testimonial and a good send off on his trip to the Middle East. Let me know when you can see me and I'll come and discuss this with you. I believe in doing what must be done in getting the job done. Thank you,


Dear Christian Fellow-worker,

Grace be unto you as you labour for Him, in the truth of His word. Happy to tell you that I am the Executive Secretary of the above named churches of Nigeria. We believe in abstinence from alcohol, tobacco and unclean foods. Believe in salvation through faith in Jesus Christ, baptism by immersion, observance of the Lords Sabbath....We know that we are branches of one Tree and leaves of one Branch....If we Sabbath keepers desire to grow, or feel it wise to expand as much as possible, we must come together under Christ as one unit, with one accord and purpose of expanding the Sabbath. This could only be attained through cooperation. We therefore send in this application, wishing you to accept us all in your organization....We hope that our application for affiliation and fellowship will be honored in the name of Jesus....Please let us hear from you before our next executive board meeting. We are made up of 10 groups of churches which assemble in 10 different locations on the seventh day Sabbath. Hoping to hear from you very soon. Yours in Him,


Dear Sir,

While at Campmeeting a little paper was left at the door or under the door of my room. As we have read it and showed it to others they are convinced every bit is true. And we would like some more to pass on to others.




NEW MOON . . . . . . . . . DEC. 15

NEW MOON . . . . . . . . . JAN. 13

NEW MOON . . . . . . . . . FEB. 12

FEAST OF PURIM . . . . . . FEB. 25

SHUSHAN PURIM . . . . . . .FEB. 26

NEW MOON . . . . . . . . . MAR. 13

PASSOVER (Lord's Supper) . MAR. 27

  BREAD . . . . .MAR. 27 – APR.  2

NEW MOON . . . . . . . . . APR. 12

SECOND PASSOVER . . . . . .APR. 26

  (2nd month) .APR. 26 – MAY   3

NEW MOON . . . . . . . . MAY  11

PENTECOST . . . . . . . .MAY  18

NEW MOON . . . . . . . . JUNE 10

NEW MOON . . . . . . . . JULY 10

NEW MOON . . . . . . . . AUG.  8






"If God abhors one sin above another, of which His people are guilty, it is doing nothing in case of an emergency. Indifference and neutrality in a religious crisis is regarded of God as a grievous crime and equal to the very worst type of hostility against God." – Testimonies, Vol. 3, p. 281.

"It is our duty, as we see the signs of approaching peril, to arouse to action. Let none sit in calm expectation of the evil, comforting themselves with the belief that this work must go on because prophecy has foretold it, and that the Lord will shelter His people. We are NOT doing the will of God if we sit in quietude doing nothing to preserve liberty of conscience….The people need to be aroused in regard to the dangers of the present time. The watchmen are asleep. We are years behind. Let the chief watchmen feel the urgent necessity of taking heed to themselves, lest they lose the opportunities given them to see the dangers.

"If the leading men in our conferences do not now accept the message sent them by God, and fall into line for action the churches will suffer great loss. When the watchman, seeing the


sword coming, gives the trumpet a certain sound, the people along the line will echo the warning, and all will have opportunity to make ready for the conflict. But too often the leader has stood hesitating, seeming to say: 'Let us not be in too great haste. There may be a mistake. We must be careful not to raise a false alarm.' The very hesitancy and uncertainty on his part is crying: 'Peace and safety. Do not get excited. Be not alarmed.' ...Thus he virtually denies the message sent from God and the warning which was designed to stir the churches fails to do its work." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, pp. 713-716.

And many a lad of today, growing up as did Daniel in his Judean home, studying God's word and His works, and learning the lessons of faithful service, will YET stand in legislative assemblies, in halls of justice, or in royal courts, as a witness for the King of kings." – Education, p. 262.

In response to the recent crisis concerning the New Texas State Constitution, the Branch delegation composed of Ben L. Roden, President of The Branch, George B. Roden, Vice President of the Davidic Levitical Institute, and Ministerial Students at New Mt. Carmel Center went to the State Capitol in Austin with protest banners against parochial aid to sectarian colleges and taxation of churches.

The banners read:

"Keep Church & State Separate"

"No Parochiaid New Constitution Buggy"

"No Church Taxation"

God's blessings upon the combined efforts of ten thousand seventh-day Adventist Protest Letters and the Branch Banners defeated efforts to bring taxation of churches to Texas.

Several votes were taken on the measures and each time they were defeated.

A Representative commented to the Branch delegation that he and others did not realize there was so much opposition to the New Constitution or he would not have supported it in the first place.

Yours to protest aggression and doing something about it,

Ben L. Roden



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