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That everyone who thirsteth for the truth may obtain it, these publications are, as a Christian service, provided without charge. They levy but one exaction: the soul's obligation to itself to prove all things and hold fast to that which is good. The only strings attached to this free proffer are the golden strands of Eden and the crimson cords of Calvary - the ties that bind.
 
Benjamin L. Roden

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BRANCH SABBATH SCHOOL LESSONS

VOLUME 6, NUMBERS 1-3


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That everyone who thirsteth for the truth may obtain it, these Lessons are, as a Christian service, mailed without charge. They levy but one exaction: the soul's obligation to itself to prove all things and hold fast to that which is good. The only strings attached to this free proffer are the golden strands of Eden and the crimson cords of Calvary - the ties that bind.






THE UNIVERSAL PUBLISHING ASSN.
New Mt. Carmel Center
Rt. 7, Box 471-B
Waco, Texas 76705


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pentecost


  Volume 6

Numbers 1-3  


      Contents      



Lesson 1 – The Comforter.............................................4


Lesson 2 – The Upper Room............................................8


Lesson 3 – The Day of Pentecost.....................................11


Lesson 4 – The Feast of Weeks.......................................15


Lesson 5 – Mount Sinai..............................................19


Lesson 6 – Coronation Day – Part I..................................23


Lesson 7 – Coronation Day – Part II.................................27


Lesson 8 – A Latter-Day Pentecost...................................31


Lesson 9 – The True Pentecostal Church..............................34


Lesson 10 – The Crowning in the Wilderness..........................38


Lesson 11 – Preparation for Pentecost...............................43


Lesson 12 – Pre-Pentecostal Power...................................49


Lesson 13 – The Antitypical Pentecost...............................53


OUT OF THE MAIL BAG.................................................57


POEM: The Channel 23 Psalm..........................................61


ANNOUNCEMENTS.......................................................62


CONVOCATIONS FOR THE YEAR...........................................63



                                                        

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Lesson 1

3/27/71


THE COMFORTER


MEMORY GEM: "And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever." John 14:16.

STUDY AIM: To introduce and familiarize us with the Comforter and His work.

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Introduction


"Looking upon His disciples with divine love and with the tenderest sympathy, Christ said, 'Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in Him.' Judas had left the upper chamber, and Christ was alone with the eleven. He was about to speak of His approaching separation from them; but before doing this He pointed to the great object of His mission. It was this that He kept ever before Him. It was His joy that all His humiliation and suffering would glorify the Father's name, To this He first directs the thoughts of His disciples. Then addressing them by the endearing term, 'Little children,' He said, 'yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek Me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you.' " – The Desire of Ages, page 662, para. 1&2.


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Question 1

As Jesus' earthly ministry drew to a close, what warning did He give to His disciples? John 16:1-5; 8:14,21; 14:28,29; 13:31-38.


NOTE --- "... 'Little children,' He said, 'yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek Me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you.' The disciples could not rejoice when they heard this. Fear fell upon them. They pressed close about the Saviour. Their Master and Lord, their beloved Teacher and Friend, He was dearer to them than life. To Him they had looked for help in all their difficulties, for comfort in their sorrows and disappointments. Now He was to leave them, a lonely, dependent company. Dark were the forebodings that filled their hearts." – The Desire of Ages, page 662, paragraphs 2 and 3.


"Christ said, 'It is expedient for you that I go away.' No one could then have


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any preference because of his location or personal contact with Christ. The Saviour would be accessible to all alike, spiritually, and in this sense He would be nearer to us all than if He had not ascended on high. Now all may be equally favored by beholding Him and reflecting His character. The eye of faith sees Him ever present, in all His goodness, grace, forbearance, courtesy, and love..." – The Review and Herald, December 5, 1912.


Question 2
What did Jesus promise His sorrowing disciples? John 16:6,7; 14:16.


NOTE --- "Let not your heart be troubled,' He said; 'ye believe in God, believe also in Me. In My Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto Myself; that where I am, there ye may be also. And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know. ' For your sake I came into the world. I am working in your behalf. When I go away, I shall still work earnestly for you. I came into the world to reveal Myself to you, that you might believe. I go to the Father to co-operate with Him in your behalf. The object of Christ's departure was the opposite of what the disciples feared. It did not mean a final separation. He was going to prepare a place for them, that He might come again, and receive them unto Himself. While He was building mansions for them, they were to build characters after the divine similitude... Before offering Himself as the sacrificial victim, Christ sought for the most essential and complete gift to bestow upon His followers, a gift that would bring within their reach the boundless resources of grace. 'I will pray the Father,' He said, 'and He shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you forever…' " – The Desire of Ages, pages 663, 668, 669.


Question 3
Who was this Comforter of whom Jesus spoke? John 14:26.


NOTE --- "It is impossible for any of us by our own power or our own efforts to work this change in ourselves. It is the Holy Spirit, the Comforter, which Jesus said He would send into the world, that changes our character into the image of Christ; and when this is accomplished, we reflect as in a mirror the glory of the Lord." – The Review and Herald, December 5, 1912.


"The Holy Spirit is Christ's representative, but divested of the personality of humanity, and independent thereof. Cumbered with humanity, Christ could not be in every place personally. Therefore it was for their interest that He should go to the Father, and send the Spirit to be His successor on earth. No one could then have any advantage because of his location or his personal contact with Christ. By the Spirit the Saviour would be accessible to all. In this sense He would be nearer to them than if He had not ascended on high. . . At all times


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and in all places, in all sorrows and in all afflictions, when the outlook seems dark and the future perplexing, and we feel helpless and alone, the Comforter will be sent in answer to the prayer of faith. Circumstances may separate us from every earthly friend; but no circumstance, no distance, can separate us from the heavenly Comforter. Wherever we are, wherever we may go, He is always at our right hand to support, sustain, uphold, and cheer." – The Desire of Ages, pages 669, 670.


Question 4

By what other name did Jesus refer to the Comforter? John 14:16,17; 15:26;16:13 first part.


Question 5
What was the purpose for which the Comforter was to come? John 14:26; 15:26; 16:8-15.


NOTE --- " 'When He [the Spirit of truth] is come, He will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment.' The preaching of the word will be of no avail without the continual presence and aid of the Holy Spirit. This is the only effectual teacher of divine truth. Only when the truth is accompanied to the heart by the Spirit will it quicken the conscience or transform the life." – The Desire of Ages, pages 671, 672. (Brackets belong.)


"It is not essential for us to be able to define just what the Holy Spirit is. Christ tells us that the Spirit is the Comforter, 'the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father.' It is plainly declared regarding the Holy Spirit that, in His work of guiding men into all truth, 'He shall not speak of Himself.' . . . . The office of the Holy Spirit is distinctly specified in the words of Christ: 'When He is come, He will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment.' It is the Holy Spirit that convicts of sin. If the sinner responds to the quickening influence of the Spirit, he will be brought to repentance, and aroused to the importance of obeying the divine requirements. . . The Spirit is given as a regenerating agency, to make effectual the salvation wrought by the death of our Redeemer... Having brought conviction of sin, and presented before the mind the standard of righteousness, the Holy Spirit withdraws the affections from the things of this earth, and fills the soul with a desire for holiness. 'He will guide you into all truth,' the Saviour declared. If men are willing to be moulded, there will be brought about a sanctification of the whole being. The Spirit will take the things of God and stamp them on the soul. By His power the way of life will be made so plain that none need err therein." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 51, para. 3, page 52, para. 2, 4, 5, page 53 top.


"The Holy Spirit, Christ's representative, arms the weakest with might to press forward to victory. . . " – The Review and Herald, March 24, 1910.


"If anything is true, it is this one thing. Said Jesus: 'When He, the Spirit of


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Truth, is Come, He will guide you into all truth.'. . . Christ plainly declares, that we are led into truth, not by wisdom of man but by the Spirit of God. Not into some truth, but in all truth. When God reveals truth, He is able to lead His servants in all truth, and does not allow such instruments to mix His truth with error. Though they may not understand all, yet the message they bear is the truth and nothing but the truth. Therefore, such truths are originally revealed by inspiration only. When the time divinely appointed is fulfilled, then God calls servants of His own choice, and by the Spirit of Truth reveals a portion of His Word to them. Usually in the form of a message which they must first bear to the church. By the same power God moved upon His numerous servants, the prophets, each writing a portion of the Bible; and when compiled it made a complete book, dealing with one main subject – salvation in Christ. Though some of these writers lived hundreds of years apart, yet each portion of Scripture perfectly harmonizes, – one throwing light upon another. Thus it proves that God was the overseer of the Scriptures and skillfully led His servants in all truth. . . As the Bible is free from error, even so its interpretation under the same Spirit of Inspiration must also be correct. Therefore, the interpretation of the Bible is true, only when it is revealed through a channel of inspiration (the Holy Spirit)." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, pages 12, 13. (Parenthesis belong to quotation)


Question 6
Why did Jesus warn His disciples of what lay ahead? John 16:12-33.


Question 7
Prior to His ascension what counsel did Jesus give His disciples? Luke 24:49. Why?


NOTE --- "Christ's visible presence was about to be withdrawn from the disciples, but a new endowment of power was to be theirs. The Holy Spirit was to be given them in its fulness, sealing them for their work. 'Behold,' the Saviour said, 'I send the promise of My Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.' 'For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.' 'Ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto Me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.' . . . Christ told His disciples that they were to begin their work at Jerusalem. That city had been the scene of His amazing sacrifice for the human race. There, clad in the garb of humanity, He had walked and talked with men, and few had discerned how near heaven came to earth. There He had been condemned and crucified. In Jerusalem were many who secretly believed Jesus of Nazareth to be the Messiah, and many who had been deceived by priests and rulers. To these the gospel must be proclaimed. They were to be called to repentance. The wonderful truth that through Christ alone could remission of sins be obtained, was to be made plain. And it was while all Jerusalem was stirred by the thrilling events of the past few weeks, that the preaching of the disciples would make the deepest impression." – The Acts of the Apostles, pages 30-32.


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Lesson 2

4/3/71


THE UPPER ROOM


MEMORY GEM: "For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence." – Acts 1:5.

STUDY AIM: To show what the disciples of Jesus spent their time doing just prior to receiving the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

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Introduction


"Crushed by despondency, grief, and despair, the disciples met together in the upper chamber, and closed and fastened the doors, fearing that the fate of their beloved Teacher might be theirs. It was here that the Saviour, after His resurrection, appeared to them. For forty days Christ remained on the earth, preparing the disciples for the work before them, and explaining that which heretofore they had been unable to comprehend... Before ascending to heaven, Christ gave His disciples their commission. He told them that they were to be the executors of the will in which He bequeathed to the world the treasures of eternal life. You have been witnesses of My life of sacrifice in behalf of the world, He said to them. You have seen My labors for Israel. And although My people would not come to Me that they might have life, although priests and rulers have done unto Me as they listed, although they have rejected Me, they shall have still another opportunity of accepting the Son of God. You have seen that all who come to Me confessing their sins, I freely receive. Him that cometh to Me I will in no wise cast out. To you, My disciples, I commit this message of mercy. It is to be given to both Jews and Gentiles, – to Israel first, and then to all nations, tongues, and peoples. All who believe are to be gathered into one church." – The Acts of the Apostles pages 26-28.


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Question 1

What did Jesus tell His disciples to do after He was to ascend to Heaven? Luke 24:49; Acts 1:1-4.


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Question 2

To what experience did Jesus liken the coming of the Spirit? Acts 1:5; Matt. 3:11; Mark 1:8; Luke 3:15,16; John 1:26-34.


NOTE --- " 'I indeed baptize you in water unto repentance,' said John; 'but He that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.' Matthew 3:11, R. V., margin. The prophet Isaiah had declared that the Lord would cleanse His people from their iniquities 'by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.' The word of the Lord to Israel was, 'I will turn My hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin.' Isaiah 4:4; 1:25. To sin, wherever found, 'our God is a consuming fire.' Hebrews 12:29. In all who submit to His power the Spirit of God will consume sin. But if men cling to sin, they become identified with it. Then the glory of God, which destroys sin, must destroy them." – The Desire of Ages, page 107, paragraph 4.


Question 3

What subject was prominent in the minds of the disciples during the last forty days Jesus spent with them? Acts 1:6-8.


NOTE -- "When Jesus opened the understanding of the disciples to the meaning of the prophecies concerning Himself, He assured them that all power was given Him in heaven and on earth, and bade them go preach the gospel to every creature. The disciples, with a sudden revival of their old hope that Jesus would take His place upon the throne of David at Jerusalem, inquired, 'Wilt Thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?' Acts 1:6. The Saviour threw an uncertainty over their minds in regard to the subject by replying that it was not for them 'to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in His own power.' Acts 1:7." – The Story of Redemption, p. 241.


"Just before leaving His disciples, Christ once more plainly stated the nature of His kingdom. He recalled to their remembrance things He had previously told them regarding it. He declared that it was not His purpose to establish in this world a temporal kingdom. He was not appointed to reign as an earthly, monarch on David's throne. When the disciples asked Him, 'Lord, wilt Thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?' He answered, 'It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father bath put in His own power.' It was not necessary for them to see farther into the future than the revelations He had made enabled them to see. Their work was to proclaim the gospel message." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 30, paragraph 1.


"The disciples of Christ were looking for the immediate coming of the kingdom of His glory; but in giving them this prayer (the Lord's prayer) Jesus taught that the kingdom was not then to be established. They were to pray for its


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coming as an event yet future. But this petition was also an assurance to them. While they were not to behold the coming of the kingdom in their day, the fact that Jesus bade them pray for it is evidence that in God's own time it will surely come." – The Mount of Blessing, page 159, paragraph 2.


Question 4
What was the power, for which they were told to wait, to do for them? Mark 16:15-18.


Question 5
Did the disciples obey Jesus' command to remain in Jerusalem? Acts 1:9-12.


NOTE --- "In obedience to the word of their Master the disciples returned to Jerusalem, and for ten days they prayed for the fulfillment of God's promise." – The Review and Herald, April 30, 1908.


