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The Three Harvest Feasts of Exodus 23:14-19; Leviticus 23, P. 1A, BSSL Vol. 3, No. 1

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That everyone who thirsteth for the truth may obtain it, these publications are, as a Christian service, provided without charge. They levy but one exaction: the soul's obligation to itself to prove all things and hold fast to that which is good. The only strings attached to this free proffer are the golden strands of Eden and the crimson cords of Calvary - the ties that bind.
 
Benjamin L. Roden

BRANCH
SABBATH  SCHOOL  LESSONS

MONTHLY

Vol. 3No. 1
Branch Ensign

"And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse,
and a Branch shall grow out of his roots. Isa. 11:1"



T H E   T H R E E   H A R V E S T   F E A S T S
of
Exodus 23:14-19; Leviticus 23


The Feasts: No. 1August 27, 1959

Subject:    The Passover and Wave-Sheaf Ceremony

Aim:
To show:        

1.  The three feasts are typical of the great soul harvest of Matt. 13; Zech. 14; Rev. 22:17.


2.  The 144,000 are the first increment of the harvest.


3.  These feasts should be observed today:


a.  PASSOVER Feast with Wave-sheaf Ceremony. (The Bride, holy city Jerusalem. Isa. 62:5; 2 Cor. 11:2; Rev. 19:7; G.C. 426-7.)


b.  PENTECOST Feast with Wave-loaf Ceremony. (144,000 first increment. Rev. 14:1)


c.  Feast of TABERNACLES (second fruit harvest. Zech 14:16-19).


Gem Thought:

"As the WAVE-SHEAF and the wave-loaves are typical, then also the Feast of Tabernacles must be typical." Tract 3, page 81:2.


"A close study of the type is the only possible way to clear the truth…" The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, page 266.


"Thus, through patriarchs and prophets, as well as through TYPES and SYMBOLS, God spoke to the world concerning the coming of a Deliverer from sin." Prophets and Kings, page 697.


"Christ was the foundation of the Jewish economy. THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF TYPES AND SYMBOLS WAS A COMPACTED PROPHECY OF THE GOSPEL, a presentation in which were bound up the promises of redemption." Acts of the Apostles, page 14:1.


Introduction:


True children of God will have an earnest desire to put away sin, all preconceived ideas and prejudices with an unction by the Holy Spirit to do all God has commanded. They will be seeking for Truth as for hidden treasure, accepting Christ's Righteousness (His Truth) in place of their own righteousness which is but filthy rags. Study Isa. 4:1.


They will likewise hear the Lord when He says, 'And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; and ye shall be my people, and I will be your God.' Ezek. 36:27, 28.


"Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments." Mal. 4:4.


"When this gospel shall be presented in its fullness to the Jews, many will accept Christ as the Messiah…As the Old Testament Scriptures are blended with the New in an explanation of Jehovah's eternal purpose, this will be to many of the Jews as the dawn of a new creation, the resurrection of the soul…their slumbering faculties will be aroused, and they will recognize Christ as the Saviour of the world." Acts of the Apostles, page 380-381.


Inspiration declares:

1.  The Lord will be our God when His Spirit causes us to walk in His statutes and keep His judgments.


2.  Then His people will possess the land that He gave to our fathers.


3.  When we keep the commandments He gave to Moses 'with the statutes and judgments,' blending them with the New Testament, many of the Jews will accept Christ as the Messiah.


The Feasts – No. 1page 2

Conclusively, Brethren, the feasts are to be "statutes for ever throughout your generations." Lev. 23:14, 21. "Wherefore ye shall do my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do them; and ye shall dwell in the land in safety." Lev. 25:18.


"Your obeying 'all the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments' of the moral law of Moses, you see, is your evidence that you have been born again…" Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, page 37:24:3.


Yes, when we present the gospel in its fullness, blending the Old Testament Scriptures with the New, many Jews will be able to "recognize Christ as the Saviour of the world."


Adding the keeping of the feasts to the Third Angel's Message according to the Old Testament, in harmony with the New Testament is what constitutes the gospel in its fullness.


This 'addition' of the feast observance truth is brought by the Angel (message) that joins the Third Angel's Message in a message to be given to the world. (Testimonies to Ministers, page 300; Early Writings, page 277) This is, in fact, the Judgment of the Living – the Righteousness of Christ.


Therefore, "Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year." Ex. 23:14.


1.  "Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread:" (PASSOVER) Id. 23:15; Patriarchs and Prophets, page 277

2.  "And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of thy labors, which thou hast sown in the field." (PENTECOST) Id. 23:16, first part.

3.  "…and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year…" (FEAST OF TABERNACLES), Id. 23:16, last part.


Reason for the feasts:  

"As a means of education, an important place was filled by the feasts of Israel…three times a year seasons were appointed for social intercourse and worship." Education, pages 41, 42.


–PART ONE–


The Passover Feast and Wave-Sheaf Ceremony


1.  The Passover Feast:


"In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread." Lev. 23:5, 6.


"The Passover was to be both commemorative and typical, not only pointing back to the deliverance from Egypt, but forward to the greater deliverance which Christ was to accomplish in freeing his people from the bondage of sin." Patriarchs and Prophets, page. 277.


Note:  "…the Lord's Supper was instituted as a memorial of the same event of which the Passover had been a type." Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539:3.