"As the disciples returned from Olivet to Jerusalem, the people looked on them, expecting to see on their faces expressions of sorrow, confusion, and defeat; but they saw there gladness and triumph. The disciples. did not now mourn over disappointed hopes. They had seen the risen Saviour, and the words of His parting promise echoed constantly in their ears. In obedience to Christ's command, they waited in Jerusalem for the promise of the Father, – the outpouring of the Spirit. They did not wait in idleness. The record says that they were 'continually in the temple, praising and blessing God." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 35, paragraphs 1 and 2.


Question 6
Where did the disciples gather together upon returning to Jerusalem? Acts 1:13.


NOTE --- "The disciples assembled in the upper chamber, uniting in supplications with the believing women, with Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brethren. These brethren, who had been unbelieving, were now fully established in their faith by the scenes attending the crucifixion and by the resurrection and ascension of the Lord. The number assembled was about one hundred and twenty." – The Story of Redemption, pages 241, 242.


Question 7

What did the disciples spend their time doing while waiting for the outpouring of the spirit? Acts 1:14-26.


NOTE --- "The record says that they were 'continually in the temple, praising and blessing God.' They also met together to present their requests to the Father in the name of Jesus. . . As the disciples waited for the fulfilment of the promise, they humbled their hearts in true repentance, and confessed


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their unbelief. . . Truths which had passed from their memory were again brought to their minds, and these they repeated to one another. . . The disciples prayed with intense earnestness for a fitness to meet men, and in their daily intercourse to speak words that would lead sinners to Christ. Putting away all differences, all desire for the supremacy, they came close together in Christian fellowship. . . These days of preparation were days of deep heart-searching. The disciples felt their spiritual need, and cried to the Lord for the holy unction that was to fit them for the work of soul-saving. They did not ask for a blessing for themselves merely. They were weighted with the burden of the salvation of souls. They realized that the gospel was to be carried to the world, and they claimed the power that Christ had promised." – A. A. 35-37.


"These ten days were days of deep heart-searching. The disciples put away all difference that had existed among them, and drew close together in Christian fellowship. . . At the end of the ten days the Lord fulfilled His promise by a wonderful outpouring of His Spirit. When they were 'all with one accord in one place' in prayer and supplication, the promised blessing came . . . " – The Review and Herald, April 30, 1908.


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Lesson 3

4/10/71


THE DAY OF PENTECOST


MEMORY GEM: "And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance." – Acts 2:4.

STUDY AIM: To discern the manner in which the Holy Spirit was poured out upon the disciples on the day of Pentecost.

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Introduction


On the day of Pentecost the Infinite One revealed Himself in power to the church. By His Holy Spirit He descended from the heights of heaven as a rushing, mighty wind, to the room in which the disciples were assembled. It was as if for ages this influence had been held in restraint, and now heaven rejoiced in being able to pour upon the church the riches of the Spirit's power. And, under the influence of the Spirit, words


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of penitence and confession were mingled with songs of praise for sins forgiven. Words of thanksgiving and of prophecy were heard. All heaven bent low to behold and to adore the wisdom of matchless, incomprehensible Love. Lost in wonder, the apostles and disciples exclaimed: 'Herein is love.' 1 John 4:10. They grasped the imparted gift. And what followed? Thousands were converted in a day. The sword of the Spirit, newly edged with power and bathed in the lightnings of heaven, cut its way through unbelief." – Testimonies for the Church, Volume 7, page 31, paragraph 2.


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Question 1
As the disciples were gathered in the upper room, what began to happen? Acts 2:2,3.


NOTE --- " 'And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost...' The Holy Spirit, assuming the form of tongues of fire, rested upon those assembled." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 39, paragraph 1.


The Holy Spirit especially rested upon the apostles, who were witnesses of Jesus' crucifixion, resurrection and ascension – important truths which were to be the hope of Israel." – Spiritual Gifts, Volume 1, page 86, paragraph 2.


Question 2
When did this take place? Acts 2:1.


NOTE --- "Christ's ascension to heaven was the signal that His followers were to receive the promised blessing. For this they were to wait before they entered upon their work. When Christ passed within the heavenly gates He was enthroned amidst the adoration of the angels. As soon as this ceremony was completed, the Holy Spirit descended upon the disciples in rich currents, and Christ was indeed glorified, even with the glory which He had with the Father from all eternity." – The Acts of the Apostles, pages 38, 39.


"In obedience to the word of their Master the disciples assembled in Jerusalem to wait for the fulfillment of God's promise. Here they spent ten days, days of deep heart searching. They put away all differences and drew close together in Christian fellowship. At the end of ten days the Lord fulfilled His promise by a wonderful outpouring of His Spirit." – Testimonies, Volume 8, page 15.


"… the Day of Pentecost the promised Comforter descended and the power from on high was given and the souls of the believers thrilled with the conscious presence of their ascended Lord..." – Great Controversy, page 351.


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"Just as Christ arose on the very day the sheaf was to be offered, likewise the Holy Spirit fell upon the 120 disciples on the very day the wave-loaves were to be presented before the Lord ('Fifty days from the offering of first-fruits...' – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 540.)." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, page 80, paragraph 1.


"… Pentecost came at the third hour of the day (Acts 2:15)." – The White House Recruiter, page 17, paragraph 4.


Question 3
What immediately resulted from this outpouring? Acts 2:4.


NOTE --- "The Holy Spirit, assuming the form of tongues of fire, rested upon those assembled. This was an emblem of the gift then bestowed on the disciples, which enabled them to speak with fluency languages with which they had heretofore been unacquainted." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 39:1.


"The Holy Ghost, assuming the form of tongues of fire divided at the tips, and resting upon those assembled, was an emblem of the gift which was bestowed upon them of speaking with fluency several different languages, with which they had formerly been unacquainted." – The Story of Redemption, page 242.


Question 4

What form did this speaking in tongues take? Was it an unintelligible gibberish or was it the languages that could be understood by the people of that day? Acts 2:4-12.


NOTE --- "During the dispersion, the Jews had been scattered to almost every part of the inhabited world, and in their exile they had learned to speak various languages. Many of these Jews were on this occasion in Jerusalem, attending the religious festivals then in progress. Every known tongue was represented by those assembled. This diversity of languages would have been a great hindrance to the proclamation of the gospel; God therefore in a miraculous manner supplied the deficiency of the apostles. The Holy Spirit did for them that which they could not have accomplished for themselves in a lifetime. They could now proclaim the truths of the gospel abroad, speaking with accuracy the languages of those for whom they were laboring. This miraculous gift was a strong evidence to the world that their commission bore the signet of Heaven. From this time forth the language of the disciples was pure, simple, and accurate, whether they spoke in their native tongue or in a foreign language." – The Acts of the Apostles, pages 39, 40.


Question 5

What accusation was made against the disciples by those who mocked them? Acts 2:13.


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NOTE --- "The priests and rulers were greatly enraged at this wonderful manifestation, but they dared not give way to their malice, for fear of exposing themselves to the violence of the people. They had put the Nazarene to death; but here were His servants, unlettered men of Galilee, telling in all the languages then spoken, the story of His life and ministry. The priests, determined to account for the miraculous power of the disciples in some natural way, declared that they were drunken from partaking largely of the new wine prepared for the feast. Some of the most ignorant of the people present seized upon this suggestion as the truth, but the more intelligent knew it to be false, and those who understood the different languages testified to the accuracy with which these languages were used by the disciples." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 40, paragraph 2.


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Question 6

What was Peter's answer and upon what great prophecy did he base his sermon? Acts 2:14-40; Joel 2:28,29.


NOTE --- "In answer to the accusation of the priests, Peter showed that this demonstration was in direct fulfilment of the prophecy of Joel, wherein he foretold that such power would come upon men to fit them for a special work. . . With clearness and power Peter bore witness of the death and resurrection of Christ. . . Peter did not refer to the teachings of Christ to prove his position, because he knew that the prejudice of his hearers was so great that his


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words on this subject would be of no effect. Instead, he spoke to them of David, who was regarded by the Jews as one of the patriarchs of their nation. 'David speaketh concerning Him,' he declared. . . 'He... spake of the resurrection of Christ, that His soul was not left in hell, neither His flesh did see corruption. This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.' " – The Acts of the Apostles, page 41, paragraphs 1, 3, and page 42, paragraph 1.


Question 7
What was the result of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at that time? Acts 2:41-47.


NOTE --- "What was the result of the outpouring of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost? The glad tidings of a risen Saviour were carried to the utmost bounds of the inhabited world. The hearts of the disciples were surcharged with a benevolence so full, so deep, so far reaching, that it impelled them to go to the ends of the earth." – The Review and Herald, April 30, 1908.


"As the disciples proclaimed the message of redeeming grace, hearts yielded to the power of this message. The church beheld converts flocking to her from all directions. Backsliders were reconverted. Sinners united with believers in seeking the pearl of great price. Some who had been the bitterest opponents of the gospel became its champions. . . Every Christian saw in his brother a revelation of divine love and benevolence. One interest prevailed; one subject of emulation swallowed up all others. The ambition of the believers was to reveal the likeness of Christ's character, and to labor for the enlargement of His kingdom... Under their labors were added to the church chosen men, who, receiving the word of truth, consecrated their lives to the work of giving to others the hope that filled their hearts with peace and joy. They could not be restrained or intimidated by threatenings. The Lord spoke through them, and as they went from place to place, the poor had the gospel preached to them, and miracles of divine grace were wrought." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 48.


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Lesson 4

4/17/71


THE FEAST OF WEEKS


MEMORY GEM: "Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the Lord, after your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:" – Num. 28:26.

STUDY AIM: To understand the Pentecost in the light of the Ceremonial Law.

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Introduction


"There were three annual assemblies of all Israel for worship at the sanctuary. Shiloh was for a time the place of these gatherings; but Jerusalem afterward became the center of the nation's worship, and here the tribes convened for the solemn feasts. The people were surrounded by fierce, warlike tribes, that were eager to seize upon their lands; yet three times every year all the able-bodied men, and all the people who could make the journey, were directed to leave their homes, and repair to the place of assembly, near the center of the land. What was to hinder their enemies from sweeping down upon those unprotected households, to lay them waste with fire and sword? What was to prevent an invasion of the land, that would bring Israel into captivity to some foreign foe? – God had promised to be the protector of his people. 'The angel of Jehovah encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.' While the Israelites went up to worship, divine power would place a restraint upon their enemies. God's promise was, 'I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders; neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the Lord thy God thrice in the year.' " – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 537.


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Question 1
What was meant by the term "when the day of Pentecost was fully come"? Acts 2:1.


NOTE --- "Another. . . name for Shavuot is Pentecost, which in Greek means 'fiftieth,' because it takes place on the fiftieth day after the beginning of Passover." – Morris Epstein, All About Jewish Holidays and Customs, p. 88.


Question 2

What is another name for the Day of Pentecost and how is the fiftieth day reckoned? Ex. 34:22; 23:16; Deut. 16:9-11; Lev. 23: 15,16.


NOTE --- "Fifty days from the offering of first-fruits, came the Pentecost, called also the feast of harvest and the feast of weeks." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 540, paragraph 1.


"WEEKS, FEAST OF (or PENTECOST; Heb. Shavuot): The second of the Pil-


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grim Festivals. It is so called because it occurs on the completion of seven full weeks after the 'morrow of the Sabbath' when the 'sheaf of the wave-offering' of barley was offered up (Lev. 23:15)." – The Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion, page 401. (Parentheses belong to quotation)


Question 3

What discrepancy in calculating the time for this feast existed among the Jews in Christ's day?


ANSWER --- "The interpretation of the words 'on the morrow of the Sabbath' was a subject of controversy between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, the former maintaining that the word Sabbath in this context refers to the first day of PASSOVER (with the result that the F. of W. always fell on the same day of the week as the second day of Passover) while the Sadducees (as the Samaritans, and later the Karaites) maintained that the reference is to the first Sunday after the first day of Passover (according to which the F. of W. would always fall on a Sunday." – The Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion, p. 401 (Paren. belong)


Question 4

How did Christ show by His resurrection which day the wave sheaf was to be offered? Matt. 28:1-6; Mark 16:1-6; Luke 24:1-7; John 20:1,2,11-17.


NOTE --- "Christ arose from the dead as the first fruits of those that slept. He was the antitype of the wave sheaf, and His resurrection took place on the very day when the wave sheaf was to be presented before the Lord." – The Desire of Ages, pages 785, 786.


"The wave-sheaf was to be offered 'on the morrow after the Sabbath' – that is, on the first day of the week, now commonly called Sunday. This offering was to be presented, not on a special day of the month, but rather on a special day of the week, before the sickle was put to the grain and gathered into sheaves (Lev. 23:11,14). . . as Christ arose on the very day that the wave-sheaf was to be offered, the day 'after the Sabbath,' let no one attribute the singular concurrence of these two events on that day to mere coincidence or to any cause other than divine design... So Christ, the first fruits, and those who with Him at His resurrection came forth from the grave, raised to everlasting life, were the antitypical wave-sheaf of the dead. . . Just as Christ arose on the very day the sheaf was to be offered, likewise the Holy Spirit fell upon the 120 disciples on the very day the wave-loaves were to be presented before the Lord. The apostolic Pentecost was accordingly the prototype of the ceremonial Pentecost. . . " – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 78-80.


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Question 5

What were God's people, the Israelites, to do on this day of Pentecost? Lev. 23:16-21; Num. 28:26-31; Deut. 26:1-11.


NOTE --- "On Pentecost, fifty days after the typical sheaf was offered, all Israel were to offer 'a new meat offering unto the Lord. . . [two wave-loaves 'baken with leaven'] the firstfruits unto the Lord.' Lev. 23:16, 17." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 77,78. (Brackets belong to quote)


"Just about the time the wheat was harvested, the first fruits began to ripen on tree and vine in Israel. The Torah commanded every farmer to bring his first fruits as an offering of thanks to the Lord. . . In ancient Israel, a long procession would wind its way through the streets of Jerusalem – men, women, and children – carrying baskets filled with these products of the soil to the Temple." – Morris Epstein, All About Jewish Holidays and Customs pp 69, 70.


Question 6

What did the two wave loaves represent and what was the meaning of their being baked with leaven? Lev. 23:17; Matt. 13:33.