"In observance of the Passover, the Lord commanded Israel to celebrate that occasion seven days. (See Lev. 23:5-8) Surely no one would say that God commanded his people to commemorate that event seven days with no object in view. Israel after the flesh going into Egypt, then out of Egypt to Mount Sinai, the passover in Egypt on the night when the death angel smote the first born of man and beast at the departure of Israel, are TYPES of the church at the present time – the church going out of Egypt – worldliness,


The Feasts – No. 1page 3

the purification of the church, the separation of the tares from the wheat -- the fulfillment of Ezekiel 9." The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, page 216:3.


"I am, however, certain that God will not keep us ignorant of the things we ought to know. If it becomes necessary for us to know ahead of time the day and hour of the purification of the church, the antitypical Passover, we will be told." Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 41:3:3. (Send for literature explaining the time of the antitypical Passover.)


"The Lord's Supper was ordained in remembrance of the Lord's sacrifice, not to cleanse the partakers of it from their sins but to cleanse them from sinners, as is seen from the Passover in Egypt, and from the fact that thereafter Judas no longer walked with the disciples. Plainly, then, the celebration of the ordinance brought blessing to the eleven, but damnation to the one." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 3:3, 4.


"Furthermore, no one seems to know when and how to observe the sacrament. Some observe it every Sunday or every Sabbath, some occasionally, some every quarter and so on. It seems logical to say that when God commands us to ordain it anew he will tell us also how and when to observe it properly." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 3:6, 2.


"The message, moreover, teaches that we should remain in the mother church and work strictly for her salvation. The conclusion then is that as long as we stay with her there seems to be no need for ordaining the Lord's Supper privately among ourselves, perhaps not before the hour comes for the penitent to be separated from the impenitent, as taught by the TYPES – by the PASSOVER in Egypt, and by the PASSOVER on the night when Judas was to go out, never again to walk with the twelve." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 3:6:1.


SUMMARY: In the foregoing statements we plainly see:


1.  Passover is commemorative, pointing back to ancient Israel's deliverance from Egypt: also typical, pointing forward to a greater deliverance when Christ (THE BRANCH) frees His people from sin and sinners.


2.  The Lord's Supper was instituted as antitypical Passover, to be observed once a year at Passover time.


Note:  A seven-day affair: religious, social, and educational (the same as in the type except for the sacrifice of a Lamb. Lev. 23:5-8). Observed at the going down of the sun on the fourteenth day of the first month, Abib, the first and seventh days are holy with a total of three holy days including the weekly Sabbath which came between the first and seventh days.


3.  Passover in Egypt and the smiting of the first born is typical of the church at the present time: going out of Egypt – worldliness, purification, separation of the tares from the wheat, Ezekiel 9 slaying.


4.  Passover not designed to cleanse sinners of their sins, but sinners from among His people, i.e. Judas no longer walked with the twelve.


5.  God through Inspiration will reveal the time of the antitypical Passover.


6.  Logical to say, when God commands us to observe Passover anew, He will tell us how and when to observe it properly.


II.  The Wave-Sheaf Ceremony (Read Lev. 23:9-12).


"The Wave-Sheaf, Wave-Loaves, and the Feast of Tabernacles. Illustrating our salvation in completeness, the harvest rites of the ceremonial system must therefore corroborate


The Feasts – No. 1page 4

both the testimonies of the prophets and the parables concerning the harvest, for all are inextricably bound up together. The ceremonies of the first and second fruits of grain must accordingly unfold the truth concerning the first and second fruits of humanity." Tract 3, page 75:2.


"Here we see commanded the observance of three harvest rites:


(1)..the…wave-sheaf, at the beginning of the first harvest;

(2)..the…wave-loaves, at the close of the first harvest…

(3)..the feast of tabernacles, at the close of the second harvest." Id., page 76:1.


"Being of cut stalks of grain, the wave-sheaf signified fruits to be harvested. And as the sheaf was to be offered before the sickle was put to the grain and gathered into sheaves, it obviously pointed forward to a spiritual harvest of first fruits to be gathered." Id., page 76:2.


"Barley was the earliest grain in Palestine, and at the opening of the feast it was beginning to ripen. A sheaf of this grain was waved by the priest before the altar of God, as an acknowledgment that all was his. Not until the ceremony had been performed was the harvest to be gathered." Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539:4.


SUMMARY: The clear-cut facts are:


1.  The first and second fruits of grain unfold the first and second fruits of humanity.


2.  Three harvest rites with wave-sheaf offered at beginning of first fruit harvest which signified fruits to be gathered.


3.  Conclusively, then, since the wave-sheaf is barley, the first ripe grain, first of the first fruits (Ex. 23:19), and is offered at Passover which is at the beginning of the harvest of the first fruits; and since these harvest rites are a figure of soul harvests; and also since those that arose with Christ became a typical living wave-sheaf presented as trophies before the Father in heaven (Tract 3, page 79:2); we conclude that since the mediatorial-judicial throne of Ezekiel 1 extends to the earthly sanctuary (church) (Tract 3, page 46-47) there must be an antitypical living wave-sheaf offered before God's traveling throne on earth at that time – (Passover).


Special Note:


The church is judged (names investigated in the books of heaven, Tract 3, pages 50-51; 54:1; Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 42:31:2; The Answerer, Book 5, page 30:1) in the time of the sixth seal (Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, revised, No. 5:11:1), the time in which the 144,000 are sealed (The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, page 165:2).


Since the 144,000 first fruits are judged (counted) in the time of the seventh seal (The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 1, page 220:1, 2) all that the Lord could possibly have at the time of His arrival in His judicial throne to start the counting of the 144,000 (judging, inspecting the 'wedding guests') would be the wave-sheaf who are to gather the 144,000 wave-loaves.