NOTE --- "Being two in number (Lev. 23:17) and made from wheat, the wave-loaves are figurative of Judah and Israel, twelve tribes. Being baken with leaven, shows that they are leavened with the Truth." – The Law of Moses in the Light of Revelation 14, page 3. (Parenthesis belong to quote)


" . . . man cannot transform himself by the exercise of his will. He possesses no power by which this change can be effected. The leaven – something wholly from without – must be put into the meal before the desired change can be wrought in it. So the grace of God must be received by the sinner before he can be fitted for the kingdom of glory. All the culture and education which the world can give will fail of making a degraded child of sin a child of heaven. The renewing energy must come from God. The change can be made only by the Holy Spirit. . . As the leaven, when mingled with the meal, works from within outward, so it is by the renewing of the heart that the grace of God works to transform the life. . . The leaven hidden in the flour works invisibly to bring the whole mass under its leavening process; so the leaven of truth works secretly, silently, steadily, to transform the soul." – Christ's Object Lessons, page 96, para. 2, page 97. para. 1, page 98, paragraph 3.


Question 7

What spiritual significance did the wave loaves have and how did it apply to the disciples in their day?


ANSWER --- "Both the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves were thank offerings


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for the first fruits. One was dedicated at the beginning of the harvest; the other at the completion of it. In contrast to the wave-sheaf of cut stalks of grain, prefiguring fruits to be gathered after the sheaf was offered, the wave-loaves, being a finished product, signified fruits previously gathered. . . And since the wave-sheaf was a figure of Christ (See Rom. 8:29; 1 S.M. 305) and of those who arose with Him as the first of the first fruits of the dead, hence the waveloaves were a figure of the 120 Spirit-filled disciples who were the full complement of first fruits of the dead (those who were to die), and who were gathered in after the resurrection." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No, 3, pages 78, 80. (Parentheses added)


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Lesson 5

4/24/71


MOUNT SINAI


MEMORY GEM: "And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly." – Exodus 19:18.

STUDY AIM: To show the significance of the first Pentecost experienced by the children of Israel at Mount Sinai.

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Introduction


"It is God's purpose to manifest through His people the principles of His kingdom. That in life and character they may reveal these principles, He desires to separate them from the customs, habits, and practices of the world. He seeks to bring them near to Himself, that He may make known to them His will. This was His purpose in the deliverance of Israel from Egypt. At the burning bush Moses received from God the message for the king of Egypt: 'Let My people go, that they may serve Me.' Exodus 7:16. With a mighty hand and an outstretched arm God brought out the Hebrew host from the land of bondage. Wonderful was the deliverance He wrought for them, punishing their enemies, who refused to listen to His word, with total destruction. God desired to take His people apart from the world and prepare them to receive His word. From Egypt He led them to Mount Sinai, where He revealed


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to them His glory. Here was nothing to attract their senses or divert their minds from God; and as the vast multitude looked at the lofty mountains towering above them, they could realize their own nothingness in the sight of God. Beside these rocks, immovable except by the power of the divine will, God communicated with men. And that His word might ever be clear and distinct in their minds, He proclaimed amid thunder and lightning and with terrible majesty the law which He had given in Eden and which was the transcript of His character. And the words were written on tables of stone by the finger of God. Thus the will of the infinite God was revealed to a people who were called to make known to every nation, kindred, and tongue the principles of His government in heaven and in earth." – Testimonies, Vol. 6, pages 9, 10.


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Question 1

At what time did the children of Israel leave Egypt? Ex. 12:21-43, 51; 13:3-10; Lev. 23:5,6.


NOTE --- "On the fourteenth day of the month (Abib – the first month of the year – Ex. 12:1,2), at even, the Passover was celebrated, its solemn, impressive ceremonies commemorating the deliverance from bondage in Egypt. . ." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539.


"At the time of their deliverance from Egypt, the children of Israel ate the Passover supper standing, with their loins girded, and with their staves in their hands, ready for their journey. The manner in which they celebrated this ordinance harmonized with their condition; for they were about to be thrust out of the land of Egypt, and were to begin a painful and difficult journey through the wilderness." – The Desire of Ages, page 653.


Question 2
How long did it take them to reach Sinai? Ex. 19:1,2.


Question 3

What mighty demonstration did they witness while there and what did they receive at that time? Ex. 19:3-25; 20:1-22; 24:1-4, 9-18.


NOTE --- "Soon after the encampment at Sinai, Moses was called up into the mountain to meet with God. Alone he climbed the steep and rugged path, and drew near to the cloud that marked the place of Jehovah's presence. . .


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The message to Moses for the people was: -- 'Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagle's wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all peoples; for all the earth is mine. And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation.' Moses returned to the camp, and having summoned the elders of Israel, he repeated to them the divine message. Their answer was, 'All that the Lord hath spoken we will do.' Thus they entered into a solemn covenant with God, pledging themselves to accept him as their ruler, by which they became, in a special sense, the subjects of his authority. Again their leader ascended the mountain. . . God purposed to make the occasion of speaking his law a scene of awful grandeur, in keeping with its exalted character. . . The Lord said to Moses, 'Go unto the people, and sanctify them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes, and be ready against the third day; for the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people upon Mount Sinai.' . . . On the morning of the third day, as the eyes of all the people were turned toward the mount, its summit was covered with a thick cloud, which grew more black and dense, sweeping downward until the entire mountain was wrapped in darkness and awful mystery. . . From the thick darkness flashed vivid lightnings, while peals of thunder echoed and re-echoed among the surrounding heights. 'And Mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire...' ... Speaking out of the thick darkness that enshrouded him, as he stood upon the mount, surrounded by a retinue of angels, the Lord made known his law." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 303, 304.


Moses


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Question 4

What two personages of the Godhead were present at that time and what did each give to Moses? Ex. 20:1-17; 24:12; 24:1-4.


NOTE --- "While Moses was in the mount, God presented to him, not only the tables of the law, but also the plan of salvation." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 330, paragraph 2.


"When they [Israel] came to Sinai, He took occasion to refresh their minds in regard to His requirements. Christ and the Father, standing side by side upon the mount, with solemn majesty proclaimed the Ten Commandments." – Historical Sketches, page 231. Also Evangelism, page 616.


"When the law was spoken, the Lord, the Creator of heaven and earth, stood by the side of His Son, enshrouded in the fire and the smoke on the mount. It was not here that the law was first given; but it was proclaimed that the children of Israel, whose ideas had become confused in their association with idolaters in Egypt, might be reminded of its terms, and understand what constitutes the true worship of Jehovah." – Signs of the Times, October 5, 1896.


"God graciously spoke his law and wrote it with his own finger on stone, making a solemn covenant with his people at Sinai." "Christ gave to Moses religious precepts which were to govern the everyday life. These statutes were explicitly given to guard the ten commandments. . . Christ, to enforce the will of his Father, became the author of the statutes and precepts given through Moses to the people of God." – The Review and Herald, May 6, 1875.


Question 5
What Feast commemorates this awesome occasion? Lev. 23:15,16,21.


NOTE --- "As a Torah Festival, Shavuot (Pentecost) is known as Z'man Matan Toratenu. This means 'The Time of the Giving of Our Law.' It was on Shavuot that God spoke to Moses atop Mount Sinai and gave the Israelites the Ten Commandments." – Morris Epstein, All About Jewish Holidays and Customs, page 68.


Question 6

What was the significance of this covenant made between God and His people? Ex.19:5,6; 34:10,11,27; Deut. 5:1-4.


NOTE --- "Israel was now to be taken into a close and peculiar relation to the Most High, – to be incorporated as a church and a nation under the government of God." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 303, paragraph 1.


"Upon descending from the mountain, 'Moses came and told the people all the


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words of the Lord, and all the judgments, and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the Lord hath said we will do.' This pledge, together with the words of the Lord which it bound them to obey, was written by Moses in a book. Then followed the ratification of the covenant." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 311, 312.


"From the outset of the journey from Egypt, lessons had been given for their training and discipline. Even before they left Egypt a temporary organization had been effected, and the people were arranged in companies, under appointed leaders. At Sinai the arrangements for organization were completed. The order so strikingly displayed in all the works of God was manifest in the Hebrew economy. God was the center of authority and government. Moses, as His representative, was to administer the laws in His name." – Education, p. 37.


"In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.' . . . Here is where the 430 years ended, beginning with Abraham going out of Ur. . . Here is where Moses organized a church, when he appointed seventy elders, and where God spoke to the people Himself. The experience at Sinai is a symbol of re-organization of the church, – God Himself takes charge of the flock." – The Shepherd's Rod, Volume 1, Fireside Edition, page 100.


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Lesson 6

5/1/71


CORONATION DAY Part I


MEMORY GEM: ". . . Christ's. . . enthronement in His mediatorial kingdom was signalized by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit." – Christ's Object Lessons, page 120.

STUDY AIM: To show another aspect of the significance of the day of Pentecost as it has been revealed through Inspiration.

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Introduction


"Since the Saviour shed his blood for the remission of sins, and ascended to heaven 'to appear in the presence of God for us,'


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light has been streaming from the cross of Calvary and from the holy places of the sanctuary above. But the clearer light granted us, should not cause us to despise that which in earlier times was received through the types pointing to the coming Saviour. The gospel of Christ sheds light upon the Jewish economy, and gives significance to the ceremonial law. As new truths are revealed, and that which has been known from the beginning is brought into clearer light, the character and purposes of God are made manifest in his dealings with his chosen people. Every additional ray of light that we receive gives us a clearer understanding of the plan of redemption, which is the working out of the divine will in the salvation of man. We see new beauty and force in the inspired word, and we study its pages with a deeper and more absorbing interest." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 367, 368.


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Question 1

What important event was signalized by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the 120? Acts 2:1-4.


NOTE --- "Christ's ascension to heaven was the signal that His followers were to receive the promised blessing. For this they were to wait before they entered upon their work. When Christ passed within the heavenly gates, He was enthroned amidst the adoration of the angels. As soon as this ceremony was completed, the Holy Spirit descended upon the disciples in rich currents, and Christ was indeed glorified, even with the glory which He had with the Father from all eternity. The Pentecostal outpouring was Heaven's communication that the Redeemer's inauguration was accomplished. According to His promise He had sent the Holy Spirit from heaven to His followers, as a token that He had, as priest and king, received all authority in heaven and on earth, and was the Anointed One over His people." – The Acts of the Apostles, pages 38, 39.


" . . . after Christ's ascension His enthronement in His mediatorial kingdom was signalized by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. On the day of Pentecost the Spirit was given." – Christ's Object Lessons, page 120.


"Pentecost is 'crowning time' (Coronation Day) ... " – Crowned in the Wilderness, page 4.


Question 2

How is this borne out in the anointing and crowning of Saul, Israel's first king? 1 Sam. 8:1-22; 9:1-27; 10:1-27; 11:1-15; 12: 1-25.


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NOTE --- "Saul was the son of a powerful and wealthy chief, yet in accordance with the simplicity of the times, he was engaged with his father in the humble duties of a husbandman. Some of his father's animals having strayed upon the mountains, Saul went with a servant to seek for them. For three days they searched in vain, when, as they were not far from Ramah, the home of Samuel, the servant proposed that they should enquire of the prophet concerning the missing property. . . At the gate of the city, Saul was met by the prophet himself. God had revealed to Samuel that at that time the chosen king of Israel would present himself before him. As they now stood face to face, the Lord said to Samuel, 'Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reign over my people.' To the request of Saul, 'Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is,' Samuel replied, 'I am the seer.' Assuring him also that the lost animals had been found, he urged him to tarry and attend the feast, at the same time giving some intimation of the great destiny before him. . . at the prophet's direction, the place of honor was given to Saul, and at the feast the choicest portion was set before him. The services over, Samuel took his guest to his own home, and there. . . communed with him, setting forth the great principles on which the government of Israel had been established, and thus seeking to prepare him, in some measure, for his high station. When Saul departed, early next morning, the prophet went forth with him. Having passed through the town, he directed the servant to go forward. Then he bade Saul stand still to receive a message sent him from God. 'And Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because Jehovah hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance?' As evidence that this was done by divine authority, he foretold the incidents that would occur on the homeward journey. . . As Saul went on his way, all came to pass as the prophet had said. . . In the plain of Tabor he met three men who were going to worship God at Bethel. One of them carried three kids for sacrifice (Lev. 23:19), another three loaves of bread (Lev. 23:17), and the third a bottle of wine (Num. 28:31), for the sacrificial feast. They gave Saul the usual salutation, and also presented him with two of the three loaves of bread." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 608-610.


"Samuel now proposed that a national assembly should be convoked at Gilgal, that the kingdom might there be publicly confirmed to Saul. . . Upon this plain. . . stood Samuel and Saul; and when the shouts of welcome to the king had died away, the aged prophet gave his parting words as ruler of the nation . . .'Now therefore,' continued Samuel, 'stand and see this great thing, which the Lord will do before your eyes. Is it not wheat harvest to-day? I will call unto the Lord, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the Lord, in asking you a king. So Samuel called unto the Lord; and the Lord sent thunder and rain that day.' At the time of wheat harvest, in May and June (Pentecost), no rain fell in the East. . . So violent a storm at this season filled all hearts with fear." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 613:2; 614 top; 615:1.


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Question 3
In spite of Israel's sinning in asking for a king, what was this king to be?


ANSWER --- "The Lord forsaw that Israel would desire a king, but he did not consent to a change in the principles upon which the State was founded. The king was to be the vicegerent of the Most High. God was to be recognized as the head of the nation, and his law was to be enforced as the supreme law of the land." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 603, paragraph 2.


Question 4

In asking for a king, like the world, what had Israel failed to comprehend? 1 Sam. 8:6-10.


NOTE --- ". . . we will have a king over us; that we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.' 'Like all the nations.' – The Israelites did not realize that to be in this respect unlike other nations was a special privilege and blessing. God had separated the Israelites from every other people, to make them his own peculiar treasure. But they, disregarding this high honor, eagerly desired to imitate the example of the heathen! . . . Samuel's life of purity and unselfish devotion was a perpetual rebuke both to self-serving priests and elders, and to the proud, sensual congregation of Israel. Although he assumed no pomp and made no display, his labors bore the signet of Heaven. He was honored by the world's Redeemer, under whose guidance HE RULED THE HEBREW NATION. But the people had become weary of his piety and devotion; they despised his humble authority, and rejected HIM for a man who should rule them as a king." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 607, paragraphs 1, 2 and 4.


"God had raised up Samuel to judge Israel. He was honored by all the people. God was to be acknowledged as their great Head, yet he designated their RULERS, and imbued them with his Spirit, and communicated his will to them through his angels, that they might instruct the people. God also gave special evidences to the people, by his mighty works performed through the agency of his chosen rulers, that they might have confidence that he had invested them with authority which could not be lightly set aside. God was angry with his people because they demanded a king. He gave them a king in his wrath." – Spiritual Gifts, Volume 4, page 67, paragraphs 1 and 2.


Question 5

What events proved Saul unworthy of the high honor God had given him? 1 Sam. 13:1-14; 15:1-35.


NOTE --- "If Saul had shown a regard for the requirements of God in this time of trial, God could have worked his will through him. His failure now


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proved him unfit to be the vicegerent of God to his people. He would mislead Israel. His will, rather than the will of God, would be the controlling power. If Saul had been faithful, his kingdom would have been established forever; but since he had failed, the purpose of God must be accomplished by another. The government of Israel must be committed to one who would rule the people according to the will of Heaven." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 621, para. 4.


"Saul had failed to bear the test of faith in the trying situation at Gilgal, and had brought dishonor upon the service of God; but his errors were not yet irretrievable, and the Lord would grant him another opportunity to learn the lesson of unquestioning faith in his word and obedience to his commands." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 627, paragraph 1.


"This victory over the Amalekites was the most brilliant victory that Saul had ever gained, and it served to rekindle the pride of heart that was his greatest peril. The divine edict devoting the enemies of God to utter destruction was but partially fulfilled. . . Saul had now been subjected to the final test. His presumptuous disregard of the will of God, showing his determination to rule as an independent monarch, proved that he could not be trusted with royal power as the vicegerent of the Lord." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 629:2, 3.


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Lesson 7

5/8/71


CORONATION DAY Part II


MEMORY GEM: ". . . the Lord hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the Lord hath commanded him to be captain over his people. . ." – 1 Samuel 13:14.

STUDY AIM: To show the events connected with David being crowned king of Israel.

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Introduction


"When God called David from his father's sheepfold to anoint him king of Israel, He saw in him one to whom He could impart His Spirit. David was susceptible to the influence of the Holy Spirit, and the Lord in His providence trained him for His service, preparing him to carry out His purposes. Christ was the Master-builder of his character." – Manuscript 163, 1902.


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Question 1

Because of Saul's failure to serve God correctly what pronouncement was given him by the prophet Samuel? 1 Sam. 13:11-14.


NOTE --- "In Saul, God had given to Israel a king after their own heart, as Samuel said when the kingdom was confirmed to Saul at Gilgal, 'Behold the king whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have desired.' Comely in person, of noble stature and princely bearing, his appearance accorded with their conceptions of royal dignity; and his personal valor and his ability in the conduct of armies, were the qualities which they regarded as best calculated to secure respect and honor from other nations. . . They had not sought counsel from God as to the qualities a ruler should possess, in order to preserve their distinctive, holy character as his chosen people. They were not seeking God's way, but their own way. . . Yet the Lord, having placed on Saul the responsibility of the kingdom, did not leave him to himself. He caused the Holy Spirit to rest upon Saul to reveal to him his own weakness, and his need of divine grace; and had Saul relied upon God, God would have been with him. . . But when Saul chose to act independently of God, the Lord could no longer be his guide, and was forced to set him aside. Then he called to the throne 'a man after his own heart;' – not one who was faultless in character, but who, instead of trusting to himself, would rely upon God, and be guided by his Spirit; who when he sinned, would submit to reproof and correction." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 636, paragraphs 1 and 2.


Question 2
Who was this man after God's own heart that was to take Saul's place? 1 Sam. 16:1-13.


NOTE --- "Centuries before the advent of the Saviour. David, in the freshness of boyhood, kept watch of his flocks as they grazed on the hills surrounding Bethlehem. . . While David was thus living in the retirement of his humble shepherd's life the Lord God was speaking about him to the prophet Samuel. 'And the Lord said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite; for I have provided me a king among his sons. As Samuel beheld with pleasure the handsome, manly, modest shepherd boy, the voice of the Lord spoke to the prophet, saying, 'Arise anoint him; for this is he.' David had proved himself brave and faithful in the humble office of a shepherd, and now God had chosen him to be captain of his people. 'Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of [from among] his brethren; and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward.' The prophet had accomplished his appointed work, and with a relieved heart he returned to Ramah. Samuel had not made known his errand, even to the family of Jesse, and the ceremony of anointing David had been performed in secret." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 637, 641.


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"God selected David, a humble shepherd, to rule his people. He was strict in all the ceremonies connected with the Jewish religion, and he distinguished himself by his boldness and unwavering trust in God. He was remarkable for his fidelity and reverence. His firmness, humility, love of justice, and decision of character, qualified him to carry out the high purposes of God, to instruct Israel in their devotions, and to rule them as a generous and wise monarch. His religious character was sincere and fervent. It was while David was thus true to God, and possessing these exalted traits of character, that God calls him a man after his own heart." – Spiritual Gifts, Volume 4, pages 85. 86.


Question 3

Although anointed of God, for what did David wait before seeking his rightful place upon the throne? 2 Sam. 1:1-27; 2:1-7.


NOTE --- "David's grief at the death of Saul was sincere and deep, evincing the generosity of a noble nature. He did not exult in the fall of his enemy. The obstacle that had barred his access to the throne of Israel was removed, but at this he did not rejoice. Death had obliterated the remembrance of Saul's distrust and cruelty, and now nothing in his history was thought of but that which was noble and kingly. The name of Saul was linked with that of Jonathan, whose friendship had been so true and so unselfish. . . The death of Saul removed the dangers that had made David an exile. The way was now open for him to return to his own land. When the days of mourning for Saul and Jonathan were ended, 'David inquired of the Lord, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the Lord said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.' . . . David and his followers immediately prepared to obey the instruction which they had received from God . . . As the caravan entered the city, the men of Judah were waiting to welcome David as the future king of Israel. Arrangements were at once made for his coronation. 'And there they anointed David king over the house of Judah.' But no effort was made to establish his authority, by force, over the other tribes." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 695:3; 696 top; 697:1 and 3.


"The conduct of David toward Saul has a lesson. By command of God, Saul had been anointed as king of Israel. Because of his disobedience, the Lord declared that the kingdom should be taken from him; and yet how tender and courteous and forbearing was the conduct of David toward him!" – The Ministry of Healing, pages 485, 486.


Question 4
Was David accepted as king over all Israel at this time? 2 Sam. 3:1.


NOTE --- ". . . David's reign was not to be free from trouble. With his coronation began the dark record of conspiracy and rebellion. David did not


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sit upon a traitor's throne; God had chosen him to be king of Israel, and there had been no occasion for distrust or opposition. Yet hardly had his authority been acknowledged by the men of Judah, when through the influence of Abner, Ishbosheth, the son of Saul, was proclaimed king, and set upon a rival throne in Israel." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 698, paragraph 1.


Question 5

How long did David have to wait before becoming king over all Israel? 2 Sam. 5:1-5; 1 Kings 2:11.


David crowned king

David Crowned King


NOTE --- "After the death of Ishbosheth, there was a general desire among the leading men of Israel that David should become king of all the tribes. . . More than eight thousand of the descendants of Aaron, and of the Levites waited upon David. The change in the sentiments of the people was marked and decisive. The revolution was quiet and dignified, befitting the great work they were doing. Nearly half a million souls, the former subjects of Saul, thronged Hebron and its environs. . . The hour for the coronation was appointed; the man who had been expelled from the court of Saul, who had fled to the mountains and hills and to the caves of the earth to preserve his life, was about to receive the highest honor that can be conferred upon man by his fellow-men. Priests and elders clothed in the garments of their sacred office, officers and soldiers with glittering spear and helmet, and strangers from long distances, stood to


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witness the coronation of the chosen king. David was arrayed in the royal robe. The sacred oil was put upon his brow by the high priest; for the anointing by Samuel had been prophetic of what would take place at the inauguration of the king. The time had come, and David, by solemn rite, was consecrated to his office as God's vicegerent. The scepter was placed in his hands. The covenant of his righteous sovereignty was written, and the people gave their pledges of loyalty. The diadem was placed upon his brow, and the coronation ceremony was over. Israel had a king by divine appointment. He who had waited patiently for the Lord, beheld the promise of God fulfilled. 'And David went on, and grew great, and the Lord God of hosts was with him.' " – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 701, paragraphs 2 and 3; 702 top.


Question 6

What promise was made to David concerning the throne of Israel? 1 Kings 2:4; 8:25; 9:5; 2 Chron. 6:16; Jer. 33:17; Ps. 132:11.


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Lesson 8

5/15/71


A LATTER-DAY PENTECOST


MEMORY GEM: "And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:" – Joel 2:28.

STUDY AIM: To show that there is to be an even greater outpouring of the Holy Spirit's power today than there was in the days of the apostles.

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Introduction


". . .With great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus; and great grace was upon them all, 'And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.' The Spirit of Christ animated the whole congregation; for they had found the pearl of great price. These scenes are to be repeated, and with greater power. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost was the former rain, but the latter rain will be more abundant. The Spirit awaits our demand and reception. Christ is again to be revealed in His


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fulness by the Holy Spirit's power. Men will discern the value of the precious pearl, and with the apostle Paul they will say, 'What things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord." – Christ's Object Lessons, page 121.


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Question 1

Upon what great prophecy was Peter's sermon based on the day of Pentecost? Acts 2: 14-21; Joel 2:28-32.


NOTE --- "In answer to the accusation of the priests, Peter showed that this demonstration was in direct fulfilment of the prophecy of Joel, wherein he foretold that such power would come upon men, to fit them for a special work." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 41, paragraph 1.


Question 2
Was this prophecy of Joel's limited only to the time of the apostles? Acts 3:19-21.


NOTE --- "The great work of the gospel is not to close with less manifestation of the power of God than marked its opening. The prophecies which were fulfilled in the outpouring of the former rain at the opening of the gospel are again to be fulfilled in the latter rain at its close. Here are 'the times of refreshing' to which the apostle Peter looked forward when he said: 'Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord; and He shall send Jesus.' Acts 3:19, 20." – The Great Controversy, pages 611, 612.


"This prophecy of Joel, which speaks of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in the last days, was not all fulfilled at the beginning of the gospel dispensation. This is evident from the wonders in heaven and in earth, introduced in this text, which were to be precursors of 'the great and terrible day of the Lord.' Though we have had the signs, that terrible day is still in the future." – R. F. Cottrell, Early Writings, page 142, paragraph 2.


Question 3

Why is there need for an outpouring of the Holy Spirit in these last days? Matt. 24: 24; 2 Thess. 2:1-17.


NOTE --- "Why has the history of the work of the disciples, as they labored with holy zeal, animated and vitalized by the Holy Spirit, been recorded, if it is not that from this record the Lord's people today are to gain an


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inspiration to work earnestly for Him? What the Lord did for His people in that time, it is just as essential, and more so, that He do for His people today. . . We are to work with as much more fervor, to be accompanied by the Holy Spirit in as much greater measure, as the increase in wickedness demands a more decided call to repentance. . . A work similar to that which the Lord did through His delegated messengers after the Day of Pentecost He is waiting to do today." – Testimonies for the Church, Volume 7, page 33, paragraphs 1, 2.


"We should pray as earnestly for the descent of the Holy Spirit as the disciples prayed on the day of Pentecost. If they needed the Spirit's power at that time, we need it more today. All manner of false doctrines, heresies, and deceptions are misleading the minds of men; and without the Spirit's aid, our efforts to present divine truth will be in vain." – Review and Herald, February 10, 1903.


Question 4

At what time can God's people look for this outpouring of the Holy Spirit's power? Acts 2:1-4; Lev. 23:15,16.


NOTE --- "The slaying of the Passover lamb was a shadow of the death of Christ. . . The sheaf of first fruits, which at the time of the Passover was waved before the Lord, was typical of the resurrection of Christ. . . These types were fufilled, not only as to the event, but as to the time. On the fourteenth day of the first Jewish month, the very day and month on which for fifteen long centuries the Passover lamb had been slain, Christ, having eaten the Passover with His disciples, instituted that feast which was to commemorate His own death as 'the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.' That same night He was taken by wicked hands to be crucified and slain. And as the antitype of the wave sheaf our Lord was raised from the dead on the third day, 'the first fruits of them that slept,'. . . In like manner the types which relate to the second advent (important events like Pentecost) must be fulfilled at the time pointed out in the symbolic service (Ceremonial Law)." – Great Controversy, pages 399, 400.


". . . When Pentecost does come, it will come on Sunday, showing that God begins His work of re-creation on the first day of the week just as He did His work of creation." – Pentecost Fire, page 2.


Question 5

What will be the result of this outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the antitypical day of Pentecost? Rev. 7:9; 9:16-21; Isa. 66:20; Zech. 2:11,12.


NOTE --- Prophetically envisioning in the long ago this glorious day of triumph for the people and the church of God, and for the 'everlasting gospel,' Inspiration jubilantly declared:


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"A compelling power moved the honest, while the manifestation of the power of God brought a fear and restraint upon their unbelieving relatives and friends so that they dared not, neither had they the power to, hinder those who felt the work of the Spirit of God upon them. The last call was carried even to the poor slaves, and the pious among them poured forth their songs of rapturous joy at the prospect of their happy deliverance. Their masters could not check them; fear and astonishment kept them silent. Mighty miracles were wrought, the sick were healed, and signs and wonders followed the believers. God was in the work, and every saint, fearless of consequences, followed the convictions of his own conscience and united with those who were keeping all the commandments of God; and with power they sounded abroad the third message. I saw that this message will close with power and strength far exceeding the midnight cry. Servants of God, endowed with power from on high, with their faces lighted up, and shining with holy consecration, went forth to proclaim the message from heaven. Souls that were scattered all through the religious bodies answered the call, and the precious were hurried out of the doomed churches, as Lot was hurried out of Sodom before her destruction. God's people were strengthened by the excellent glory which rested upon them in rich abundance and prepared them to endure the hour of temptation. I heard everywhere a multitude of voices saying, 'Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.' " – Early Writings, pages 278, 279.