Therefore "…when the Son of man cometh, shall he find (little: wave-sheaf) faith on the earth? Luke 18:8.


III.  Who is the Wave-Sheaf of the Living in our day?


ANSWER:


"…it (D.S.D.A. Assn.) purports itself to be the first of the first fruits of the living, the vanguard…With the emergence of this vanguard and its army, the first fruits, from which are elected the 12,000 out of each of the twelve tribes of Jacob, 'the 144,000'…who stand on Mount Zion with the Lamb…the reign of antitypical David begins." Leviticus of D.S.D.A. 3:2.


The Feasts – No. 1page 5

Note Carefully:


1.  The Davidian Assn. is the first of the first fruits – wave-sheaf, vanguard, NOT wave-loaves – 144,000, army. VANGUARD: That which precedes the army.


2.  Wave-Sheaf – vanguard – is offered at beginning of the first fruit harvest at Passover time.


3.  Wave-Loaves – army – 144,000 is offered at end of the first fruit harvest at Pentecost.


4.  With the offering of the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves antitypical David's reign begins. (David is anointed prior to his reign. Isa. 10:27)


IV.  Who is to inform the Davidian Wave-Sheaf of the time of her ceremonial offering, that she may ready herself for that event – "beginning of harvest"?


"Not until this ceremony (offering of barley – wave-sheaf) had been performed was the harvest to be gathered." Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539:4.


"I am, however, certain that God will not keep us ignorant of the things we ought to know. If it becomes necessary for us to know ahead of time the day and hour of the purification of the church, the antitypical PASSOVER, we will be told." Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 41:3:3.


God declares:    

1.  No harvest of 144,000 – wave-loaves, army – without first a wave-sheaf offering.


2.  God will, when necessary, make known the time of the wave-sheaf offering, the antitypical Passover, so that the wave-sheaf may prepare; for "Surely the Lord GOD will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets." Amos 3:7.


"Here is the Bible's own answer, which says that there is to be a people who will have the Testimony of Jesus Christ at the time the earth swallows up the flood (Passover, going out of Egypt), the hypocrites. And since this incident is yet future, it shows that there is to be a prophet in the Church…" Timely Greetings (u), Vol. 2, No. 24:23:1.


"God has given his church eyes which he requires them to anoint with wisdom, that they may see clearly; but many would put out the eyes (seers, prophets, Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 5:18:1) of the church if they could; for they would not have their deeds come to the light, lest they should be reproved." Testimonies, Vol. 4, pages 88, 89.


"…worshipping the dead, a form of Shintoism (spiritualism). Worshipping the dead prophets and killing the living ones, is a brutal effort to block the progress of Truth, to deceive self and others." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 2, No. 26:23:1.


Conclusion:


So you see, Brothers and Sisters, by "killing the prophets", by "putting out the eyes of the church", you deprive yourself of the Living Spirit of Prophecy – the eyes of God in our midst.


Without God's "prophet-eye" to inform His people of the Passover there would be none, for God does nothing but He reveals the event to His servants the prophets. Without the Passover there would be no antitypical wave-sheaf offered and consequently no opening of the earth's mouth (Rev. 12:16), nor harvest of the first fruits (Rev. 14:1-5), nor Pentecost, nor harvest of second fruits (Rev. 7:9; Isa. 60:3), nor Feast of Tabernacles, nor even a necessity for the second coming of Jesus to receive the living saints.


The Feasts – No. 1page 6

What nonsense! Resist those who commit the crime of prophet-murder: for such, there will be no deliverance from antitypical Egypt – sin (Isa. 11:16) for "…by a prophet the LORD brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved." Hosea 12:13.


Therefore, Inspiration (The BRANCH) COMMANDS THE INSTITUTION OF THE LROD'S SUPPER AT PASSOVER (statute forever, Lev. 23:14), after which begins the first fruit harvest, gathered 'one by one' Isa. 27:12." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 9:11.


"Those who keep God's solemn 'feasts' and perform their vows shall have…peace. None others shall." Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 42:41:2.


V.  Since Davidians are the antitypical Wave-Sheaf, we must check to see if we are a "Laodicean or Davidian – Which?" 1 T.G.r. 8.


"…angel of Laodicea? – He is lukewarm…The Lord recommends that he be either cold or hot, – uncomfortable, in search of something better rather than stay lukewarm…increased with goods (with Truth). – parentheses theirs – Not knowing that he is spiritually poor, (etc.)…If the Lord's own warning fails to change his mind, then the only thing left for the Lord to do is to spue him out of His mouth…He thus deceives himself that he has the whole truth to carry him right through the Pearly Gates, that he needs nothing more…their so-called increase is not an increase in Truth, but worthless, uninspired interpretations not tried in the fire. The angel of Laodicea is naked, too. He has not the wedding garment on – he has not the righteousness of Christ." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 8:17, 18.


"You, yourself, can now answer the question as to whether you are a Davidian or still a Laodicean. If you are satisfied with yourself, with your spiritual attainments, with your man-made program; if you think that the Lord is speaking to you by whatever happens to 'click' in your mind; if you think you have all the Truth, and that you have need of nothing more; if you think that everyone who does not have your stamp of approval on his belief, is a false prophet; and if you are in constant fear that someone is everlastingly trying to deceive you because he teaches something new; if you never give it a thought that you may be slamming your door against a Truth-bearer who may be bringing you the Lord's 'eyesalve', and the 'wedding garment' – if you do all these or any part of them, then you must be as good a Laodicean as you can possibly be, not a Davidian.


"…if you are all for God and not at all for self or for the world, then, or course, you either are, or are beginning to be, a Davidian…then keep advancing in the light, and for certain you shall finally stand on Mt. Zion with the Lamb." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 8:28.


"Provisional in set-up as well as in name, the Davidian Seventh-day Adventist Association exists solely to accomplish a divinely appointed work within the Seventh-day Adventist denomination, wherein it therefore strictly confines its activities. As its work there within draws to a close, and the 'servants of our God'…are sealed, its name will be changed." Leviticus of D.S.D.A., Preface.


"Who is to bring this revival and reformation, this great change. – The BRANCH." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 8:24:3.


"Since, as has already been pointed out, Christ ('Immanuel') did not live in the time of such a confederacy, it must be that not only Israel, Syria, and Assyria are types, but Christ Himself is also a type. We learned that Immanuel (meaning 'God with us') could represent only His true followers, the born-again Christians." Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, No. 1:5, 6.


The Feasts – No. 1page 7

(For a complete explanation of this statement, read Branch 'Confederacy of Isaiah 7 & 8' No. 1)


Conclusion:


Since Immanuel means Christ, 'God with us', and The BRANCH is Christ, and since Christ is a type; therefore, The BRANCH message is the antitype of Christ's message.


Now since Christ was a Davidian (Matt. 22:42) and The Branch believers are Davidians, they are therefore the antitypical Immanuels (Isa. 7:14).


Furthermore, since Christ the Davidian (Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539:4) and those Davidians He took to heaven with Him as trophies of His victory over death, became the living wave-sheaf, TYPE (Tract 3, page 79:2), it is plain to see that The Branch believers are the only 100% Davidians (1 T.G.r. 8:28:1) and the antitypical first of the first fruits – barley, wave-sheaf, vanguard – (Leviticus of D.S.D.A., page 3:2) who are to be offered before God's traveling throne (Ezekiel 1) on earth at Passover Time.


Says the prophet: "…saviours (Branches) shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau…" Obadiah 21.


"I AM the true vine, my Father is the husbandman. Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. Now ye are CLEAN through the WORD which I have spoken unto you." John 15:1-3.


Since all are Branches, be a real Branch by accepting the message of His new name – BRANCH, and be cleansed.


By obedience to the Truth we are made whole – cleansed.


"The thought that the righteousness of Christ is imparted to us, not because of any merit on our part, but as a free gift from God, is a precious thought. The enemy of God and man is not willing that this truth should be clearly presented; for he knows that if the people receive it fully, his power will be broken." Gospel Writers, page 161.


"…saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and…shall execute judgment and justice in the earth (seat of two-horned beast)…and this is his name (Branch) whereby He shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS." Jer. 23:5, 6.


"If the church (wave-loaves) will put on the robe of Christ's righteousness (The Branch message), withdrawing from all allegiance with the world, there is before her the dawn of a bright and glorious day." Acts of the Apostles, page 601:1.


"Those who keep God's solemn 'feasts' and perform their vows shall have…peace.' None others shall." Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 41:2. Notice especially Great Controversy, page 399:4…Read Great Controversy, pages 484-485.


Let the command now go forth:    

THE BRANCH INSTITUTES THE LORD'S SUPPER AT PASSOVER TIME AND WAVE-SHEAF IS OFFERED!


"GET READY! (B.D.S.D.A.) GET READY! (D.S.D.A.) GET READY! (S.D.A.)…" Early Writings, page 119:1.


SUMMARY OF LESSON


"The subject of the sanctuary and the investigative judgment should be clearly understood by the people of God. All need a knowledge for themselves of the position and work of their great High Priest. Otherwise it will be impossible for them to exercise the faith which is essential at this time or to occupy the position which God designs them to fill." Great Controversy, page 488:2.


The Feasts – No. 1page 8

DAVIDIANS, AT THIS POINT, SHOULD CLEARLY UNDERSTAND THAT:


The ceremonies of the harvest typify redeemed humanity ...........................................3 Tr 76

The wave-sheaf rite precedes the harvests ...........................................................P.P. 539:4

The wave-sheaf in Christ's day typifies one in our day .......................................3 Tr. 79, 81-3

The wave-sheaf of today are the Davidian S.D.A.'s .........................................Lev. D.S.D.A. 3

The true Davidians are "advancing in the light" ................................................1 T.G.r. 8:28:2

The "advancing light" is The Branch: Rod-Latter Rain, ceased ........................11 S. Code 1:14

The true wave-sheaf, then, are Branch Davidians .................................................Matt. 22:42

The wave-sheaf is offered to God at Passover time .............................................Lev. 23:5-11

The time of Passover is revealed to Elijah ...............................'50 G.C.S.12-13; 37; Amos 3:7

The Elijah is "in the church" at Passover – Ezekiel 9, slaying .....................2 T.G.u. 24:23:1,2

The Elijah declares, "keep the feast", "have peace" ............'50 G.C.S.13:1; 37; 2 T.G. 42:41:2

The wave-sheaf "keep the feast", are peacefully "tare-free" ...............Rev. 12:16; 1 T.G.r. 3:3:4


In keeping with the above summarized points of saving Truth, may God help each Davidian to understand the wave-sheaf truth so that he fail not "…to occupy the position which God designs them to fill."


Brothers, Sisters, Youth, and Children: God wants you to "have peace", to be "tare-free" and thus, trouble free – Jesus' WAVE-SHEAF OFFERING before the great throne of Omnipotence.


Yours to be a LIVING Wave-Sheaf,


Benjamin Roden


Note: Emphases and parentheses in quotations ours unless otherwise indicated.