"As the saints left the cities and villages, they were pursued by the wicked, who sought to slay them. But the swords that were raised to kill God's people broke and fell as powerless as a straw." – Early Writings, pages 284, 285.


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Lesson 9

5/22/71


THE TRUE PENTECOSTAL CHURCH


MEMORY GEM: ". . . Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call." – Acts 2:38, 39.

STUDY AIM: To point out who the recipients of the true Pentecostal power will be.

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Introduction


"Never before was the doctrine of miracles, especially of tongues and of healing, so variously agitated, urged, and practiced as it is throughout Christendom today. Yet never was there greater doubt as to the genuineness of the manifestations. And when confronted by the agitators of these miracles, those who do not believe in or accept them, nor possess their powers, resort to saying just about anything they can think of in their effort to counter the phenomena and to comfort themselves with their own limited spiritual attainments. To clear away the smoke which has resulted from this fiery issue between these two hostile camps of Christians, and to expose the truth on the subject, which the master enemy has so completely covered up, is Inspiration's purpose herein." – Timely Greetings, Volume 2, No. 46, page 23.


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Question 1

What is the only way to clear the truth on this important Bible subject on the gift of the Holy Spirit? Isa. 8:19,20; 1 Cor. 10:11.


NOTE --- ". . . through types and symbols He (God) makes wise the simple and confounds the prudent by showing that where there is no type there is no truth." – The Shepherd's Rod, Volume 2, page 10.


" 'To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.' . . . The people of God are directed to the Scriptures as their safeguard against the influence of false teachers and the delusive power of spirits of darkness. Satan employs every possible device to prevent men from obtaining a knowledge of the Bible; for its plain utterances reveal his deceptions. . . The last great delusion is soon to open before us. Antichrist is to perform his marvelous works in our sight. So closely will the counterfeit resemble the true that it will be impossible to distinguish between them except by the Holy Scriptures. By their testimony every statement and every miracle must be tested." – Great Controversy, page 593. paragraph 1.


Question 2

What saith the Scriptures? How did the Holy Spirit manifest itself in the type, in the days of the apostles? Acts 2:1-12.


NOTE --- "Basic to a right understanding of the entire subject is the fun-


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damental fact that on the day of Pentecost the disciples truly spoke in all the languages of the people that were then present. From this pivotal point, no one can diverge, and yet believe the record, or know the truth it contains." – Timely Greetings, Volume 2, No. 46, pages 23 and 24.


Question 3
Do any have this same gift today? If not, why? Acts 2:4.


NOTE --- "Although this subject is confounded by controversy, yet there stands forth out of it the indisputable fact that, regardless of anyone's claims, no other sect or people, since the miracle-endowed disciples passed away, have possessed the gift which all of the 120 received on the Pentecost. Hence the plain truth is that that gift subsequently lifted its wings, as it were, and departed from among men, as verily as did the disciples themselves, and that never since that day has it remanifested itself. Would any take issue with this assertion, then all that is necessary to discredit it is for them either to open their mouths and speak the languages of us all today, as the apostles spoke the languages of the people in their day, or to produce historical record of such a manifestation since then. But in the continued absence of such evidence, what then? Will this gift ever remanifest itself? If so, when? Why not now? In order satisfactorily to answer these questions, we must first consider the conditions upon which the early disciples of Christ received the gift of miracles, for only similar conditions will bring similar results. First of all, everyone of the disciples, it will be remembered, came to one accord (Acts 2:1) before they received the gift. Before the Pentecost, though, they were jealous of one another and were desiring to excel one another in position, prestige, and all else. Christendom today is even worse off; in fact, it is worse than at any other time. Never before has there been such controversy, such wrangling, such accusing and damning, in trying to exalt self and down the other. This is not, in particular, with regard to the fact that one sect disagrees with another, for all know that were there no differences, there would be no sects. Rather, what is of special concern is the fact that scarcely even two individuals within one sect agree on all points of teaching and practice. , . Since it is therefore strictly Biblical that God will not bestow the gift of miracles upon a people other than those who as a group come to one accord, who come to 'see eye to eye' and since the Spirit cannot effect this unity and harmony now while the tares are commingled with the wheat, then all might as well reconcile themselves to the educative discipline of waiting on the Lord until 'harvest' – till the tares, the discordant or false ones, are purged out. Those who will not wait, but are impatient to possess the power right now to work wonders, will beguile themselves with a spurious gift. Bent on having the gift of miracle-working power that is being acclaimed rather than the gifts made available for the hastening of the harvest, they satisfy themselves with the counterfeit which is current. . ." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 46, pages 24-27. (Paren. belong)


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Question 4

Who are the only group of people since the apostles, who have the unity needed to receive this gift of the Holy Spirit? Rev. 2:7,11,17,26; 3:5,12; 7:4-8; 14:1-5; 15:2-4.


NOTE --- "The living saints 144,000 in number knew and understood the voice, while the wicked thought it was thunder and an earthquake. When God spoke the time, He poured upon us the Holy Ghost and our faces began to light up and shine with the glory of God, as Moses' did when he came down from Mount Sinai. The 144,000 were all sealed and perfectly united. On their foreheads was written, God, New Jerusalem, and a glorious star containing Jesus' new name. At our happy, holy state the wicked were enraged, and would rush violently up to lay hands on us to thrust us into prison, when we would stretch forth the hand in the name of the Lord, and they would fall helpless to the ground. Then it was that the synagogue of Satan knew that God had loved us who could wash one another's feet and salute the brethren with a holy kiss, and they worshiped at our feet." – Early Writings, page 15, paragraph 1.


Question 5
How is this substantiated by type and antitype? Matt. 3:16; 4:23-25; Acts 1:15; 2:41, 47.


NOTE ---"To get into the full beam of light, we must first face the fact that the pre-pentecostal harvest took place in a self-deceived church, the Jewish; and through miracle-working power manifested by Christ Himself, it yielded the 120 disciples, the first fruits of those who are to be resurrected. Whereas the post-pentecostal harvest took place among the nations; and through miracle-power manifested by the Spirit-filled 120 disciples, it yielded an innumerable multitude of converts to Christianity (Acts 2:41,47), the second fruits of those who are to be resurrected. Now to summarize the types before the Pentecost: (1) the first fruits were numbered; (2) they came exclusively from the church itself; (3) the miracles then wrought were by Christ Himself. Now coming to the types after the Pentecost: (1) the second fruits were not numbered; (2) they came from the nations; (3) the miracles then wrought were by the numbered ones (the 120), the first fruits. Accordingly, the antitypical Pre-pentecostal harvest takes place in a self-deceived church, the Laodicean, 'the house of God'; and through miracle-working power manifested by Heaven itself in the angels (Matt. 13:39), it yields the 144,000, the first fruits of those who are never to die. Whereas the antitypical post-pentecostal harvest takes place among the nations; and through miracle-working power manifested by the Spirit-filled 144,000, it yields the great multitude which no man can number (Rev. 7:9), the second fruits, of those who are never to die." – Timely Greetings, Volume 2, No. 46, pp. 27, 28. (Paren. belong to quote)


Question 6

How can God's people be in this number and how will they be able to discern the true power from the false? Mal.4:4; Rev. 12:17.


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NOTE --- "The church has been waiting years for the Spiritual outpouring. Therefore, let us 'reason together'. Isa. 1:18, and pray that we may come to the place that we can see eye to eye on this vital doctrine, so that God can bestow upon the church the antitypical Pentecostal power which she must have before she can finish the Gospel work in the world. Those who keep the Feastday of the Pentecost will be in God's favor and receive the Pentecostal outpouring as soon as the church, through obedience to the Truth, brings herself into harmony with the work of our High Priest on this vital point. The Truth reveals that God will give the power of His Spirit on the very day of Pentecost. In this way He will distinguish His true followers, from those who receive the false power by Satan." – God's Holy Feasts, pages 6 and 7.


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Lesson 10

5/29/71


THE CROWNING IN THE WILDERNESS


MEMORY GEM: "Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel." – Hos. 1:11.

STUDY AIM: To show that in the process of restoring all things, God is again to restore the kingdom to His people, and to rule over them through His vicegerent, as He did in ancient Israel under Moses and Joshua, David and Solomon.

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Introduction


"John, the son of Zebedee, had been one of the first two disciples who had followed Jesus. He and his brother James had been among the first group who had left all for His service. . . At every possible opportunity, John took his place next the Saviour, and James longed to be honored with as close connection with Him. Their mother was a follower of Christ, and had ministered to Him freely of her substance. With a mother's love and ambition for her sons she coveted for them the most honored place in the new kingdom. For this she encouraged


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them to make request. Together the mother and her sons came to Jesus, asking that He would grant a petition on which their hearts were set, 'What would ye that I should do for you?' He questioned. The mother answered, 'Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on Thy right hand, and the other on the left, in Thy kingdom.' Jesus bears tenderly with them, not rebuking their selfishness in seeking preference over their brethren. . . He said, 'Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?' They recall His mysterious words, pointing to trial and suffering, yet answer confidently, 'We are able.' They would count it highest honor to prove their loyalty by sharing all that is to befall their Lord. 'Ye shall drink indeed of My cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with,' He said; before Him a cross instead of a throne. . . John and James were to share with their Master in suffering; the one, first of the brethren to perish with the sword; the other, longest of all to endure toil, and reproach, and persecution. 'But to sit on My right hand, and on My left,' He continued, 'is not Mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of My Father." – Desire of Ages, pages 548, 549.


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Question 1

What condemnation was passed upon the last king of Judah and what became of the crown he possessed? Eze. 21:25-27; Hos. 3:4.


NOTE --- "Foremost among those who were rapidly leading the nation to ruin, was Zedekiah their king. Forsaking utterly the counsels of the Lord as given through the prophets, forgetting the debt of gratitude he owed Nebuchadnezzar, violating his solemn oath of allegiance taken in the name of the Lord God of Israel, Judah's king rebelled against the prophets, against his benefactor, and against his God. . . To the 'profane wicked prince' had come the day of final reckoning. 'Remove the diadem,' the Lord decreed, 'and take off the crown.' . . 'I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it,' was the divine edict concerning the throne of the house of David; 'and it shall be no more, until He come whose right it is; and I will give it Him.' " – Prophets and Kings, pages, 450, 451.


Question 2

Was the kingdom and the crown ever to be restored to God's people? When? Dan. 2:44, 45; 7:15-28; Micah 4:1-7; Isa. 2:2-5; Eze. 36:1-38.


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NOTE --- "The final overthrow of all earthly dominions is plainly foretold in the word of truth. In the prophecy uttered when sentence from God was pronounced upon the last king of Israel is given the message: 'Thus saith the Lord God; Remove the diadem, and take off the crown:. . . exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high. I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, until He come whose right it is; and I will give it Him.' . . . The crown removed from Israel passed successively to the kingdoms of Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. God says, 'It shall be no more, until He come whose right it is; and I will give it Him.' That time is at hand. Today the signs of the times declare that we are standing on the threshold of great and solemn events. . . The present is a time of overwhelming interest to all living." – Education, page 179.


"Not until Christ Himself should set up His kingdom, was Judah again to be permitted to have a king." – Prophets and Kings, page 451, paragraph 2.


"We hold it to be a simple, self-evident truth that as the stone (Dan. 2:34) is symbolical of the Kingdom, and that as it smites the toes of the image, It necessarily must be set up before It smites them, just as Daniel said: 'In the days of these kings [toe-kings: the kings of today] shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom.' 'In the days of these kings,' cannot mean after their days. And unless the Kingdom is set up (brought into being), It cannot smite the nations." – The Answerer, Book No. 1, page 24, para. 2. (Paren. and brackets belong)


Question 3


Who is the one that is to have this crown when it is restored? Hos.3:5; Isa. 55:1-5; Jer. 30:4-9; Eze. 34:23,24; 37:21-28; Zech. 12:6-8; 6:11; 3:1-7; Rev. 2:26,27; 3:21; 3:12; Luke 19:14.


NOTE --- "But to sit on My right hand, and on My left,' He (Jesus) continued, 'is not Mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of My Father.' In the kingdom of God, position is not gained through favoritism. It is not earned, nor is it received through an arbitrary bestowal. It is the result of character. THE CROWN AND THE THRONE are the tokens of a condition attained; they are the tokens of self-conquest through our Lord Jesus Christ. Long afterward, when the disciple had been brought into sympathy with Christ through the fellowship of His sufferings, the Lord revealed to John what is the condition of nearness in His kingdom. 'To him that overcometh,' Christ said, 'will I grant to sit with Me in My throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with My Father in His throne.' 'Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of My God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of My God, . . . and I will write upon him My new name.' Revelation 3:21, 12." – Desire of Ages, page 549. See also A. A. 543.


"I saw that God would raise up a Joshua that would lead us into the kingdom."


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– Review and Herald, May 29, 1860.


". . . Joshua is Heaven's appointed judge, ruler. He himself is CROWNED as such." – Timely Greetings, Volume 1, No. 8, page 26.


"Observe that in the message which they 'sent after Him,' his servants did not say, 'We will not have you to reign over us,' But rather, 'we will not have THIS MAN TO REIGN OVER US.' What they objected to was Christ's reigning over them through someone else. Clearly, then, before He is coronated, and prior to His return to reckon with His servants, He appoints a 'man' to reign over them in His stead, Whereupon they say to Him, by their attitude and stand toward His message, 'We will not have this man to reign over us,' although 'THIS MAN,' as we now see, IS THE ANTITYPICAL DAVID (the 'simple means'), the VISIBLE KING." – Mount Zion At "The Eleventh Hour", Tract No. 8, page 71, paragraph 1.


"Whereas antitypical Ezekiel is depicted as the judge, at the same time, Zechariah says he is 'Joshua,' In the symbolism of joining the two sticks, Ezekiel calls God's servant 'David.' In John (chapter ten) Jesus says he is the 'porter' who opens the Door to the Kingdom. Luke states he is the 'one' left in charge of the work and His citizens are so displeased with the 'one,' to the point where they hate the Lord for it and send Him a message saying so. Malachi states that the 'one' the Lord puts in charge, with whom His citizens are displeased is 'Elijah.' . . . Joshua of old was chosen to lead Israel. . . into the Promised Land and to purify the camp. . . So it is with antitypical Joshua. All these are depicted as one and the same individual who brings to the church the message of Christ's Righteousness, the Investigative Judgment of the Living. . ." – The Man On The White Horse, pages 28, 29.