********************


ANNOUNCEMENTS:


Blowing of trumpets – Oct. 2, 1959, at even, a Sabbath, no servile work. Lev. 23:24, 25.

Atonement – Oct. 11, 1959, at even, a Sabbath, no servile work, sanctify a fast. Lev. 23:27-32.


In a recent visit to Mt. Carmel and an inspection of the Revised manuscript in longhand which Sr. Houteff says Bro. Houteff finished before his death, the writing appears the same as published in Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 2, No. 24:23, 24, 1956 reprint. Therefore, we should not say it is uninspired. However, from weight of evidence in Bro. Houteff's writings that show a prophet – the living Spirit of Prophecy at work before Ezekiel 9, even referring to his work, we must conclude that the true understanding of the reference in question does not mean what the enemy of Truth would imply, in order to refute the existence of the living Spirit of Prophecy, now, since the death of V.T.H.


The true understanding of the statement in the 1956 reprint shows "that the church as a whole"…are not led by the living Spirit of Prophecy, before the earth opens her mouth, "but as individuals" only. The remnant that is left after the earth opens her mouth to swallow up the "…'flood' (private interpreters of the Scriptures and their sympathizers who are about to sweep her away)" will have the living Spirit of Prophecy in their midst. It is brought to them by a man, antitypical Elijah (Testimonies to Ministers, page 475) who comes just before the great and dreadful day of the Lord – before the earth opens her mouth.


********************


NOTE: The foregoing announcements were included in the original study in 1959.


********************


Lesson 1PART I --- THE THREE HARVEST FEASTS
Exodus 23:14-19; Leviticus 23
3/30/68

MEMORY GEM: "Christ was the foundation of the Jewish economy. The whole system of types and symbols was a compacted prophecy of the gospel, a presentation in which were bound up the promises of redemption." Acts of the Apostles, page 14:1.


STUDY HELP: The Feasts, No. 1, August 27, 1959 (attached)


STUDY AIM: To show that the three harvest feasts are typical of the great soul harvest of Matthew 13; Zechariah 14; and Rev. 22:17.


INTRODUCTION: "Yearly feasts were appointed, at which all the men of the nation were to assemble before the Lord, bringing to him their offerings of gratitude, and the first-fruits of his bounties. The object of all these regulations was stated: they proceeded from no exercise of mere arbitrary sovereignty; all were given for the good of Israel. The Lord said, 'Ye shall be holy men unto me,' – worthy to be acknowledged by a holy God." Patriarchs and Prophets, page 311.


1.  What were the three harvest feasts ordained by God? Ex. 23:14-19; Deut. 16:16; The Three Harvest Feasts No. 1, page 1.


Note --- Read Lev. 23:10, 11, 14-17, 39. "Here we see commanded the observance of three harvest rites: (1) the ceremony of the wave-sheaf, at the beginning of the first harvest; (2) the ceremony of the wave-loaves, at the close of the first harvest; and (3) the feast of tabernacles, at the close of the second harvest." Tract 3, page 76:1.


2.  For what purpose were these feasts given to the people? Lev. 26:2-13.


Note --- "There were three annual assemblies of all Israel for worship at the sanctuary…At these yearly assemblies the hearts of old and young would be encouraged in the service of God, while the association of the people from the different quarters of the land would strengthen the ties that bound them to God and to one another." Patriarchs and Prophets, pages, 537, 540. See also the introduction, and Education, pages, 41, 42, quoted on page 2 of the lesson help.


3.  To what did these feasts point forward? Tract 3, page 76:1.


Note --- "Being typical, these two grain harvests with their three literal sacraments, accordingly foreshadow two soul harvests with three spiritual rites…the wave-sheaf…pointed forward to a spiritual harvest of first fruits to be gathered…the wave-loaves, being a finished product, signified fruits previously gathered…As the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves are typical, then also the Feast of Tabernacles must be typical." Tract 3, pages 76-81.


"The feast of Tabernacles was not only commemorative, but typical…it celebrated the ingathering of the fruits of the earth, and pointed forward to the great day of final ingathering, when the Lord of the harvest shall send forth his reapers to gather the tares together in bundles for the fire, and to gather the wheat into his garner." Patriarchs and Prophets, page 541:2.


3.  What do we see from a study of these statements? Tract 3, page 81:2.


Note --- "So the time consumed in producing and in offering the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves, also in observing the Feast of Tabernacles, is representative of the entire spiritual harvest time of the living and of the dead." Tract 3, page 81:2.


"And now that each one honestly seeks to hear and to heed the voice of Truth may have the clearest possible grasp of the …subject of the judgment, the harvest…Wonderful indeed is the way in which God has worked out the plan of salvation and revealed it step by step as necessary." Tract 3, page 84, 85.


Lesson 2PART II --- THE THREE HARVEST FEASTS
Exodus 23:14-19; Leviticus 23
4/6/68

MEMORY VERSE: "And I looked, and, lo a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads…These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb." Rev. 14:1, 4.


STUDY HELP: The Feasts, No. 1, August 27, 1959.


STUDY AIM: To show that the 144,000 are the first increment of the harvest.


INTRODUCTION: "For more than a thousand years this symbolic ceremony (of the wave-sheaf) had been performed. From the harvest fields the first heads of ripened grain were gathered, and when the people went up to Jerusalem to the Passover, the sheaf of first fruits was waved as a thank offering before the Lord. Not until this was presented could the sickle be put to the grain, and it be gathered into sheaves." Desire of Ages, page 786.


1.  What did the wave-sheaf represent? Desire of Ages, page 786.


Note --- "The sheaf dedicated to God represented the harvest." Desire of Ages, page 786.


"Being of cut stalks of grain, the wave-sheaf signified fruits to be harvested." Tract 3, page 76.


2.  How did Christ fulfill the type of the wave-sheaf? Desire of Ages, page 785.


Note --- "Christ arose from the dead as the first fruits of those that slept. He was the antitype of the wave-sheaf, and His resurrection took place on the very day when the wave sheaf was to be presented before the Lord." Desire of Ages, pages 785, 786.


"…Christ Himself is also a type." Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, No. 1:6.


3.  To what did His resurrection point forward? Tract 3, page 79.


Note --- "So Christ, the first fruits, and those who with Him at His resurrection came forth from the grave, raised to everlasting life, were the antitypical wave-sheaf of the dead. And…pointed forward to the ingathering of the gospel's first fruits – the 120 disciples." Tract 3, page 79.


4.  How do these types apply today? Tract 3, page 83.


Note --- "…the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves must have a double application, each to the dead and to the living, together comprising the total fruits of the antitypical harvest." Tract 3, page 83.


5.  In the harvest of the living, who are called first fruits? Rev. 14:1-4.


Note --- "These 144,000 'servants of God,' being the first increment of the harvest, are called 'firstfruits'." White House Recruiter, page 33.


6.  What is the meaning of the word increment?


Ans. -- Webster's definition: "Increment: Act or process of increasing; augmentation or growth; something added; increase; the increase of a quantity from its present value to its next ascending value…"


7.  Of what are the 144,000 first fruits the increase? Tract 3, page 78.


Note --- "Both the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves were thank offerings for the first fruits. One was dedicated at the beginning of the harvest; the other at the completion of it.' Tract 3, page 78.


"'…it (D.S.D.A. Association) purports itself to be the FIRST of the first fruits (WAVE-SHEAF) of the living.' The Leviticus of D.S.D.A. 3:2." The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, page 6.


8.  When will these antitypical first fruits be offered? G.H.F., page 6.


Note --- "It is to be remembered that the 120 disciples received the power of the Spirit on the very day of the Feast of Weeks (Pentecost). When the 144,000 receive the Pentecostal power, they too, will receiver this Spiritual outpouring on the very day that Jesus offered the two antitypical wave-loaves which was ten days after his ascension, or fifty days after He offered the antitypical wave-sheaf in the courts of heaven." G.H.F., p. 6:9.


Lesson 3PART III --- THE THREE HARVEST FEASTS
Exodus 23:14-19; Leviticus 23
4/13/68

MEMORY VERSE: "Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth." 1 Cor. 5:7, 8.


STUDY HELP: The Feasts, No. 1, August 27, 1959.


STUDY AIM: To show that the Passover should be observed today.


INTRODUCTION: "On the fourteenth day of the month, at even, the Passover was celebrated, its solemn, impressive ceremonies commemorating the deliverance from bondage in Egypt, and pointing forward to the sacrifice that should deliver from the bondage of sin." Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539.


1.  Under what circumstances was the Passover first given to Israel? Exodus 11; 12:1-36.

2.  What purpose did it serve to keep the feast each year? Lev. 26:2-13; Patriarchs and Prophets, 277; The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, page 2; Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539 see introduction.


Note --- "The Passover was ordained as a commemoration of the deliverance of Israel from Egyptian bondage. God had directed that, year by year, as the children should ask the meaning of this ordinance, the history should be repeated." Desire of Ages, page. 652:3.


3.  Who was pointed out by the sacrifice of the Passover lamb? John 1;29; 1 Cor. 5:7.


Note --- "Christ was standing at the point of transition between two economies and their two great festivals. He, the spotless Lamb of God, was about to present Himself as a sin offering, and He would thus bring to an end the system of types and ceremonies that for four thousand years had pointed to His death." Desire of Ages, pages 652:2.


4.  In view of this, what change did Christ make in the Passover service? Luke 22:7-20.


Note --- "As He ate the Passover with His disciples, He instituted in its place the service that was to be the memorial of His great sacrifice? Desire of Ages, page 652:2.


"When the Saviour yielded up his life on Calvary, the significance of the Passover ceased ("Then all the sacrificial offerings were to cease. It is the law that Christ 'took out of the way, nailing it to his cross.'" Patriarchs and Prophets, page 365:1), and the ordinance of the Lord's Supper was instituted as a memorial of the same event of which the Passover had been a type." Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539.


5.  How long was this feast to be observed? 1 Cor. 11:26; Lev. 23:14.


Note --- "The ordinance of the Lord's Supper was given to commemorate the great deliverance wrought out as the result of the death of Christ. Till He shall come the second time in power and glory, this ordinance is to be celebrated." Desire of Ages, pages 652, 653.


6.  What example did Paul set for keeping the Passover (Lord's Supper)? Acts 18:21; 20:6.


Note --- "At Philippi Paul tarried to keep the Passover. Only Luke remained with him, the other members of the company passing on to Troas to await him there. The Philippians were the most loving and true-hearted of the apostle's converts, and during the eight days of the feast he enjoyed peaceful and happy communion with them." Acts of the Apostles, pages 390, 391.


7.  When does Inspiration tell us to observe the Lord's Supper? The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, page 3.

8.  What does the Lord's Supper do for those who observe it today? Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 3:3, 4; The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, p.