Question 4

Where is this crowning to take place and when? Rev. 12:6; Hos. 2:14-23; Eze. 20:33-37; 34:20-25; Hos, 1:10,11; 3:4,5.


NOTE --- "Having brought her into as strait and embarrassing circumstances as one can be in, God promises to allure her, and to bring her into the wilderness, there to speak comfortably to her. Specifically speaking, having emerged from the 'great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world' (Matt. 24:21), God brings her, not into her vineyard, not in the Promised Land, but into the 'wilderness' (into the lands of the Gentiles), there to speak comfortably to her, and to help her reform. After this comforting meeting takes place she is to have her vineyards from thence, and the Valley of Achor for a door of hope; . . . The Valley of Achor, you note, is her door of hope – it is the only way out of her predicament. The valley has but one significance: it stands for a thorough purging, for destroying the sinners that are in her midst before possessing the land – her only hope of becoming a decent, respectable


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wife of God. It was in the Valley of Achor that Joshua stoned the last of the sinners in Israel – Achan and his household. Then it was that the Israelite nation was permitted to take the promised land, the vineyard. . . That remarkable incident in the Valley of Achor is now seen to typify the purging for the repossession of the promised land – typifying the Judgment for the Living. . . " – Timely Greetings, Volume 2, No. 21, page 12, paragraphs 1-3.


David Crowned


"The prophet Hosea, too, was shown this great ingathering of all God's people now at the eleventh hour. . . Hosea's. . . vision (Hos. 3:4, 5; 1:11) not only projects God's tearing down His ancient (typical) Kingdom, and His consequently scattering His people world-wide, thus causing them to lose their identity and to become assimilated by the Gentile nations during these many centuries, but also projects the glorious restoration of His Kingdom (the antitype), and His subsequently gathering into It His people from all nations, while He is closing the work of the gospel. Moreover, the contents of Hosea's timely vision deci-


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sively point out that this great world-wide work of ingathering cannot begin till 'Jezreel' appears on the scene. And who can sanely suppose that Satan will let this CROWNING, eleventh-hour achievement of the gospel come to pass without a last-ditch encounter with the mightiest forces of darkness? Nor may anyone even for a moment suppose that the Almighty did not foreknow the situation and did not provide the means by which to meet it, one of which is the allegorical name Jezreel, the pen name for His eleventh-hour agent." – The White House Recruiter, pages 64, 65.


". . . we are definitely told (in the foregoing Scriptures) that in the latter days, God's saints, without a sinner among them (as a result of the work of Joshua, Elijah, etc.), are to be gathered together from the four corners of the earth, and be organized into a Theocratic government, of which antitypical David is to be the king." – Timely Greetings, Volume 2, No. 21, page 7.


"Pentecost is 'crowning time'. . . for the King. . . Therefore, at the end of the 120 years from the year 1850 when the First Testimony was written to the Church by E. G. White, Judah (DSDA) and Israel (SDA). . . gathered together June 14, 1970, (at) New Mt. Carmel Center, Waco, Texas, in the WILDERNESS to appoint themselves ONE HEAD." – Crowned in the Wilderness, page 4.


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Lesson 11

6/5/71


PREPARATION FOR PENTECOST


MEMORY GEM: "If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?" – Luke 11:13,

STUDY AIM: To show the requirements necessary for receiving the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in power.

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Introduction


"Are we striving with all our power to attain to the stature of men and women in Christ? Are we seeking for His fullness, ever pressing toward the mark set before us – the perfection of His character? When the Lord's people reach this mark, they will be sealed in their foreheads. Filled with the Spirit, they will be complete in Christ, and the recording angel will


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declare, 'It is finished.' " – Review and Herald, June 10, 1902. Quoted in The SDA Bible Commentary, page 1118.


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Question 1

In order to receive the outpouring of the Holy Spirit what are we counseled to do? John 14:13; 15:16; 16:23,24.


NOTE --- "My brethren and sisters, plead for the Holy Spirit. God stands back of every promise He has made. With your Bibles in your hands say, 'I have done as Thou hast said. I present Thy promise, 'Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you' (Matt. 7:7). Christ declares, 'What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them' (Mark 11:24). 'Whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do. . . ' (John 14:13)." – Review and Herald, April 30, 1908.


Question 2

Since many have prayed for the power of the Holy Spirit, during the years, why have their prayers not been answered as they would like? James 4:3; Prov. 1:28-30.


NOTE --- "From time to time many zealous individual and group Christian Movements have launched impressive prayer-marathons in a determined, persevering effort to bring about the fulfilment of the promised outpouring of the Holy Spirit, even the 'latter rain.' Because, though, these periodic efforts have invariably ended in heart-breaking disappointment and frustration, thousands of souls have become confused and bewildered, given up their faith completely, and perhaps sunk into infidelity. Yet no student of the Scriptures will deny that the Bible does definitely hold forth the promise of a singularly dynamic manifestation of the Holy Spirit, to bestow upon all believers a special outpouring of power such as the apostles received on the day of Pentecost, yes, even greater. Then the answer to the question, Why do we not now receive It? inescapably is, Because the conditions for receiving it have not as yet been met. When they are met, this sure promise of God will be instantaneously fulfilled, even as it was with the apostles. Therefore, whatever is now keeping the Christian from receiving this greatest of the gifts, the hindrance must lie with him and not with God." – The Answerer, Book No. 1, pp. 88, 89.


Question 3

What did the disciples do before Pentecost besides pray for the outpouring of power ? Acts 1:14; 2:1; Ps. 133:1-3.


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NOTE --- "As the disciples waited for the fulfilment of the promise, they humbled their hearts in true repentance, and confessed their unbelief. . . The disciples prayed with intense earnestness for a fitness to meet men, and in their daily intercourse to speak words that would lead sinners to Christ. Putting away all differences, all desire for the supremacy, they came close together in Christian fellowship. . . These days of preparation were days of deep heart-searching. The disciples felt their spiritual need, and cried to the Lord for the holy unction that was to fit them for the work of soul-saving." – The Acts of the Apostles, pages 36. 37.


"Notice that it was after the disciples had come into perfect unity, when they were no longer striving for the highest place, that the Spirit was poured out. They were of one accord. All differences had been put away." – Testimonies for the Church, Volume 8, page 20.


"Only as they were united with Christ, could the disciples hope to have the accompanying power of the Holy Spirit, and the co-operation of angels of heaven." – The Acts of the Apostles, pages 90, 91.


". . . God will not bestow the gift of miracles upon a people other than those who as a group come to one accord, who come to 'see eye to eye'. . . " – Timely Greetings. Volume 2, No. 46, page 26, paragraph 2.


Question 4


Since the gift of power does not bring this unity, but rather is the result of it, how are God's people going to be brought to see "eye to eye"? Zech. 3:9; Ex. 23:21; Deut. 4:30,31; Isa. 50:10; John 10:1-5; 1 Cor.14:1-19; Eph. 4:11-13; Amos 3:7.


NOTE --- "God designs that His people shall be a unit, that they shall see eye to eye and be of the same mind and of the same judgment. This cannot be accomplished without a clear, pointed, LIVING TESTIMONY in the church." – Testimonies for the Church, Volume 3, page 361, paragraph 3.


" . . . God had a message for the church that was sacred and important. If received, it would make a thorough reformation in the church, REVIVE THE LIVING TESTIMONY that would purge out hypocrites and sinners, and bring the church again into favor with God." – Early Writings, page 228, para. 2.


"We learn. . . that when Christ ascended up on high, He gave gifts unto men. Among these gifts are enumerated apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers. The object for which they were given was the perfecting of the saints in unity and knowledge. Some who profess to be pastors and teachers at the present day hold that these gifts fully accomplished their object some eighteen


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hundred years ago, and consequently ceased. Why not then throw aside their titles of pastors and teachers? If the office of prophet is by this text limited to the primitive church, so is that of the evangelist – and all the rest; for no distinction is made. Now let us reason a moment upon this point. All these gifts were given for the perfecting of the saints in unity, knowledge, and spirit. Under their influence the primitive church for a time enjoyed that unity. . . And it seems a natural consequence of this state of unity, that 'with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus. . . ' Acts 4:31-33. How desirable such a state of things now! But apostasy with its dividing and blighting influence marred the beauty of the fair church and clothed her in sackcloth. Division and disorder have been the result. Never was there so great a diversity of faith in Christendom as at the present day. If the gifts were necessary to preserve the unity of the primitive church, how much more so to restore unity now! And that it is the purpose of God to restore the unity of the church in the last days, is abundantly evident from the prophecies. We are assured that the watchmen shall see eye to eye, when the Lord shall bring again Zion. Also, that in the time of the end the wise shall understand. When this is fulfilled there will be unity of faith with all whom God accounts wise; for those that do in reality understand aright, must necessarily understand alike. What is to effect this unity but the gifts that were given for this very purpose?" – R, F. Cottrell, Early Writings, pages 139, 140.


Question 5


Who is the prophet God uses to restore this lost unity and what is his message? Matt. 17:11; Mark 9:12 first part; Mal. 3:1-3; 4:4-6; Joel 2:1-32; 1 Pet. 4:17; Matt. 25:6; Rev. 18:1.


NOTE --- "Joel's two chapters (chapters two and three) give us a most compact and vivid view of 'the great and dreadful day of the Lord.' From these alone we can clearly see what it is like. And as Elijah comes just before that day begins, he must necessarily be the one who is to interpret these prophecies of the day, and who consequently announces that the day is at hand. . . In doing all this, he sets in motion the Power that is to restore all things. . . Since the promised Elijah is to be the last prophet to the church today. . . and since the last work on earth is the judgment for the Living, the truth stands forth like the light of day that Elijah's message is the message of the judgment for the Living, the last, which in the very nature of the gospel is of far more importance and consequence than any other message ever borne to a people. . . the antitypical Elijah's work, being in the spirit and power of typical Elijah, must therefore be similar to typical Elijah's work – restoring Truth and righteousness (bringing unity), and bringing judgment. . . " – General Conference Special, pages 19, 20, 23, 24, 31.


"The message of Elijah that restores all things is indeed an addition to the


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Third Angel's Message, and it shall certainly swell into a loud cry." – Timely Greetings, Volume 2, No. 31, pages 8, 9.


". . . I saw another mighty angel commissioned to descend to the earth, to unite his voice with the third angel, and give power and force to his message. Great power and glory were imparted to the angel, and as he descended, the earth was lightened with his glory. . . The work of this angel comes in at the right time to join in the last great work of the third angel's message as it swells to a loud cry. And the people of God are thus prepared to stand in the hour of temptation, which they are soon to meet. I saw a great light resting upon them, and they UNITED to fearlessly proclaim the third angel's message. This message seemed to be an addition to the third message, joining it as the midnight cry joined the second angel's message in 1844. The glory of God rested upon the patient, waiting saints, and they fearlessly gave the LAST SOLEMN WARNING. . . Servants of God, endowed with POWER from on high, with their faces lighted up, and shining with holy consecration, went forth to proclaim the message from heaven." – Early Writings, pages 277-279.


"We are now to UNIFY and. . . prepare the way for our coming King. . . Let us increase in a knowledge of the truth, giving all praise and glory to Him who is One with the Father. Let us seek most earnestly for the heavenly anointing, the Holy Spirit. Let us have a pure, growing Christianity, that in the heavenly courts we may at last be pronounced complete in Christ. 'Behold, the Bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet Him.' Matthew 25:6. Lose no time now in rising and trimming your lamps." – Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 8, p. 212.


"Only those who have withstood (having been prepared to stand by the message of Rev. 18:1) and overcome temptation in the strength of the Mighty One will be permitted to act a part in proclaiming it [Third Angel's Message] when it shall have swelled into the Loud Cry." – Review and Herald, Nov. 19, 1908.


Question 6

What signs reveal that the time for Elijah to appear has arrived? Eph. 4:14; Matt.24:24; Mark 13:22; 2 Thess. 2:9-12.


NOTE --- ". . . the old Devil has already put all his forces to work, piping pleasing tunes to lure Truth seekers to climb aboard his golden bandwagon. Its glittering tinsel of truth is already beguiling many with his wares while his captains and generals are to the top of their voices shouting their 'Hallelujahs,' 'Holy Ghost,' 'gift of healing,' 'gift of tongues,' 'gift of miracles,' and all the rest, although the entire fanfare is devoid even of a spark of life. Every wind of doctrine will be blowing, false revivals and reformations will be at their peak. Everything that can be done will be done to distort the Truth and thus distract and dishearten believers and draw their attention to something


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other than the message of Elijah. This will be the Devil's deal. . ." – General Conference Special, page 7.


Question 7


Since Elijah comes to "restore all things" (Matt. 17:11), what extremely important light has he brought regarding the "latter rain", which is necessary to understand that we may receive the final Pentecostal Spirit's power?


ANSWER --- "Notice in Joel 2:23 and 28: '. . . and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain, in the first month . . . and it shall come to pass AFTERWARD, that I will pour out my Spirit. . .' Notice Brethren! The latter rain of truth (marginal, teacher of righteousness, 4th angel of Rev. 14) comes in the FIRST MONTH, then A-F-T-E-R-W-A-R-D (50 days after waving the wave-sheaf) comes the PENTECOSTAL POWER. Check the Ceremonial Law, Brethren. Did Pentecost come in the first month or 50 days later, in the third month. Do you say, this makes no difference or do you see that there is a difference between the 'Latter rain of truth' and the 'Latter rain of power'?. . . Look again, Joel 2:24 ------ 'And the floors shall be full of wheat. . . . ' The harvest time, between the 'first month' and Pentecost! Think back to Jesus' day. When were the 120 preparing for and being gathered to the Upper Room? Between Passover, in the 1st month, and Pentecost, in the 3rd month. This was the 'harvesting' time for the 120.. . If you want the Pentecostal Power, get the preceding Pentecostal Truth!" – Pentecost Fire, page 4.