Note --- Read Neh. 1:15. "Here you see that the announcement of this long-expected event is to be made by someone's publications. Moreover, he publishes peace and thus announces the restoration of the Kingdom. This is the only peace that the world can have. There is to be no other. Those who keep God's solemn 'feasts' and perform their vows shall have this peace, No others shall." Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 42:41.


Lesson 4PART IV --- THE THREE HARVEST FEASTS
Exodus 23:14-19; Leviticus 23
4/20/68

MEMORY VERSE: "…he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep." 1 Cor. 11:29, 30.


STUDY HELP: The Feasts, No. 1, August 27, 1959.


STUDY AIM: To show the time pointed out in the previous message in which the Lord's Supper (Passover) is to be restored to God's people.


INTRODUCTION: "The Lord's bread and cup are to be taken by a people only after they have examined themselves, and have seen to it that they are not causing trouble; that their meeting together is for the better, not for the 'worse'…Our chief duty right now is not to urge the observance of the Lord's Supper, but rather first to come up to the standard of perfection which the message of today, along with the message of yesterday urges." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 3:4, 5.


1.  Why didn't V.T. Houteff ordain the Lord's Supper in his time? Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 3:6:2; The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, page 3; see also Introduction.


Note --- "We do not have the Lord's Supper among us now because we are not ready for it." Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, Nos. 6 & 7:9.


2.  What type did V.T. Houteff fulfill? Isa. 40:1-5; Matt. 3:1-3.


Note --- "Therefore the truth stands out boldly that the direct fulfillment of this chapter (Isaiah 40) is found in our time, thus making John's work an ensample of our work – John's work the type, ours the antitype." Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 36:4:1.


"…we must be standing in the same place John and the disciples stood in their time…he and his work are a type of the message and work today…" Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, Nos. 6 & 7:5, 7.


3.  Did John the Baptist institute the Lord's Supper? Desire of Ages, page 652:2.

4.  When did V.T. Houteff say the time would be for us to keep the Lord's Supper? Timely Greetings, revised, Vol. 1, No. 3:6:1; The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, page 3.


Note --- "…when we do have the Lord's Supper among us it will denote as much as did John's baptism…John said that He who would come after him would baptize with the Holy Ghost and with fire. That baptism is still future. And if it is still future from John's time, it must be performed sometime BEFORE we get into the Kingdom, sometime when the Lord's fan is in His hand." Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, Nos. 6 & 7:9. Read Eze. 19:10-14. "And fire is gone out of a rod of her branches…"


5.  During what time does the separation (purification) take place? Matt. 13:30.

6.  Who comes to the church at the time of the harvest, and what is his message? Branch Lesson, No. 7

7.  What is Elijah's message to do? 1950 General Conference Special, pages 42, 43.


Note --- "Necessarily, then, the Laodiceans themselves are if possible to be awakened by the prophet Elijah…" 1950 General Conference Special, pages 42, 43.


8.  When they are awakened what are they commanded to do? Nahum 1:15.


Note --- "After she (the church) awakes she is to behold something ("The work of Christ as man's intercessor is presented in that beautiful prophecy of Zechariah concerning Him 'whose name is the Branch.'" Great Controversy, page 415:3. "…Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH…" Zech. 6:12 and she is to do something. What is she to do? -- She is to keep her solemn feasts. She is to perform her vows…The Lord's Supper being one of the solemn feasts, it will be celebrated next in the time when the wicked are no more to pass through the church. Do you not see that we are now closer to it than when we first believed?" Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, Nos. 6 & 7:12.


"Let the command now go forth: THE BRANCH INSTITUTES THE LORD'S SUPPER AT PASSOVER TIME…" The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, page 7.


Lesson 5PART V --- THE THREE HARVEST FEASTS
Exodus 23:14-19; Leviticus 23
4/27/68

MEMORY GEM: "The ceremonies of the first and the second fruits of grain must accordingly unfold the truth concerning the first and second fruits of humanity." Tract 3, page 75:2.


STUDY HELP: The Feasts, No. 1, August 27, 1959.


STUDY AIM: To learn the purpose of the wave-sheaf ceremony which was offered during the Passover feast.


INTRODUCTION: "Barley was the earliest grain in Palestine, and at the opening of the feast (of unleavened bread – Passover) it was beginning to ripen. A sheaf of this grain was waved by the priest before the altar of God, as an acknowledgment that all was his. Not until this ceremony had been performed was the harvest to be gathered." Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539:4.


1.  What ceremony was Israel to perform at the beginning of the harvest year? Lev. 23:9-14; Ex. 23:19.

2.  What did this sheaf represent? Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539; Tract 3, page 76:2; The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, page 4.


Note --- "From the harvest fields the first heads of ripened grain were gathered, and when the people went up to Jerusalem to the Passover, the sheaf of first fruits was waved as a thank offering before the Lord. Not until this was presented could the sickle be put to the grain, and it be gathered into sheaves. The sheaf dedicated to God represented the harvest." Desire of Ages, page 786.0.


3.  Upon what day was the wave-sheaf to be offered? Lev. 23:11.


Note --- "While the Passover week was regulated by the month, the day upon which the sheaf was to be offered…was regulated by the week. And according to Lev. 23:3, 11, the sheaf was to be offered on the day following the seventh-day Sabbath, for the Sabbath of verse 11, is the Sabbath of verse 3 – the one in connection with which Moses introduces the subject of the feasts." The Answerer, Book 3, page 18:1.


"The wave-sheaf was to be offered 'on the morrow after the Sabbath' – that is, on the first day of the week, now commonly called Sunday." Tract 3, page 78:3.


4.  What did the wave-sheaf point forward to? Tract 3, page 76:2; The Three Harvest Feasts, No. 1, page 4.

5.  How did Christ fulfill the type of the wave-sheaf in His day? Matt. 28:1-6; 1 Cor. 15:20.


Note --- "Christ arose from the dead as the first fruits of those that slept. He was the antitype of the wave sheaf, and His resurrection took place on the very day when the wave sheaf was to be presented before the Lord…As Christ arose, He brought from the grave a multitude of captives. The earthquake at His death had rent open their graves, and when He arose, they came forth with Him…These, said Christ, are no longer the captives of Satan; I have redeemed them. I have brought them from the grave as the first fruits of My power…" Desire of Ages, pages 785, 786.


"Like the wave sheaf, which was the first ripe grain gathered before the harvest, Christ is the first fruits of that immortal harvest of redeemed ones that at the future resurrection shall be gathered into the garner of God." Great Controversy, page 399:2.


"So Christ, the first fruits, and those who with Him at His resurrection came forth from the grave, raised to everlasting life, were the antitypical wave-sheaf of the dead." Tract 3, page 79.


6.  Does this wave-sheaf type also have an application to the living? Tract 3, page 83:0.


Note --- "…as those who arose with Christ ascended with Him as trophies of His victory over death and the grave, they thereby became a living type…So the time consumed in producing and in offering the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves, also in observing the Feast of Tabernacles, is representative of the entire spiritual harvest time of the living and of the dead…the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves must have a double application, each to the dead and to the living..." 3 Tract, 79,81,83. Read the 3rd point of the summary in T.H.F. #1, p. 8.



THOUGHTS FOR MEDITATION


"The Lord in his providence brings men where he can test their moral powers and reveal their motives of action, that they may improve what is right in themselves and put away that which is wrong. God would have his servants become acquainted with the moral machinery of their own hearts. In order to bring this about, he often permits the fire of affliction to assail them that they may become purified. 'But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fuller's soap; and he shall sit as a refiner and purifier or silver; and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness.'


"The purification of the people of God cannot be accomplished without their suffering. God permits the fires of affliction to consume the dross, to separate the worthless from the valuable, that the pure metal may shine forth. He passes us from one fire to another, testing our worth. If we cannot bear these trials, what will we do in the time of trouble? If prosperity or adversity discover falseness, pride, or selfishness in our hearts, what shall we do when God tries every man's work as by fire, and lays bare the secrets of all hearts?…


"God brings his people near to him by close, testing trials, by showing them their own weakness and inability, and by teaching them to lean upon him as their only help and safeguard. Then his object is accomplished. They are prepared to be used in every emergency, to fill important positions of trust, and to accomplish the grand purposes for which their powers were given them. God takes men upon trial; he proves them on the right hand and on the left, and thus they are educated, trained, disciplined…


"God's work of refining and purifying must go on until his servants are so humbled, so dead to self, that, when called into active service, their eye will be single to His glory…God brings men over the ground again and again, increasing the pressure until perfect humility and a transformation of character bring them into harmony with Christ and the spirit of Heaven, and they are victors over themselves.


"God has called men from different states, and has been testing and proving them to see what characters they would develop, to see if they could be trusted…


"The True Witness counsels us to buy of him gold tried in the fire, white raiment, and eye-salve. The gold here recommended as having been tried in the fire, is faith and love. It makes the heart rich; for it has been purged until it is pure, and the more it is tested the more brilliant is its luster. The white raiment is purity of character, the righteousness of Christ imparted to the sinner. This is indeed a garment of heavenly texture, that can be bought only of Christ for a life of willing obedience. The eye-salve is that wisdom and grace which enables us to discern between the evil and the good, and to detect sin under any guise. God has given his church eyes which he requires them to anoint with wisdom, that they may see clearly; but many would put out the eyes of the church if they could; for they would not have their deeds come to the light lest they should be reproved. The divine eye-salve will impart clearness to the understanding. Christ is the depository of all graces. He says, 'Buy of me.'" Testimonies to the Church, Vol. 4, pages 85-89.



A N N O U N C E M E N T S


NEW MOON CALENDAR


April  29 beginning at sundown on April 28

May  28        "        "        "       "  May 27

June  27        "        "        "       "  June 26

July   26        "        "        "       "  July 25

Aug.  25        "        "        "       "  Aug. 24

Sept. 23        "        "        "       "  Sept. 22


2ND PASSOVER (Numbers 9:9-14; 2 Chron. 30:2, 15) – will be celebrated for seven days beginning sundown on May 12 through May 19. This Passover is for all those who were unable to partake of the first Passover held in the first month. "…all who 'had not sanctified themselves sufficiently' (2 Chron. 30:3; Ex. 12:3-6) were forbidden to participate in the Passover in the first month, but were permitted to prepare for it and to celebrate it in the second month (Num. 9:11; 2 Chron. 30:13)…" Tract 8, page 28:1.


PENTECOST (Feast of Weeks) – will be celebrated Sunday June 2 beginning sundown of June 1.


FEAST OF TRUMPETS – will be celebrated Sept. 23 beginning sundown on Sept. 22.


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NOTE --- All emphasis and parentheses used throughout the Sabbath School Lessons are ours unless stated otherwise after the reference.


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NOTE --- The abbreviation T.H.F. used throughout the Sabbath School Lessons for this month and in the months to follow, stands for "The Three Harvest Feasts," put out by the Branch in 1959 in three parts. The first part of which has been reprinted in this issue of the Sabbath School Lesson for your convenience in studying the subject under consideration.


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