"Accordingly, these two manifestations of the Holy Spirit are seen to be inseparable. The first develops a people by teaching them in righteousness; the second fully matures them, and clothes them with power to proclaim the truth in righteousness. In consequence, there is given in the first phase of the work 'a teacher of righteousness' who trains an army of under-teachers of righteousness for the carrying out of the second phase." – The Answerer, Book No. 1, page 87, paragraph 1.


SUMMARY


1. No power without unity.

2. No unity without Inspiration – a prophet.

3. No prophet except Elijah.

4. Elijah has the last message to the church and world.

5. Elijah reveals "latter rain" of truth AND of power (2).

6. Last message is the Judgment for the Living.

7. Judgment for the Living is Revelation 18:1.

8. Revelation 18:1 is added (joins) the Third Angel's Message.

9. Revelation 18:1 brings the power of the Holy Spirit in its wake.


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Lesson 12

6/12/71


PRE-PENTECOSTAL POWER


MEMORY GEM: ". . . Christ Himself is also a type." – Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, No. 1, page 6.

STUDY AIM: To show that there is an outpouring of power prior to Pentecost, brought by The Branch, within the Laodicean Church which fits God's people to receive the mighty outpouring on the Day of Pentecost.

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Introduction


"To get into the full beam of light, we must first face the fact that the pre-pentecostal harvest took place in a self-deceived church, the Jewish; and through miracle-working power manifested by Christ Himself, it yielded the 120 disciples, the first fruits of those who are to be resurrected. Whereas the post-pentecostal harvest took place among the nations; and through miracle-power manifested by the Spirit-filled 120 disciples, it yielded an innumerable multitude of converts to Christianity. . . the second fruits of those who are to be resurrected. . . Accordingly, the antitypical Pre-pentecostal harvest takes place in a self-deceived church, the Laodicean, 'the house of God'; and through miracle-working power manifested by Heaven itself in the angels (Matt. 13:39), [messages] it yields the 144,000, the first fruits of those who are never to die. Whereas the antitypical post-pentecostal harvest takes place among the nations; and through miracle-working power manifested by the Spirit-filled 144,000, it yields the great multitude which no man can number (Rev. 7:9), the second fruits, of those who are never to die." – Timely Greetings, Volume 2, No. 46, pages 27, 28. (Parentheses belong to quotation, brackets added.)


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Question 1





What record do we have of a manifestation of miracle-working power prior to the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost? Matt. 4:23-25; 8:1-34; 9:1-8, 18-35; 14:13-36; 15:29-38; 17:14-27; 19:1,2; 20:29-34; 21:17-22; Mark 3:1-5; 5:1-43; 6:35-56; 7:24-37; 8:1-26; 9:14-29; 10:46-52; Luke 4:14,15, 31-44; 5:4-11; 7:1-17; 8:26-56; 9:12-17, 37-42; 11:14; 13:11-13; 14:1-4; 17:11-19; 22:47-51; John 2:1-11; 4:43-54; 5:1-9; 6:1-21; 9:1-41; 11:1-45; Matt. 10:1-15; Luke 9:1-6; 10:1-12.


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NOTE --- "Every miracle that Christ performed was a sign of His divinity. He was doing the very work that had been foretold of the Messiah. . . " – The Desire of Ages, page 406, paragraph 4.


"During His ministry Jesus devoted more time to healing the sick than to preaching. His miracles testified to the truth of His words, that He came not to destroy but to save. His righteousness went before Him, and the glory of the Lord was His rearward. Wherever He went, the tidings of His mercy preceded Him. Where He had passed, the objects of His compassion were rejoicing in health, and making trial of their new-found powers. Crowds were collecting around them to hear from their lips the works that the Lord had wrought. His voice was the first sound that many had ever heard, His name the first word they had ever spoken, His face the first they had ever looked upon. Why should they not love Jesus and sound His praise? As He passed through the towns and cities He was like a vital current, diffusing life and joy wherever He went." – The Desire of Ages, page 350.


"Bethany was so near Jerusalem that the news of the raising of Lazarus was soon carried to the city. . . Christ had now fully made manifest His control of death and the grave. That mighty miracle was the crowning evidence offered by God to men that He had sent His Son into the world for their salvation. It was a demonstration of divine power sufficient to convince every mind that was under the control of reason and enlightened conscience. Many who witnessed the resurrection of Lazarus were led to believe on Jesus. . . The dead had been raised in the full light of day, and before a crowd of witnesses. No artifice could explain away such evidence." – The Desire of Ages, page 537, paragraph 1.


"The first step was now to be taken in the organization of the church that after Christ's departure was to be His representative on earth. . . Jesus had called His disciples that He might send them forth as His witnesses, to declare to the world what they had seen and heard of Him." – The Desire of Ages, page 291.


"As He had sent out the twelve, so He 'appointed seventy others, and sent them two and two before His face into every city and place, whither He Himself was about to come.' Luke 10:1, R.V. These disciples had been for some time with Him, in training for their work. When the twelve were sent out on their first


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separate mission, other disciples accompanied Jesus in His journey through Galilee. . . Now this larger number also were to go forth on a separate mission. . . . Like the apostles, the seventy had received supernatural endowments as a seal of their mission. When their work was completed, they returned with joy, saying, 'Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through Thy name.' " – The Desire of Ages, pages 488, 490.


Question 2

What prophecy does Inspiration make concerning a like manifestation of power before the day of Pentecost today? 9 T. 126.


ANSWER --- "In visions of the night, representations passed before me of a great reformatory movement among God's people. Many were praising God. The sick were healed, and other miracles were wrought. A spirit of intercession was seen, even as was manifested BEFORE THE GREAT DAY OF PENTECOST. Hundreds and thousands were seen visiting families and opening before them the word of God. Hearts were convicted by the power of the Holy Spirit, and a spirit of genuine conversion was manifest. On every side doors were thrown open to the proclamation of the truth." – Testimonies for the Church, Volume 9, page 126, paragraph 1.


Question 3
Who is it that brings about this great revival and reformation? Zech. 6:12; Isa.11:1.


NOTE --- "Who is to bring this revival and reformation, this great change? – The BRANCH. . . Here is seen an organization having a Leader and an under leader – the Lord and Joshua." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8, pp. 24, 26.


Question 4
To whom is the Branch revealed? When? Zech. 3:1-9; 6:9-13; Jer. 23:5,6.


NOTE --- "The work of Christ as man's INTERCESSOR is presented in that beautiful prophecy of Zechariah concerning Him 'whose name is The Branch.' " – Great Controversy, page 415, paragraph 3,


"Zechariah's vision of Joshua and the Angel applies with peculiar force to the experience of God's people in the CLOSING UP OF THE GREAT DAY OF ATONEMENT (harvest – Judgment of the Living)." – Testimonies for the Church, Volume 5, page 472, paragraph 2.


Joshua is Heaven's appointed judge, ruler. He himself is CROWNED as such. . . Finally, how do we know for certain that this message [of the Branch] was planned and recorded especially for the church today? – We know it from the


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fact that the revelation of these scriptures is now, never before, unveiled and proclaimed. Now its proclamation makes known that the Lord [the Branch] 'is taking the reins in His Own hands'. . . that the time of the purification of the church (the Judgment of the Living. . . ) is at hand . . . that the purified ones, the 144,000 (wheat) [gathered by Christ Himself – Rev. 14:16] . . . are to be put in the barn. . ." – Timely Greetings, Volume 1, No. 8 revised, pp. 26, 27.


Question 5
What does revival and reformation entail? Zech. 4:1-14; Amos 3:7.


NOTE --- "God calls for a spiritual revival and a spiritual reformation. Unless this takes place, those who are lukewarm will continue to grow more abhorrent to the Lord, until He will refuse to acknowledge them as His children. A revival and a reformation must take place under the ministration of the Holy Spirit. Revival and reformation are two different things. Revival signifies a renewal of spiritual life, a quickening of the powers of mind and heart, a resurrection from spiritual death. Reformation signifies a reorganization, a change in ideas and theories, habits and practices. Reformation will not bring forth the good fruit of righteousness unless it is connected with the revival of the Spirit. Revival and reformation are to do their appointed work, and in doing this work they must blend." – E. G. White, Review and Herald, Feb. 25, 1902.


"Down through the years there have been numerous well-meaning people in various parts of the Seventh-day Adventist world who have started, what they called, a 'revival and reformation.' Although regardless of their sincerity and zeal, not one has been able to accomplish a thing worthy of note. The reason for their miserable failures is that all have disregarded the instruction given by Inspiration. They have made great efforts to bring about reformation without the Holy Spirit's direction, without the active Spirit of Prophecy in their midst. Reformation is not to be found in the hall of learning or the minds of zealous individuals, but rather it is brought about as a result of the revival of the Spirit and is found in the pages of Holy Writ. All reformations (reorganizations) that are attempted without the prophetic office directing is doomed to fail and will come to naught." – Branch Study, "Revival and Reformation," January 25, 1960, page 1.


Question 6

In order to have the pre-Pentecostal power spoken of by the Spirit of Prophecy, what are we counseled to do? Hos. 1:10,11.


NOTE --- "Spread the news QUICKLY that God is calling us to New Mt. Carmel, Waco, Texas (place in the wilderness of the Gentiles, not yet in the Kingdom), TO APPOINT OURSELVES ONE HEAD [Joshua, Elijah, David – the living Spirit of Prophecy], that we may, then, subsequently, GO QUICKLY to


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our Brethren AS DID THE 70, PREACHING AND HEALING!!!" – Crowned in the Wilderness, page 4. (Parenthesis belongs to quote, brackets added.)


Question 7

How many numbered ones will be saved as a result of the pre-Pentecostal power manifested in the Branch movement? Rev. 14:1.


NOTE --- ". . . the antitypical Pre-pentecostal harvest takes places in a self-deceived church, the Laodicean, 'the house of God'; and through miracle-working power manifested by Heaven itself in the angels (Matt. 13:39) [messages], it yields the 144,000, the first fruits of those who are never to die." – Timely Greetings, Volume 2, No. 46, page 28.


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Lesson 13

6/19/71


THE ANTITYPICAL PENTECOST


MEMORY GEM: ". . . thus saith the Lord God; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name. . . Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord God." – Eze. 39:25, 29.

STUDY AIM: To understand when Pentecost will come, to whom it will come, and what will happen on that great day.

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Introduction


"Being two in number. . . and made from wheat, the wave-loaves are figurative of Judah and Israel, twelve tribes. Being baken with leaven, shows that they are leavened with the Truth. Waving them on the day of Pentecost shows that His people will be filled with the Holy Spirit. . . The Passover lamb. . . was symbolic of the Lamb of God, Christ. . . Therefore the seven lambs without blemish that are offered with the bread are figurative of God's people. See John 21:15. 'The number seven indicates completeness.' A.A. 585. Obviously the seven lambs are figurative of the seven thousand of Israel who had not bowed the knee to Baal in ancient Elijah's day. . .


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Since seven thousands indicate a complete number of thousands, they are therefore a type of the 144,000. . . who have not bowed the knee to Baal in antitypical Elijah's day. Plainly then, the seven unblemished lambs are figurative of the 144,000 guileless servants of God, Rev. 14:1-5. The two rams of Lev. 23:18, being the fathers of the seven unblemished lambs and the rams' bodies, being offered for a meat offering made by fire, a symbol of the Holy Spirit, and the meat being a symbol of God's word (Heb. 5:14), we conclude that the bodies of the two rams are figurative of the Old and New Testament Scriptures – the Bible, that which begat the Bible people, the Old and New Testament churches. Now since the lambs are symbolic of God's elect and the two rams are figurative of the Bible, the bullock must also be symbolic of something. Of what then, could the bullock be a symbol? Let us reason: a bullock is the father of cattle, and God's people are likened unto cattle (Eze. 34:17). This bullock then represents something that begets God's people. The bullock being younger and much larger than the rams seems to indicate that since the rams represent the Bible, the bullock would represent some inspired writing, written after and much more voluminous than the Bible. The young bullock, therefore, is figurative of the writings of the Spirit of Prophecy. Here we see that the harvest rite of the offering of the wave-loaves, first fruits, is figurative of a people 'which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.' " – The Law of Moses in the Light of Revelation 14, page 3.


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Question 1
Upon what day will the great Pentecost come? Lev. 23:15,16.


NOTE --- "In like manner, the types (Latter Rain, Pentecost, Judgment of the Living) which relate to the second advent MUST BE FULFILLED AT THE TIME POINTED OUT IN THE SYMBOLIC SERVICE. Under the MOSAIC SYSTEM. . . " – Great Controversy, pages 399, 400.


"Those who keep the Feast-day of the Pentecost will be in God's favor and receive the Pentecostal outpouring. . . God will give the power of His Spirit on the very day of Pentecost. In this way He will distinguish His true followers, from those who receive the false power by Satan." – God's Holy Feasts, p. 7.


"Pentecost fell on Sunday as an evidence of God's method of working. He began with the first day." – The Shepherd's Rod, Volume 2, page 22.


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Question 2
Who will receive the great power of Pentecost? Rev. 14:1-5; 12:17.


NOTE --- "Inspiration records that the same Spirit Who quickened Christ, preached to the antediluvians. . . there are Three Pentecosts to be considered, – two in the past and one in the future. . . we must consider the Noatic Pentecost in this numerical study, doubling the figurative number of 120. Thus, 120 x 2 = 240. Hence, the symbolical number of the Two Pentecosts in one, is 240. Now to get the actual number of saints in the Third and last Pentecost and the only one directly prophesied in the Bible, we must multiply the symbolical number of Bible-time-and-saints (600) with the number of the Two Pentecosts. Thus, 600 x 240 = 144,000. Therefore, the Pentecost that is just ahead of us will be made up of the 144,000 saints who are to be translated without tasting death. Hence, they are 'the servants of our God.' (Rev. 7:3)." – The Harvest, Tract No. 3, 1934 Edition (Branch 1971 Reprint), pages 71, 72.


Question 3
What will happen to the 144,000 on the Day of Pentecost? Joel 2:28.


NOTE --- "Yes, the great 'army', the 144,000, will receive the Pentecostal power – which will designate that they are 'kings' and 'priests' of the Lord. As was Christ's '. . . ENTHRONEMENT in His mediatorial kingdom. . . signalized by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.' C.O.L. 120, so the modern-day Pentecost will SIGNALIZE THE ENTHRONEMENT OF HIS BRIDE – Saviours, Mediators, Obadiah 21." – Crowned in the Wilderness, page 2.


" . . . 144,000. . . the governors of the kingdom that is to be set up on earth, a universal and everlasting government!" – The Harvest, Tract No. 3, 1934 Edition (Branch 1971 Reprint), page 72.


Question 4

Under whose name will the 144,000 preach salvation? Acts 4:12; Rev. 3:12; Isa. 62:2 Jer. 33:15,16; Zech. 6:12; 3:8.


NOTE --- "The bride, the Lamb's (Branch's) wife, is evidently the church whose righteousness the Gentiles see and all nations her glory; the church that goes by her husband's 'new name,' the Branch, which the mouth (mouthpiece) of the Lord names. Some say that if you claim to be a Branch, you are anti-Christ. To such an one we say, did you ever hear of a young lady going by her own name after she was legally married to her husband? Were those who were called Christians first at Antioch (Acts 11:26) anti-Christ, or were they the true followers of our Saviour?" – The Man On The White Horse, page 51, para. 2.


Question 5

As the 144,000 preach salvation in the name of The Branch, how many accept the name? Rev. 7:9; Isa. 66:20.


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NOTE --- ". . . the antitypical post-pentecostal harvest takes place among the nations; and through miracle-working power manifested by the Spirit-filled 144,000, it yields the great multitude which no man can number (Rev. 7:9), the second fruits, of those who are never to die." – Timely Greetings. Vol. 2, No. 46, page 28.


"Then a multitude not of their faith, seeing that God is with His people, will unite with them in serving the Redeemer." – Review and Herald, Feb. 25, 1902.


Question 6


Upon hearing the apostles preach anciently, how many accepted the truth on the Day of Pentecost? Acts 2:41. Who are the modern-day counterparts of the 3,000? Rev. 9:16, 17; Isa. 66:20,21.


NOTE --- ". . .the 'army' of 'horses' is figurative of the workers who proclaim the final message. . . These 200,000,000 horses, we have learned, symbolize a great army of gospel workers, from whose lips go a message which means life or death. That, therefore, must be the power in their mouth. Consequently, the 'fire,' 'smoke,' and 'brimstone,' which issue 'out of their mouths,' are figurative of the message which they proclaim: the power of the Holy Spirit (the 'fire'), the sacrifices of Christ ('the smoke'), and the destructive judgments of God ('the brimstone'). . . And now as to what swelled the number of preachers from 144,000 to 200,000,000, the Lord says: 'I will also take of them [of those whom the 144,000 shall bring from 'all nations,'. . . ] for priests and for Levites.' Isa. 66:21." – Final Warning, Tract No. 5, pages 90, 91, 93.


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"If Christians were to act in concert, moving forward as one, under the direction of one Power, for the accomplishment of one purpose, they would move the world." – Testimonies, vol. 9, p. 221.




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Out of the Mailbag


Dear Sir,


This is to acknowledge the receipt of your last parcel containing the Sabbath School Lessons… with many thanks to you. I need more lessons and more explanation regards your organization... I would like to initiate myself fully under your Spiritual Organization. Thanks Sir,


Nigeria


Dear Pastor Roden,


I have had some studies with _____ who is of your faith. She loaned me some little books which I'd like to have a copy for myself if at all possible. They are The Latest News For Mother; The Entering Wedge; and Cook Right Cook Book. She told me to also ask for the Feast days and Judgment. I want to send money later for 2 fruit trees. Sincerely,


Arizona


Dear Brethren,


I received your Sabbath School Lessons and I think you are right. Would you please send me more literature. Yours truly in Christ,


Australia


Dear Sir:


I am interested in obtaining information concerning your organization. I am writing a term paper on your beliefs, doctrines, etc. and would thoroughly appreciate all information you could possibly send me concerning your organization. Thank you,


California


Dear Brother Roden:


I am writing you this letter, because here in the Dominican Republic some families have accepted the message you proclaim. And we need to know more about the message and the means that the Davidian Branch brethren use in order to go to Israel Land. We have been Davidians from V.T. Houteff days, and we have remained without Shepherd's Rod from that time on. Specially the group here, five families, want to be in the promised land as soon as possible, but we need your help, because we are poor, without means to go to Israel, and only your help and the help of the American brothers can do something for us. In spite of that we have confidence in God, because He did many miracles with the ancient Israel and so He will do for us today. Waiting your answer to this letter, I remain yours very truly in the message.


Dominican Republic


Dear Bro. Roden


Recently Bro. _____ and _____ visited me in my home and since then I have been strangely warmed when I think of the things he told me and read from the Scriptures. I want to study for myself all the "new" truth and come as the Spirit calls. I pray earnestly for God to guide me along my journey but I want to be sure I am not venturing on "forbidden ground". I am enclosing our tithe for this moment. . . Thank you for the Branch S.S. Lessons etc. Yours truly in Christ, the Branch


Texas


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Dear Brethren in Christ,


My family and I are indeed happy to have received your reply to our letter. It came through the letter box on the morning of the second. I believe it was owing to the strike which caused it to be so late. Unfortunately, at the time of writing, we have received no lessons. We shall indeed be very happy for the names and addresses of other believers we can fellowship with. We have always kept the message alight here in this little corner and as we are now close to six churches we would like some literature. We would like to have a chart, the Entering Wedge, some literature and instructions, also your blessing. There is much work to be done here and we are willing to do it. We have been isolated here for over seven years but thanks be to God we have tried not to fail or falter through trying times. Please continue to pray for us. . . Sincerely yours in Present Truth,


England


Dear Sir:


It's been a long time since I have heard anything about you dear people. Thank God for you and your co-workers. Greetings in the name of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ who love upon us all. Please send a sample of all tracts, booklets, magazines etc. which you publish, or some information about your organization... Pray for me and my family. O what a blessing to serve our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.


Florida


Dear Sir,


I thank you so much for the spiritual love you have sent me. Please keep it on. The 2 tracts and other pamphlets sent to me have been received and the wordings all gone through. I humbly ask for more tracts and pamphlets ... Whatever book you know could be of help to me as to uplift my spiritual status I would like you to send me. Whatever is the cost I shall post it to you. Enroll me as a full member of your organization, so as to receive the full spiritual blessings from the Sanctuary. . . Help me to be saved, help me, for I need some blessings from God through the Branch. Thanks Sir, your Brother,


Nigeria


Dear Sir:


Please send me any free literature you have about your religious group What are your basic teachings? Do you keep the Holy Days of Israel? If so, how do you celebrate them? Do you keep the Sabbath? Do you have a free Bible course? Do you teach that the U.S.A. is Israel? If you have a free magazine or paper, I would like to be placed on your mailing list. Also, if you have a booklet about the history of the true church, which I assume you must think you are, please send it to me I thank you very much in advance. Sincerely,


Washington


Dear Sir,


I had received printed matter you sent me. And I would like to inform that I enjoy reading it so please send me some more. So that I will know more about Jesus. I would like to know how to be acquainted with our Lord. When I read your printed matter as if my problems are becoming light because I had known Jesus by some of your reading matter and I read a Bible which one of my pen


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pals there in America sent me a dollar to buy a Bible. For you know we are just but a poor people here in Philippines ... I pray to Jesus without ceasing night and day. So please help me. So long and regards to you. Yours truly,


Philippines


Dear Friends,


Thank you for the S.S. Lesson and tract "The Lamb of God", received to-day. I am trying to study and read since I'm not supposed to walk or work much. Do you think Isa. 33:9 has been fulfilled? I believe we are nearer the Kingdom than many of us realize. I'm deeply concerned about my loved ones and friends .... Sincerely,


Missouri


Dear Brethren,


I wish to acquaintance you that I have received the three booklets you have sent me. Thank you very much for them. The booklets belong to S.D.A. Church, as I have learnt from them. I am also an Adventist. I was born an Adventist. My parents are good church members. I am a medical student in the 2nd year .... Concerning our church activity our pastors ... endeavour to awaken our church members to a new spiritual life, to be ready for Christ's second coming... I should like information about your church ... I should like also some printed sermons or an aid for sermons. God's peace to all our brethren. Sincerely yours.


Rumania


Dear Sir:


Will you please send me all the light you have on the Feast Days and how to observe them. Thank you. Sincerely,


Florida


Sir,


It is really wonderful to study your lessons. I have received two such of your lessons sent to me. As I was going through these lessons I found it necessary to contact you on these four points which need more explanation. 1. In the Lamb of God, written by Benjamin Roden, I came across two inspired writers, Ellen G. White for "Laodicean SDA" and Houteff for the "Davidian SDA," may I know the difference between these two movements, in view and teaching. 2. Regarding the feasts: Is this only for the Jews or for all SDAs world wide? 3. I found in Lesson vol. 4, No. 1... that the ceremonial law was not nailed to the cross with Christ... Please explain what St. Paul meant in Col. 2:14-17. 4. With regard to the salvation of Israel, in the book of Rom. 11:26, does this mean that all the Jews will be saved whether they accept the BRANCH "Christ Jesus" or not? Please give detailed explanation of the passage. I take this time to thank the Organizers behind the Branch Lessons Study for the last message to be proclaimed before the end of time. I will not fail to send my good wishes through you to all those fellow brethren who continue to send me magazines, tracts and other books useful for us over here. May God of Israel grant you wisdom and peace Amen. I remain yours in Christ,


Nigeria


Dear Brethren,


Greetings in the name of the Branch Who is the Lord our Righteousness. . . .We gave out literature last Sabbath and had a ready response from the majority, only a few wouldn't take it... I'd like to share a little


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verse with you that I found. It is called "Within Me."


Within my earthly temple, there's a crowd.

There's one that's humble, and one that's proud.

There's one that's broken hearted for his sins,

And one that's unrepentant, sits and grins;

There's one that loves his neighbor as himself.

And one that cares for naught but fame and pelf (money).

From such perplexing care, I would be free,

If I could once determine which is me.


…Remember I love you all and look forward to the day when the Lord will unite all His people together and the Kingdom is established in the land of our fathers... Yours in the Master's service,


Australia


Dear Brother and Sister Roden:


Greetings Rev. 22:21: How are you folks, we are fine and we have some more tithes and offerings for the storehouse of Present Truth... Thank you for the news in the past from Mt. Cannel Center, we love to hear from you there, keep us informed. I suppose you have heard about the recent contact between the U.S. and China? May the Lord bless you, and your efforts wherever you may be. Our daily prayers are with you.


California


Brother B. L. Roden,


Thanks to the Almighty for the Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, Nos. 1-10, Shepherd's Rods Vol. 1, etc. The Most High God has directed you to send me His message. They are making my way clearer and clearer. I am through reading them and will have to study them over and over again. Please do not miss to send me the continuation on Timely Greetings and Shepherd's Rod, Vol. II. I need them more than my daily bread. The Holy Spirit opens the way for me to the Kingdom. Pray for me, too... Can we send our tithes and offerings there?... Please send me as soon as possible – I might be too late.


Philippines




* All emphases and parentheses used throughout these lessons are ours unless otherwise stated at the close of the quotation.




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THE CHANNEL 23 PSALM






The TV is my shepherd, my spiritual growth shall want.

It maketh me to sit down and do nothing for the cause
     of Christ because it requireth all my spare time.

It keepeth me from doing my duty as a Christian,

Because it presenteth so many good programmes that I must see.


It restoreth my knowledge of the things of the world;

It keepeth me from studying God's Word.

It leadeth me into the paths of failure to attend
     church services, and doing anything for the Kingdom of God.

Yea, though I live to be a hundred, I shall keep on
     watching my TV as long as it will work.


For my TV is my close companion; its sound and its
     picture they comfort me.

It filleth my head with ideas which differ from those
     set forth in the Word of God.

Surely no good thing will come of my life, because my
     TV offers me no time to do the will of God,

And I will dwell in spiritual poverty forever.





heavenbound christian





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THE HARVEST


Free copies of Bro. Houteff's Tract No. 3, entitled, "The Harvest," reprinted by The Branch are available upon request.


NAMES AND ADDRESSES


Please continue to send to the Office names and addresses of Adventists and Davidians whom you think would like to receive Branch Sabbath School Lessons and Tracts regularly. Those planning to move should notify the Office of your new address as soon as possible. Include Zip-Code. Thank you.


NEW CAMP TRACTS


Two new tracts were prepared for distribution at the camp meetings this year. They are, 'The Scroll and the Stone" and "Shock – The Truth About the Texas Supreme Court." Anyone wishing to distribute these tracts to our Seventh-day Adventist brethren should write the Office for supplies.


TITHES AND OFFERINGS


"Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it. And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the Lord of hosts." – Mal. 3:10, 11.


BOOKS NEEDED


Bibles and Spirit of Prophecy books are urgently needed for distribution to needy brethren in the field. Letters from those in need are constantly received for these items and clothing to such an extent that we are unable, at the present time, to meet every request. Your help to supply these items will be deeply appreciated. Address all correspondence to The Branch, Route 7, Box 471-B, Waco, Texas 76705.


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CONVOCATIONS FOR THE YEAR 1971-72

FEAST OF TRUMPETS.................................. SEPT. 20

DAY OF ATONEMENT................................... SEPT. 29

FEAST OF TABERNACLES.............................. OCT. 4-11

NEW MOON............................................ OCT. 20

NEW MOON............................................ NOV. 19

NEW MOON............................................ DEC. 19

NEW MOON............................................ JAN. 17

NEW MOON............................................ FEB. 16

FEAST OF PURIM...................................... FEB. 29

SHUSHAN PURIM....................................... MAR.  1

NEW MOON............................................ MAR. 16

PASSOVER (Lord's Supper)............................ MAR. 30

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD.................. MAR. 30 - APR. 5

NEW MOON............................................ APR. 15

SECOND PASSOVER..................................... APR. 29

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD (second month).... APR. 29 - MAY 6

NEW MOON............................................. MAY 14

PENTECOST............................................ MAY 21

NEW MOON............................................ JUNE 13

* Each Feast day begins at sundown of the night before.



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